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Ussa Arizona

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Ussa Arizona

  1. 1. U.S.S. Arizona<br />Stephanie Ross<br />Samantha Smeltzer<br />
  2. 2. Construction<br />During 1917 residents of Arizona organized a fund raising campaign to pay for the Arizona. <br />Arizona experienced considerable problems with the engine during trials,<br />the blades were striped from one the turbines, requiring months to replace. The work was finished in March 1917.<br />On March 16, 1914 the New York Navy Yard laid down the keel to begin construction of battleship number 39, which would later be named Arizona.<br />The ship was launched on June 19, 1915. <br />Miss Esther Ross christened the ship with a bottle of the first water to pass over the spillway of Roosevelt Dam.<br />Construction continued on the floating hull and the ship was finished on October 17, 1916. <br />
  3. 3. Arizona<br />Length: 608’<br />Armament: Twelve 14" guns; twenty-two 5" guns; four 3" guns; two 21" torpedo tubes<br /><ul><li> Launched on November </li></ul>16, 1916 from New York<br /><ul><li> Hull Number: BB-39</li></li></ul><li>Service<br />Service years: 1918-1941<br />November 1918 the Arizona sailed for Europe to join Battleship Division Six serving with the British Grand Fleet<br />During the years between the world wars, Arizona carried on with the routine of a Navy ship in peace time, conducting training, gunnery practice, fleet exercises, cruises and routine shipyard maintenance.<br />In 1920 the Arizona began to carry airplanes on board for scouting and spotting the fall of shells from the ship's guns.<br />Arizona operated with the Battle Fleet.<br />The Warner Brothers movie Here Comes the Navy used the Arizona as one of it's locations during spring of 1934.<br />
  4. 4. Attack on Pearl Harbor<br />December 7, 1941<br />Shortly before 8:00, Japanese aircrafts struck the Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor<br />Arizona’s alarm went off about 7:55.<br />Arizona came under attack almost immediately, and at about 8:10 received a hit by a 800-kilogram bomb hitting the starboard side. <br />Within a few seconds the forward part of the ship exploded.<br />Right away eight bomb hits; one hit on the forecastle.<br />An explosion went through the forward part of the ship, which caused fierce fires that burned for two days.<br />
  5. 5. Attack on Pearl Harbor<br />Many of the survivors showed courage in assisting their shipmates to safety.<br />The blast from Arizona blew men off the decks of surrounding ships and threw tons of debris, including parts of bodies, all over the harbor. <br />Arizona was hit by one or possibly two torpedoes<br />
  6. 6. Effects of Pearl Harbor<br />The majority of the crew members were either killed by the explosion and fire or were trapped by the rapid sinking of the ship.<br />1,177 of her crew, a total loss.<br />The damage was so bad that very little of the superstructure lay above water.<br />There were many heroes on the Arizona: Lt. Samuel G. Fuqua, the ship's damage control officer, earned a medal of honor.<br />
  7. 7. Losses<br />U.S.<br />Japan<br />2388 <br />1998 <br />109 <br />233 <br />48 <br />1178 <br />710 <br />69 <br />364 <br />35 <br />12 <br />9 <br />164 <br />159<br />64<br />unknown<br />5 <br />29<br />74<br />Personnel Killed<br />Navy<br />Marine Corps <br />Army & Army Air Corps <br />Civilian<br />Personnel Wounded<br />Navy<br />Marine Corps <br />Army & Army Air Corps <br />Civilian<br />Ships<br />Sunk or Beached <br />Damaged<br />Aircraft<br />Destroyed <br />Damaged<br />
  8. 8. Recovery<br />Efforts were made to recover the bodies of the crew and the ship's records<br />The bodies of at least 900 crewmen remained in the ship. <br />1942- salvage work to recover as much as possible began. <br />The masts and superstructure were removed for scrap <br />The two turrets were salvaged for use at shore batteries on Hawaii. <br />The forward part of the ship had received the most damage, and only the guns of turret two were removed while turret one was left in place.<br />
  9. 9. Memorial<br />1950- the tradition of raising and lowering the colors over the ship daily was started. <br />1958- legislation passed the authorization of the Navy to build a memorial.<br />1960- construction began and the memorial was dedicated on Memorial Day, 1962.<br />1980- a visitor's center on shore was opened and the operation of the memorial was turned over to the National Park Service. <br />During the 1980's, the Park Service conducted a survey of Arizona.<br />
  10. 10. Memorial<br />184-foot-long <br />three main sections: the entry and assembly rooms; a central area designed for ceremonies and general observation; and the shrine room,<br />where the names of those killed on the Arizona are engraved on the marble wall.<br />
  11. 11. Sources<br />http://www.nps.gov/archive/usar/ExtendWeb1.html<br />http://www.library.arizona.edu/exhibits/ussarizona/history/history.html<br />http://www.pastfoundation.org/Arizona/ArizonaHistory.htm<br />http://www.ussarizona.org/history/index.html<br />http://www.chinfo.navy.mil/navpalib/ships/battleships/arizona/bb39-ariz.html<br />

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