Investigating Dieters’ Body Image and childhood attachment <br />Participant Information Sheet <br />It has been suggested that childhood attachment experiences can influence adults’ body image concerns. I’m interested in exploring this relationship as part of my 3rd year project in psychology and I would be very grateful if you would like to take part in this study. <br />What will participation involve? – This research involves completing a few questions concerning your demographics data and a brief questionnaire about your body image and your childhood attachment.<br />How long will participation take? – The questionnaire will take approximately 10 minutes to complete.<br />Your participation is voluntary and you may cease to take part in this study at any time. If you agree to take part your personal data will remain anonymous and confidential. If you would like to take part in the study, please sign the consent form below. If you wish to withdraw from the study at anytime please email me with the participant number at the top of this form. If you would like anymore information about this study please feel free to contact me or my supervisor.<br />Thank you, Marina Apelbaum (3rd year BSc student, UWE)<br />Supervisor: Dr Emma Halliwell, Emma.Halliwell@uwe.ac.uk<br />Investigation Dieters’ Body Image and childhood attachment<br />Consent Form<br />I have read and understood the information sheet, and give consent to participate:<br />Participant’s Name: ______________<br />Participant’s Signature:_________________ Date:__________<br />Thank you, Marina Apelbaum (3rd year BSc student, UWE)<br />You can withdraw your data from this research at any time without giving justification by contacting me and quoting your participant number at the following email address:<br />email@example.com <br />Demographics<br />What is your ethnicity? _______________________<br />Please identify your sex: (please tick)<br />Male__ Female__<br />How old are you? ________<br />What is your weight? _______________<br />What is your height? _______________<br />Do you exercise/diet for esthetical or health reasons ? If other please explain. <br />Attachment Style Questionnaire <br />Using the following scale please select a number that comes closest to how you feel<br />Strongly disagreeDisagreeDisagree a littleAgree a littleAgreeStrongly agree123456I feel at ease in emotional relationships 123456I would like to be open to others but I feel that I can't trust other people123456I would like to have close relationships with other people but I find it difficult to fully trust them123456I prefer that others are independent of me and I am independent of them123456I often wonder whether people like me123456I avoid close ties123456I have the impression that usually I like others better than they like me123456I trust other people and I like it when other people can rely on me123456I am often afraid that other people don't like me123456It is important to me to be independent123456I find it easy to get engaged in close relationships with other people123456I feel at ease in intimate relationship123456I like to be self-sufficient123456<br />Body Part Satisfaction Scale <br />Using the following scale please select a number that comes closest to how you feel<br />Extremely dissatisfiedQuite dissatisfiedSome-what dissatisfiedSome-what satisfiedQuite satisfiedExtremely satisfied123456Face (facial features,complexion, hair)123456Upper torso (chest or breasts,shoulders, arms)123456Mid torso (waist, stomach)123456Lower torso (buttocks, hips,legs, ankles)123456Muscle tone123456Height123456Weight123456Overall appearance123456<br />The Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS)<br />Using the following scale please select a number that comes closest to how you feel <br />NeverSeldomSometimesOftenAlways12345At parties or other social events, I compare my physical appearance to the physical appearance of others.12345The best way for a person to know if they are overweight or underweight is to compare their figure to the figure of others. 12345At parties or other social events, I compare how I am dressed to how other people are dressed.12345Comparing your "
to the "
of others is a bad way to determine if you are attractive or unattractive. 12345In social situations, I sometimes compare my figure to the figures of other people.12345<br />Comparison to Models Survey <br />Using the following scale please select a number that comes closest to how you feel <br />NeverOnce in a whileAbout half of the timeMost of the timeAlways12345When you see models of your own sex in magazines, how often do you compare yourself to themIn general?12345In terms of career success? 12345In terms of eating habits?12345In terms of exercise habits? 12345In terms of happiness?12345In terms of intelligence?12345In terms of physical appearance 12345In terms of popularity?12345<br />Restriced Diet Questionnaire<br />Using the following scale please select a number that comes closest to how you feel <br />Strongly disagreeDisagreeDisagree a littleAgree a littleAgreeStrongly agree123456When I smell very nice food, I find it difficult to keep from eating it, even if I have just had a meal.123456I deliberately take small helpings as a means of controlling my weight.123456When I feel anxious, I find myself eating.123456Sometimes when I start eating, I just can’t seem to stop.123456Being with someone who is eating often makes me hungry enough to eat also123456When I feel blue, I often overeat.123456When I see a real delicacy, I often get so hungry that I have to eat right away.123456I get so hungry that my stomach often seems like a bottomless pit123456I am always hungry so it is hard for me to stop eating before I finish the food on my plate.123456When I feel lonely, I console myself by eating.123456I consciously hold back at meals in order not to gain weight.123456I do not eat some foods because they make me fat.123456I am always hungry enough to eat at any time 123456<br />How frequently do you avoid "
on tempting foods?<br />Almost neverseldomusuallyAlmost always1234<br />How likely are you to consciously eat less than you want?<br />UnlikelySlightly likelyModerately likelyVery likely1234<br />Do you go on eating binges though you are not hungry?<br />NeverRarelySometimesAt least once a week1234<br />On a scale of 1 to 8, where 1 means no restraint in eating (eating whatever you want, whenever you want it) and 8 means total restraint (constantly limiting food intake and never "
), what number would you give yourself? <br />Investigating Dieters’ Body Image and childhood attachment <br />Participant Debrief Sheet<br />Thank you for participating in my research. Your help is very valuable.<br />Background to the research<br />It is suggested that children raised by carers who were emotionally unavailable, grow up with a model of themselves as unworthy of love and perceive the other as unloving (Bowlby, 1969). As adults, they tend to have problems with intimacy and loving relationships and they develop insecure strategies to deal with their pain such as self-criticism (Feeney et al, 1993). This seems to be related to the development of body dissatisfaction (weight anxiety, body image concerns, body shape and body surveillance) (Bamford & Halliwell, 2009).<br />Overall, previous studies that examined body dissatisfaction in relation to eating disorders imply that it plays a role in the development of eating disorders (Johnson & Wardle, 2005; Troisi et al., 2006).<br />The question being addressed in this study is what is the influence of attachment in relation to body dissatisfaction, eating disorders, and social comparison when comparing a population of female and male dieters?<br />It is expected that individuals with insecure attachment may be more at risk of developing body dissatisfaction.<br />This study should not be the cause of any distress. However, if you experience any problem during or in relation to your participation with this research, you can contact your doctor.<br />Thank you for your time and participation, Marina Apelbaum (3rd year BSc student, UWE)<br />Supervisor: Dr Emma Halliwell, Emma.Halliwell@uwe.ac.uk <br />