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Facts Of Skin Cancer

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Facts Of Skin Cancer

  1. 1. Facts of Skin Cancer
  2. 2. Types of Skin Cancer <ul><li>Non-Melanoma </li></ul><ul><li>1. Basal Cell Carcinoma </li></ul><ul><li>2. Squamous Cell Carcinoma </li></ul><ul><li>Melanoma </li></ul><ul><li>Level I-V </li></ul>
  3. 3. Basal Cell Carcinoma <ul><li>Most common form </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely fatal, but can be disfiguring </li></ul><ul><li>More common in persons with light hair, light-colored eyes, and light complexions </li></ul><ul><li>Most often found on the head, neck and hands </li></ul>
  4. 4. Squamous Cell Carcinoma <ul><li>2 nd Most common form </li></ul><ul><li>Can metastasize if not caught early </li></ul><ul><li>Results in approximately 2500 deaths each year </li></ul><ul><li>Typically found on the rim of the ear, the face, the lips and mouth </li></ul>
  5. 5. Melanoma <ul><li>Most deadly form of skin cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Can metastasize if not caught early </li></ul><ul><li>Is classified from Level I to Level V being most severe </li></ul><ul><li>Accounts for 3% of skin cancer cases </li></ul><ul><li>Causes more than 75% of skin cancer deaths </li></ul><ul><li>1 person dies of melanoma nearly every hour </li></ul>
  6. 6. Signs and Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma <ul><li>Can appear as a fleshy, shiny bump or nodule </li></ul><ul><li>Red scaly patch </li></ul><ul><li>A spot that might bleed, crust over, heal, and then repeat the same cycle </li></ul><ul><li>A scar-like area </li></ul>
  7. 7. Picture of a Basal Cell Carcinoma
  8. 8. Signs and Symptoms of a Squamous Cell Carcinoma <ul><li>May appear as a bump </li></ul><ul><li>May appear as a red scaly patch that will not heal </li></ul>
  9. 9. Picture of a Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  10. 10. Sign and Symptoms of a Melanoma <ul><li>Dark mole, greater than 6mm </li></ul><ul><li>Mole that has changed in any way </li></ul><ul><li>Mole that has Itching, Burning, Bleeding, Oozing, Pain, or is Bluish-Black in Color </li></ul><ul><li>Know the ABCD’s of Melanoma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A-Asymmetry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B-Border Irregularity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C-Color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D-Diameter </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Picture of a Melanoma
  12. 12. Causes of Skin Cancers <ul><li>Most common cause is overexposure to sunlight </li></ul><ul><li>Occasionally, but rare, contact with arsenic, exposure to radiation and complications of burns, scars vaccinations and even tattoos </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes family history can be a contributing factor to Melanoma. It doesn’t always have to been sun exposure. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Prevention of Skin Cancer <ul><li>Early Detection is the best prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Do monthly self-examinations </li></ul><ul><li>See a Dermatologist on a regular basis </li></ul><ul><li>Use sunscreen on a daily basis </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid sun exposure during peak hours (between 10am and 4pm) </li></ul>

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