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  1. 1. The Period of New Society<br />
  2. 2. Marcos claimed that martial law was the prelude to creating a &quot;New Society&quot; based on new social and political values. He argued that certain aspects of personal behavior, attributed to a colonial mentality, were obstacles to effective modernization. These included the primacy of personal connections, as reflected in the ethic of utangnaloob, and the importance of maintaining in-group harmony and coherence, even at the cost to the national community. A new spirit of self-sacrifice for the national welfare was necessary if the country were to equal the accomplishments of its Asian neighbors, such as Taiwan and the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Despite Marcos&apos;s often perceptive criticisms of the old society, Marcos, his wife, and a small circle of close associates, the crony group, now felt free to practice corruption on an awe-inspiring scale.<br />The New Society<br />
  3. 3. Political, economic, and social policies were designed to neutralize Marcos&apos;s rivals within the elite. The old political system, with its parties, rough-and-tumble election campaigns, and a press so uninhibited in its vituperative and libelous nature that it was called &quot;the freest in the world,&quot; had been boss-ridden and dominated by the elite since early American colonial days, if not before. The elite, however, composed of local political dynasties, had never been a homogeneous group. Its feuds and tensions, fueled as often by assaults on amorproprio (self-esteem) as by disagreement on ideology or issues, made for a pluralistic system.<br />The New Society<br />
  4. 4. Marcos&apos;s self-proclaimed &quot;revolution from the top&quot; deprived significant portions of the old elite of power and patronage. For example, the powerful Lopez family, who had fallen out of Marcos&apos;s favor (Fernando Lopez had served as Marcos&apos;s first vice president), was stripped of most of its political and economic assets. Although always influential, during the martial law years, Imelda Marcos built her own power base, with her husband&apos;s support. Concurrently the governor of Metro Manila and minister of human settlements (a post created for her), she exercised significant powers.<br />The New Society<br />
  5. 5. only in 1972 that Filipino writers started to use their writings to explore socio-political realities.<br />The New Society<br />
  6. 6. Ricardo Lee<br />VirgilioAlmario<br />EfrenAbueg<br />Ave Perez Jacob<br />DominadorMirasol<br />Filipino Writers during the period<br />
  7. 7. 1972 MgaKaluluwa Sa Kumunoy, Efren R. Abueg<br />1973 Mister Mo, Lover Boy Ko , Efren R. Abueg <br />1972 Kumusta Si Peter , Benjamin Pascual<br />Works in this Period<br />
  8. 8. Ave Perez Jacob is a Filipino writer, columnist, literary critic and novelist popular for his socio-political works. He was one of few Tagalog writers who popularized short stories with theme of injustice and tragedy set on the realistic portrayal of poverty during the 1960&apos;s. His short story &quot;Guwardiya&quot; won a Palanca awards in 1975. He is also the author of the novel &quot;SibolsamgaGuho.&quot; Prof. Ave Perez Jacob was honored by the UnyonngmgaManunulatsaPilipinas (UMPIL) with “2001 GawadPambansangAlagadniBalagtas” for his socio-realist novels and short stories.<br />Ave perez Jacob<br />
  9. 9. a Filipino scriptwriter. He has written more than a hundred film scripts since 1979, earning for him more than 50 trophies from award-giving bodies. <br />Ricky Lee has published a screenplay manual, Trip to Quiapo, which is a required text in most communications courses.<br />Ricardo Lee<br />
  10. 10. Wrote GintoangKayamunggingLupa<br />DominadorMirasol<br />
  11. 11. also known as Rio Alma, cuts a tall and controversial figure in contemporary Filipino literature. Born in the rural town of San Miguel in Bulacan, he first casts a public figure as a teacher in the locality’s public high school. Even then, he was already seeking others who shared the same interest in language by spending most of his Saturdays with poet friends at the University of the East, where he eventually enrolled in a Master’s course in Education.<br />VirgilioAlmario<br />
  12. 12. He re-merged in mid-1973 weakened by and old lung ailment, blacklisted by the military as a suspected communist, and barred from his teaching post in the University. At this time he organized in his apartment the first of his weekend workshops for young poets, the Galiansa Arte at Tula (GAT).<br />He managed to teach again, enrolled as a graduate student at UP, got elected as president of the newly revived UP Writers Club and editor of the Literary Apprentice, and went into editing and writing work. In 1977 he accepted a project to head the Nutrition Center of the Philippines’ publishing house for children’s books — his other devotion. This became the Children’s Communication Center, publisher of the famous Adarna Books series, and now one of the most successful publishing houses of children’s literature in the country.<br />VirgilioAlmario<br />

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