Alphabet

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Alphabet

  1. 1. Hieroglyphics A brief history
  2. 2. What, Where, Why? <ul><li>Ancient Egyptians called this mdju netjer – “words of the gods” </li></ul><ul><li>Name comes from the Greek ta hieroglyphica “the sacred carved letters” </li></ul><ul><li>The earliest and longest lasting form of Egyptian script (3000 B.C. to 500 B.C.) </li></ul><ul><li>Consisted of at least 700 symbols. </li></ul><ul><li>Began as a way of writing text onto surfaces but ended up as a religious usage. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How? <ul><li>Ancient Egyptians used brushes made out of reed plants </li></ul><ul><li>For the ink they mixed ashes with water </li></ul><ul><li>They used stones as a surface but then evolved to papyrus, which is made out of reed stems. </li></ul>
  4. 4. A Language of Symbols <ul><li>Each symbol had more than one use </li></ul><ul><li>One symbol alone could have up to 3 different meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the symbols were phonetic or just a symbol </li></ul>
  5. 5. Numbers
  6. 6. Rosetta Stone <ul><li>Discovered in 1799 in Rosetta, Egypt by Napoleon’s Army </li></ul><ul><li>Contained a passage translated in three different languages: Greek, demotic, and hieroglyphics. </li></ul><ul><li>The rock is 45” by 30” and about 12” deep, weighing 1,676 lbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Is found at the British Museum since 1802. </li></ul>

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