Features and Examples of Post Modernism

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Features and Examples of Post Modernism

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Features of a Post-modern Society<br />1. The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society.<br />2. An emphasis on style at the expense of substance and content.<br />3. The breakdown of a distinction between high culture (art) and <br /> popular culture.<br />Confusions over time and space.<br />5. The decline of the meta – narrative (i.e the absolute universal and all<br /> embracing claims to knowledge like science or religion).<br /> <br />
  3. 3. The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society<br />The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society<br />the<br />the<br />of the mass media and popular culture mean they govern and shape other forms of social relationship<br />The distinction<br />The<br /><ul><li>Mass culture is now so influential it is no longer ‘holding a mirror up to society’ – it is society.
  4. 4. The distinction between media and reality has collapsed
  5. 5. So new art/media artefacts are influenced by ones previous to it.
  6. 6. Po-Mo theorists reject the notion of originality and authorship – all new producers can do is re-use and adapt.
  7. 7. Simulacrum – a copy of a copy (of a copy)
  8. 8. Intertextuality – Using other texts in a ‘new’ one</li></li></ul><li>Andre 3000 / Outkast<br />Simulacrum<br />“A copy of a copy of a copy”<br />“There is no such thing as originality”<br />“The distinction between media and reality has collapsed”<br />Mick Jagger<br />Bo Diddley<br />Chuck Berry<br />
  9. 9. Simulacrum<br />“A copy of a copy of a copy”<br />“There is no such thing as originality”<br />“The distinction between media and reality has collapsed”<br />‘Venice’, Las Vegas<br />Pyramid Hotel, Las Vegas<br />Venice, Italy<br />The great Pyramids - Egypt<br />
  10. 10. Simulacrum<br />“A copy of a copy of a copy”<br />“There is no such thing as originality”<br />“The distinction between media and reality has collapsed”<br />The Trafford Centre, Manchester<br />
  11. 11. Simulacrum<br />“A copy of a copy of a copy”<br />“There is no such thing as originality”<br />“The distinction between media and reality has collapsed”<br />Anvil! The Story of Anvil - 2008<br />Simulacrum<br />This is Spinal Tap – 1984<br />Kiss<br />
  12. 12. Intertextuality<br />Anvil! The Story of Anvil - 2008<br />The Simpsons Vs George Bush Sr.<br />The Simpsons reference A Clockwork Orange<br />Intertextuality is when one media text references another.<br />Intertextuality mixes forms, genres, conventions, media; it dissolves boundaries between high and low art, between the serious and the comic<br />Fight Club references Ikea catalogue (foreign language version)<br />
  13. 13. Mixing of Styles<br />Hybrid Genres<br />
  14. 14. Intertextuality<br />Intertextuality is when one media text references another.<br />Intertextuality mixes forms, genres, conventions, media; it dissolves boundaries between high and low art, between the serious and the comic<br />
  15. 15. Pastiche<br />In modernity, there is parody, which ridicules by exaggerating the distance of the original text from “normal” discourse.<br /> In Post modernity, there is pastiche, a “blank” parody; there’s no sense of a distance from any norm.<br />Jedward on Xfactor<br />Blue Harvest - 2<br />Britney Spears (2:40)<br />
  16. 16. The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society<br />Confusions over time and space<br />the<br />the<br />of the mass media and popular culture mean they govern and shape other forms of social relationship<br />The distinction<br />The<br />Travel across the globe is swift, inexpensive and possible for most people. <br />Most people have a fair knowledge of other cultures due to news / documentary programmes on television<br />The internet has broken down space and time barriers<br />24 Hr Cities<br />Satellite Link ups<br />
  17. 17. Confusions over time and space<br />
  18. 18. The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society<br />An emphasis on style at the expense of substance and content.<br />the<br />the<br />of the mass media and popular culture mean they govern and shape other forms of social relationship<br />The distinction<br />The<br />The visual and stylistic impact becomes more important than the meaning / message<br />Media texts which defy interpretation<br />Retro / Nostalgia<br />Shallow – Empty?<br />
  19. 19. Style over substance<br />
  20. 20. The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society<br />The breakdown of a distinction between high culture (art) and popular culture.<br />the<br />the<br />of the mass media and popular culture mean they govern and shape other forms of social relationship<br />The distinction<br />The<br />According to Post-modernists, high and low culture are of equal worth<br />Against the ‘elitism’ of high modernism.<br />Text which contain elements of high and low culture<br />Treating ‘low art’ or ‘popular culture’ as if they where high art pieces. <br />
  21. 21. The breakdown of a distinction between high culture (art) and popular culture.<br />High Art<br />Fine Art<br />Opera<br />Ballet<br />Classical Music<br />Classic Literature<br />Art Cinema<br />Sculpture<br />Popular Culture (low art)<br />Advertising<br />Pop Music<br />Genre Films<br />Television<br />Pulp Fiction or trashy novels<br />Pornography<br />Music Videos<br />
  22. 22. Mixing of High and Low art<br />
  23. 23. The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society<br />The decline of the meta - narrative<br />the<br />the<br />of the mass media and popular culture mean they govern and shape other forms of social relationship<br />The distinction<br />The<br />A meta – narrative is a narrative or story which claims to explain something totally – ie, Christianity, Marxism.<br />Because society is so fragmented, we live by individual, ‘hand picked’ beliefs rather than collective ones. <br />Post-modern texts reflect this state of being by being ambiguous in their meaning, message. They defy an ‘absolute truth’. <br />

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