Kristina Rallmann


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Estonian Defence Forces Libraries
Twin Cities Conference: Innovation into Practise- New Service Concepts, Helsinki and Turku, Finland, 13-16 May 2009

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Kristina Rallmann

  1. 1. Kristina Rallmann Headquarters of Estonian Defence Forces
  2. 2.  Our history can be divided into two phases:  First period in 1918-1940  Second started in 1991
  3. 3. The first military libray in the territory of Estonia was established in 1847 – The Marine Officer´s library
  4. 4. Libraries were founded together with the defence forces Firstly mentioned in the newspaper “Sotsiaaldemokraat” in 1917 Officers called the nation to give books to the soldiers as gifts
  5. 5.  No finances for new literature  No directions  No specialised librarians  Classification of books and circulation system did not exist
  6. 6.  By 1926 there were 20 libraries  Special course for librarians was held in 1926  In 1927 appeared in print a book “A handbook for the organisation of the defence force libraries”
  7. 7.  Specific two-steps classification  In the General Staff library were constructed preferred-lists of military books  The directions how to bind and lend books were given out
  8. 8.  The last message from the military library have appeared in 1939  In 1940 the Soviet Union occupied Estonia  The defence forces were liquidated  Our libaries stopped existing
  9. 9.  In 1991 Estonia started to rebuild our national defence  Military libraries started from zero  Most of the units were formed in 1992 and 1993  Libraries were established by the staff of the units
  10. 10.  Estonians from outside the country collected books through donations  An article about poor conditions of libraries appeared in print in aprill 2000  Officers had been turned to the public for donations
  11. 11.  It was advertised a campaign “Give a book for soldier”  40 000 books were gathered  We got only fiction, not military literature
  12. 12.  Libraries of units worked individually  Problems and concerns were identical  An idea of formulating a one central defence force libary turned up
  13. 13.  Headquarters library was opened in 4. of May 2004  Library started to serve Headquarters of Defence Forces and Headquarters of Naval Force, Air Force and Land Force
  14. 14.  Preliminary plan was to start with 3 different fields of operation: 1. Creating the set of defence force libraries 2. To be ready for developing into a central library of the defence forces 3. Start with Estonian military bibliographic database
  15. 15.  We started up by uniting the 2 libary databases into one  After that we started to connect all the libaries step-by-step  We organised a training to librarians how to use electronic catalog and how organise electronic circulation
  16. 16. 14 libraries joined with us
  17. 17.  Headquarters and Estonian Defence College libraries are special libraries in militay area  Libraries in Units :  A place for soldier to spend his free time  A place to borrow books to read  They almost don´t have special military literature, except manuals and textbooks
  18. 18.  I compared books in foreign languages in my libary with other bigger scientific libraries funds  75 % of the books we have in our library are uniq in Estonia
  19. 19.  Started to compose in 2007 in collaboration with Baltic Defence College library
  20. 20.  The aim of the database is to register all the books, newspapers and magazines in Estonian language about military matters  Includes collection of articles about Estonian Defence Forces and Estonian military history
  21. 21.  Includes rare Estonian militay books in pdf- format (in collaboration with National Library EOD-project)  Reader can find a list of undergraduate papers, master´s and doctorate thesis and scientific publication issued bu employees of defence forces (bibliographic records only)
  22. 22.  Our libraries have become quite important units in the structure of Estonian Defence Forces  In institutions libary is very good instrument to motivate employees
  23. 23.  We hope that leaders of Estonian Defence Forces will continue to support the development and existence of military libraries