Apartheid In South Africa (2)


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Apartheid In South Africa (2)

  1. 1. Apartheid in South Africa By: Marissa Sacca
  2. 2. Essential Question <ul><li>How is apartheid important to Africa’s history? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why I chose apartheid and what I already know <ul><li>I think apartheid was a very big and important issue in South African history and to hear about what happened to the citizens that lived there. </li></ul><ul><li>I already know that apartheid is a set of laws that allowed to treat people differently based on their race. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Population <ul><li>While apartheid was in occurrence, there wasn’t an even balance of both whites and blacks. </li></ul><ul><li>There were 19 million blacks living in South Africa and only 4.5 million whites living in South Africa. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Effects of Apartheid <ul><li>There were many effects for the black people living in South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Any black person above the age of 16 has to carry around a pass book with them at all times. </li></ul><ul><li>The pass books included fingerprints, photograph, personal details of employment, permission from the government to be in a particular place in the country, qualifications to work or seek work in the area, and an employer’s reports on worker performance and behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Each year, over 250,000 blacks were arrested for technical offenses under the pass laws. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Effects of apartheid (cont.) <ul><li>They were also given homelands which were independent states which each African was assigned by the government according to the record of origin. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Important People and the ending <ul><li>Even though there were many people involved in apartheid, a few of them are still famous today for their actions. </li></ul><ul><li>F.W. de Klerk became the first president of South Africa in 1989. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1990 Nelson Mandela was released from jail and he was determined to end apartheid. He gained many supporters and the government repealed the last laws supporting apartheid in 1991, allowing democracy to be brought into the country. </li></ul><ul><li>The democracy of South Africa was completely established in 1996 and Nelson Mandela became the first black president. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What surprised me? <ul><li>What surprised me was how many people were against apartheid or supported it and how the blacks were treated during apartheid. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Questions I Still Have <ul><li>Why did apartheid occur? </li></ul><ul><li>Who didn’t want it to end? </li></ul><ul><li>Why didn’t it end earlier then it did? </li></ul><ul><li>Did anyone else try to end it? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Research and Pictures Sites <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>http://www-cs-students.stanford.edu/~cale/cs201/apartheid.hist.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://home.snu.edu/~dwilliam/f97projects/apartheid/EndofApartheid.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.africanaencyclopedia.com/apartheid/apartheid.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.state.gov/r/ho/time/pcw/98678.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://home.snu.edu/~dwilliam/f97projects/apartheid/history.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>http://www-cs-students.stanford.edu/~cale/cs201/apartheid.hist.html </li></ul>