Assignment For Week 1


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Assignment For Week 1

  1. 1. DESTEP : SOUTH-AMERICA Demography : • Venezuela This country of South-america count 26,023,528 inhabitants (est july 2007) , 93.4 % of this population live in the urban area. Most of Venezuela's people are descended in part from forebearers of Europeans, indigenous Venezuelan Amerindians, and Africans transported as slaves. The official language is spanish but there are numerous native languages. This population is relatively young, the people between 15-64 years represent 63.4 %. The fertility rate is around 2.55 children per woman. 96 % of the population belongs to the Roman catholic Church and approximately 2 % is Protestant. The rate of literacy in th country is around 93.4%, 93.8% for men and 93.1% for women.
  2. 2. • Chile The official name of Chile is Républiva de Chile. The form of government is a republic and is controlled by Michelle Bachelet. The whole area of the country is 756.626 km2 , if you will compromise this with the Netherlands Chile is 18,2x bigger than that little land. The capitol is Santiago. In 2006 there were 16,4 million inhabitants. The population of Chile grows every year with 1,1 percent, this is concluded by a research over the years 2002-2006. It is expected that the population will be reach to 20.2 million by 2050. The Chilean population consist of White and White-mestizos people, this segment is a mixed races between colonial Spanishin. There are some different languages in Chile; Spanish, Quechua, Aymará, Mapudungun and Rapa Nui. But the first spoken language is Spanish. The most people in Chile are catholic, more than 89 percent of them. 11 percent of the inhabitants are protestant. The church and the sate are officially separate In Chile came many people over the last 150 years. So they have a mixed identity: from Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Argentina, Uruguay and of course Chile. Many families arrived from Spain and out the south of France.
  3. 3. • Brazil Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil is a country in South America. It is the fifth largest country by geographical area, occupying nearly half of South America. It is also the fifth most populous country and the fourth most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of over more than 7491 kilometers. The largest city in Brazil is São Paulo and the official language is Portuguese. 49,7% of the population is white, and 42.6% pardo (brown) The total area is about 8,5 million square meters and there live almost about 200 million people
  4. 4. Economy • Venezuela The economy of Venezuela is based in large part on oil. The petroleum sector dominates the economy, accounting for roughly a third of GDP, around 80% of export earnings, and more than half of government operating revenues. From the 1950s to the early 1980s the Venezuelan economy was the strongest in South America. The continuous growth during that period attracted many immigrants. During the collapse of oil prices during the 1980s the economy contracted. With the recent rise in oil prices and rising government expenditures, Venezuela's economy grew by 9% in 2007. However, there is still considerable income inequality. Despite this, the fall on oil prices that started on September 2008 may trigger an increase on poverty levels again. The currency is the Bolívar fuerte. The GDP is 334,6 billion and it has a growth of 8,3%. 12,3% of the population lives in poverty and the unemployment is 6,2%. Venezuela’s main industries are petroleum, construction materials, steel, tourism, textiles and toys.
  5. 5. • Chile Chile has a dynamic market-oriented economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade. Growth in real GDP averaged 8% during the period 1991-1997, but fell to half that level in 1998 because of tight monetary policies implemented to keep the current account deficit in check and because of lower export earnings - the latter a product of the global financial crisis. Chile's economy has since recovered and has seen growth rates of 5-7% over the past several years. In 2006, Chile became the country with the highest nominal GDP per capita in Latin America.[1] Even though the exceptional Chilean economic results, its unequal income distribution remains a major challenge for the current and future administrations. The Global Competitiveness Report for 2007-2008 ranks Chile as being the 26th most competitive country in the world and the first in Latin America. The currency is the Chilean peso. The GDP is 2 billion dollars and it has a growth of 4,8%. 13,7% lives in poverty and the unemployment is 7%. Chile’s main industries are aircrafts, copper and other minerals, wood, textiles and fish.
  6. 6. • Brazil Brazil has a moderate free market and export-oriented economy. Measured nominally, its gross domestic product surpasses a trillion dollars, the tenth in the world and the second in the Americas; measured by purchasing power parity. Brazil's main trade partners are: the EU (26% of trade), Mercosur and Latin America (25%), Asia (16%), the United States (14.3%), and others (18.7%). The owner of a sophisticated technological sector, Brazil develops projects that range from submarines to aircraft and is involved in space research: the country possesses a satellite launching center and was the only country in the Southern Hemisphere to integrate the team responsible for the construction of the International Space Station (ISS).[12] It is also a pioneer in many fields, including ethanol production. Brazil is also a pioneer in the fields of deep water oil research from where 73% of its reserves are extracted.[11] The currency is the Brazilian real. The GDP is 1.944 trillion dollars and it has a growth of 6,8%. 23,5% of the population lives in poverty and the unemployment is 7,6%. Brazil its main industries are airplanes, machine building, steel, toys, electronics and tourism.