Research

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Research

  1. 1. Research <ul><li>Public Speaking / Summer 2008 </li></ul>
  2. 2. What Makes Good Evidence? <ul><li>Peer review </li></ul><ul><li>Circulation </li></ul><ul><li>Time & Judiciousness </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fountains of Evidence <ul><li>PITTcat: Books, scholarly journal articles </li></ul><ul><li>Online databases: journal articles, newspaper articles, law reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Internet: newspaper articles, journal articles </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative sources: historical examples, narratives, poetry, music </li></ul>
  4. 4. Evidence Pyramid
  5. 5. Evidence Pyramid <ul><li>“ Academic” books </li></ul><ul><li>Peer-reviewed journals </li></ul><ul><li>“ Popular press” books </li></ul><ul><li>Specialist/non-profit websites & expert blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Reputable magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Reputable National Newspapers (NYT, WaPo, LAT) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Evidence Pyramid <ul><li>Reputable Local Newspapers (PPG, PTR) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Think tanks” </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Personal web pages & blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Random crap you find via Google </li></ul><ul><li>Tabloids </li></ul>
  7. 7. Library Main Page
  8. 8. Find Books and More
  9. 9. Find Articles
  10. 10. Databases A-Z
  11. 11. Easy Search
  12. 12. Power Search
  13. 13. Boolean Searches <ul><li>The truncation (!) and wildcard (*) characters let you easily combine or eliminate search terms, making your search simpler </li></ul><ul><li>! Finds a root word plus all the terms made by adding letters to the end of it: </li></ul><ul><li>recycl! finds &quot;recycle,&quot; &quot;recycling&quot; and &quot;recyclable.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>* Holds one space for a character at any point in a word: </li></ul><ul><li>bernst**n finds the &quot;ei&quot; and the &quot;ie&quot; spelling of the name. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Boolean Searches <ul><li>Link the search terms using connectors. </li></ul><ul><li>Connectors such as OR, AND, W/N, and so on define relationships between your search terms. For example, </li></ul><ul><li>recycl! W/25 fast food W/10 container OR package </li></ul><ul><li>finds documents where either &quot;container&quot; or &quot;package&quot; is within 10 words of &quot;fast food,&quot; and &quot;fast food&quot; is within 25 words of &quot;recycle&quot; (or its variants). </li></ul>
  15. 16. McCain and “Gas Tax”
  16. 19. Using the Internets <ul><li>Wikipedia, ARGH! </li></ul><ul><li>CARS Model of Evidence Quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Credibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reasonableness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul></ul>
  17. 20. CARS: Credibility <ul><li>Credibility </li></ul><ul><li>peer review </li></ul><ul><li>institutional affiliation </li></ul><ul><li>source qualification </li></ul><ul><li>design </li></ul>
  18. 21. CARS: Accuracy <ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>timeliness </li></ul><ul><li>bias (either obvious or not) </li></ul><ul><li>sponsors </li></ul><ul><li>competing evidence / facticity </li></ul>
  19. 22. CARS: Reasonableness <ul><li>Reasonableness </li></ul><ul><li>balance </li></ul><ul><li>fairness—polemic? </li></ul><ul><li>tone </li></ul><ul><li>conflict of interest </li></ul>
  20. 23. CARS: Support <ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>variety of information </li></ul><ul><li>documentation of information </li></ul><ul><li>logically sound </li></ul>
  21. 24. New Tools <ul><li>Google Notebook </li></ul><ul><li>Google Alerts </li></ul><ul><li>Google Scholar </li></ul>

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