Organized Crime


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Power Point Presentation on Organized Crime in the United States

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Organized Crime

  1. 1. Organized Crime: The role of the Federal Government Mike McCarry
  2. 2. Thesis Statement <ul><li>“ The United States Government has taken action in controlling forms or organized crime in the past, as they still do in today’s modern world, and as they need to continue to control in the future.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction to Organized Crime <ul><li>Organized crime is “any group having some manner of a formalized structure and whose primary objective is to obtain money through illegal activities”. </li></ul><ul><li>Many different faces, from illustrious Italian Mafia, Soviet Russians, Nigerians, Chinese, Japanese, and European nations such as Hungary and Romania </li></ul>
  4. 4. Past <ul><li>First organization of criminals came to U.S when Italian immigrants arrived in early 1800’s </li></ul><ul><li>Cammora Mafia, Sacra Corona Unita Mafia, and Sicilian Mafia (which held the most influence) </li></ul><ul><li>Began drug trafficking and money laundering </li></ul>
  5. 5. Past <ul><li>Sicilian Mafia most influential- money laundering, racketeering, drug trafficking became easy to them </li></ul><ul><li>Not until early 1900’s that federal and state law enforcement took active stance against organized crime </li></ul>
  6. 6. Past- First Big Bust <ul><li>1929- Al Capone who ruled an empire of organized crime </li></ul><ul><li>Fed’s went to his house to subpoena him as a witness to another crime, he told them he was sick and was later seen vacationing in the Bahamas </li></ul><ul><li>Cited for contempt of court, released on bail </li></ul>
  7. 7. Past- First Big Bust <ul><li>Arrested again for gun possession, in jail for short time </li></ul><ul><li>While in jail, FBI gained enough evidence to arrest him for failing to pay income taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Locked up in Alcatraz for 11 years, died soon after his release </li></ul><ul><li>This was first look at aggressive stance against organized crime in U.S </li></ul>
  8. 8. Past- R.I.C.O <ul><li>1970- Racketeering Influence and Corrupt Organizations Act was passed </li></ul><ul><li>Gave authorities much more broad power to target entire criminal enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Now able to pin crimes on top “bosses” for their connections in the crimes that they ordered to be carried out by hit-men </li></ul>
  9. 9. Past- John Gotti <ul><li>Also known as “Teflon Don”, influential mobster of 1970’s-80’s </li></ul><ul><li>In and out of prison throughout life, important name for Gambino crime family in New York </li></ul><ul><li>Break for FBI came in early 1980’s when wire taps gave away inside information on criminal activities against Gotti </li></ul>
  10. 10. Past- John Gotti <ul><li>Gotti was seen driving away from a crime scene where he had ordered another Mafia boss to be murdered </li></ul><ul><li>FBI built a strong case based on video surveillance and wire taps worn by Mafia informants </li></ul><ul><li>Arrested Gotti for racketeering, extortion, jury tampering, and murder </li></ul><ul><li>Gotti died in jail </li></ul>
  11. 11. Present <ul><li>Many ethnic groups began to take part in organized crime </li></ul><ul><li>Asian criminal enterprise has been in US since 1900’s and evolved from Chinese Tongs- social organizations formed by early Chinese Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Now many Asian nations have joined together to form a fairly strong group of organized criminals </li></ul><ul><li>The Asian nations that are involved are: China, Japan, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam </li></ul>
  12. 12. Present <ul><li>The Asian criminal enterprise conducts crimes such as: extortion, murder, kidnapping, smuggling aliens, heroin trafficking, and counterfeiting goods </li></ul><ul><li>Fed’s have set up The National Police Agency of Japan Working Groups- discuss criminal investigations dealing with Asian crime groups </li></ul>
  13. 13. Present <ul><li>African crime groups are developing quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Nations that are involved include: Nigeria, Ghana, and Liberia </li></ul><ul><li>Operate in over 80 countries and do most crimes through new technology and communications </li></ul><ul><li>Heroin trafficking </li></ul>
  14. 14. Present <ul><li>African criminal enterprise cost the United States an estimated 2 billion dollars last year through financial fraud </li></ul><ul><li>FBI set up The Department of Justice Nigerian Crime Initiative in order to better prosecute African organized criminals </li></ul><ul><li>Despite hard work, the group continues to grow </li></ul>
  15. 15. Future <ul><li>I believe there is a very promising future for organized crime in America </li></ul><ul><li>Although crime organizations may change their methods, there will always be some type of illegal activities being executed by groups of criminals </li></ul>
  16. 16. Future <ul><li>Although laws were passed to make crimes such as racketeering and extortion harder to commit, other more complex crimes are beginning to be executed by criminals such as: computer fraud, tax fraud, and bank fraud </li></ul><ul><li>These crimes are being executed by means of technology which makes it much harder to be caught and prosecuted by law enforcement </li></ul>
  17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>Organized crime will remain a problem, regardless of the efforts made by law enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>All people want the same thing: power, money and security, all of which come with organized crime </li></ul><ul><li>This, plus the consistent flow of immigrants and minority groups in the US, organized crime will continue to be a problem until the end of government </li></ul>
  18. 18. Organized Crime Cartoons
  19. 19. <ul><li>“ As long as we are a society that rests on greed, that neglects its poor and that promotes materialism in the media, organized crime in all of its aspects- no matter what language it speaks- will continue to plunder our nation” ~ William Kleinknecht </li></ul>