Behaviorism

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Behaviorism

  1. 1. Behaviorism<br />By: Frank Cox<br />
  2. 2. What is Behaviorism?<br />It is the prediction and control of human behavior in which introspection and/or independent thinking form no essential part of its method. <br />Came into vogue during the time period (that coincided with the Industrial Revolution) called modernism, in which everything of value was measure solely in terms of science. <br />Behaviorist believe human learning is purely an objective and experimental branch of natural science, and see no dividing line between man and animal. <br />
  3. 3. People Associated with This Theory<br />Ivan Pavlov<br />B.F. Skinner<br />Albert Bandura<br />
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  5. 5. Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)<br />Became famous for his behavioral experiments with dogs, he used a conditioning to teach dogs to salivate when he rang a bell when there was food, eventually the dogs would salivate even without food. <br />This process was termed classic conditioning. <br />He used this experiment to study digestion, but other behaviorists used his work as an example of stimulus response and felt it could work in humans too!<br />
  6. 6. Comedic picture of the dog in Pavlov’s experiment thinking when he drools, through classic conditioning, he will make Pavlov smile and write in his book. <br />
  7. 7. B.F. Skinner (1904-1990)<br />Experimented with pigeons using operant conditioning, which is learning that is controlled and results in shaping behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns. <br />He would reward the pigeons if they behaved in a desired manner, and used this to teach pigeons to dance and bowl (in a specially constructed bowling alley)<br />Believed that people shape their behavior based on positive reinforcement or rewards they receive. <br />Many classroom management techniques and forms of computer based instruction and educational software are based on Skinner’s operant conditioning. <br />
  8. 8. Comedic picture of Skinner’s stimulus-response techniques!<br />
  9. 9. Albert Bandura (1925- )<br />Has studied and is famous for his ideas on social learning, which he renamed Social Cognitive Theory, which focuses on those motivational factors and self-regulatory mechanisms that contribute to a person’s behavior, rather than just environmental mechanisms. <br />Believes that people acquire behaviors, first through the observation of others and then by using those observations to imitate what they have observed. <br />This theory is based on observational modeling, watching something and then mimicking the observed behavior. <br />In later years, he focused his work on the concept of self-efficacy, which is a personal observation about one’s perceived ability to feel, think, and motivate oneself to learn. <br />
  10. 10. Albert Bandura (continued)<br />He began to analyze a person’s personality through the interaction of three things<br /> 1. the environment<br /> 2. the behavior<br /> 3. the person’s psychological process<br />He then considered a person’s ability to retain information through images in the mind, called imagery. <br />He then joined the position of cognitivists. <br />
  11. 11. Classroom Implications (Teacher’s Use)<br />With Technology:<br />Using computer programs that give positive feedback for a correct answer. <br />Without Technology:<br />Giving a reward (a piece of candy) for a correct answer to a question. <br />
  12. 12. Classroom Implications (Student’s Use)<br />With Technology:<br />Using the internet to research something for homework, so they can be rewarded when they turn it in. <br />Without Technology:<br />Hearing a song a knowing a task must be completed before the song is finished. <br />
  13. 13. What do I Think?<br />I would definitely use this theory, especially if I was working with younger children. <br />I would use Skinner’s theory and stimulus-response to get my students to not only know what desired behavior is, but also make them want to do it. <br />

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