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3D-PTV is a 3D Particle Tracking Velocimetry experimental technique used in the experimental research of turbulence. main source of information is http://ptvwiki.netcipia.net

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- 3D-Particle Tracking Velocimetry an overview by Beat L ü thi
- Some applied flows one would like to know more about from Matthias Machacek (2003) PhD Thesis ETH applied flow in wind tunnel: car
- Some applied flows one would like to know more about from Matthias Machacek (2003) PhD Thesis ETH more abstract but still applied flow: delta wing
- Some applied flows one would like to know more about G. Wilkesanders, Ch. Skallerud, Univ. of Colorado at Boulder Visualized in rheoscopic fluid made of fish scales in water. The wake of a bluff body generated a von Karman vortex street
- Main idea of 3D-PTV How to measure a flow field? How to get 3D information? How to get Lagrangian information? How to not disturb the flow? 3D-PTV
- Main idea of 3D-PTV 3D-PTV = image based three dimensional Lagrangian flow measurement technique (Particle Tracking Velocimetry) flow + CCD cameras + computers = 3D-PTV
- Main idea of 3D-PTV from Matthias Machacek (2003) PhD Thesis ETH smoke streaks yield ’only’ quantitative information
- Main idea of 3D-PTV from Matthias Machacek (2003) PhD Thesis ETH 3D-PTV yields quantitative, Lagrangian flow trajectories
- Main idea of 3D-PTV from Matthias Machacek (2003) PhD Thesis ETH … zooming in more: flow details behind delta wing
- Main idea of 3D-PTV from Heinrich Stüer (1999) PhD Thesis ETH more ’fundamental’ flow: backward facing step
- Main idea of 3D-PTV from Berg (2006) PhD Thesis Risø ’ fully fundamental’: isotropic turbulence
- Main idea of 3D-PTV to follow a 3D (!) particle position as opposed to 2D PIV! started 1983 ……
- some 3D-PTV groups USA, Cornell Reynolds number Denmark, Risø particle dispersion Switzerland, ETH velocity derivatives and many more groups: Eindhoven, Tel Aviv, G ö ttingen,
- flow tracers high tech, accurate, expensive: Idea: Søren Ott & Jakob Mann, Risø, Denmark fly ash sieving 50-60 µm low tech, accurate, cheap:
- illumination LED array, TU/e Lorenzo del Castello, Herman Clercx trend towards smarter solutions
- fast digital cameras pixel: 500x500 frame rate: 50Hz pixel: 1000x1000 frame rate: 5000Hz or pixel: 250x250 frame rate: 80’000Hz data storage is main bottelneck
- particle detection and position typically the ’image situation’ is far from ideal
- from 2D to 3D position callibration and 2D position accuracy, seeding density, etc. Camera 4 Camera 3 Camera 1 Camera 2 x y z r(x,y,z,t)
- tracking through consequtive images tracking criteria: particle must not travel further than their typical spacing codes available at www.3dptv.schtuff.com
- overcome seeding density bottelneck? K. Hoyer, M. Holzner, ETH Scanning PTV idea: scan flow with thick laser sheet to get more particles
- many dependencies, many choices… field of view depth of view optical working distance camera pixel resolution camera recording rate illumination flow speed flow scales one would like to resolve particle diameter number of tracer particles trackability
- final output is the start for analysis if all goes well, one can finally start ’learning’ about the flow
- velocity derivatives differentiate convoluted velocity field to get velocity derivatives challenge to get HIGH SEEDING DENSITY B. Lüthi ETH, Søren Ott Risø
- Some selected outcome

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