1 Environmental Sustainability Ws Tony Vetter


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  • 1 Environmental Sustainability Ws Tony Vetter

    1. 1. Mobile applications for Environmental Sustainability Tony Vetter, Project Officer, Knowledge Communications October 14, 2008
    2. 2. International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) <ul><li>founded in 1990 in response to the Brundtland Commission report “Our Common Future” </li></ul><ul><li>non-profit, non-governmental research institute demonstrating how human ingenuity can sustainably improve the development of our global environment, economy and society </li></ul><ul><li>150 people located in more than 30 countries, conducting research and providing expert knowledge and analysis </li></ul>
    3. 3. Sustainable Development and ICT <ul><li>“ for sustainable development to be effective and efficient, it must harness the institutions and tools of the information society” </li></ul>
    4. 4. ICT Effects Source: ETNO & WWF, 2007, “Saving the Climate @ the Speed of Light”
    5. 5. Implementation Local Global Observation <ul><li>Global Environmental Observation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GIS systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Atmospheric </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetation / Ground Water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surface / Water Temperature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GHG Tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consumption metering </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Atmospheric measurements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mash-ups / SOA / Web 2.0 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Global Action / Management Plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early Warning Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Famine / Drought </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Disasters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon-trading </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation Planning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Agreements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ratification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Local Environmental Observation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness of threats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying impact </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Entry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 / Wiki data logs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SMS / Mobile Phone usage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural adaptation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Local Action / Management Plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access / Allocation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support and Funding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Response Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Early warning response </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict avoidance </li></ul></ul></ul>DIRECT EFFECTS
    6. 6. Indirect and Systemic Effects <ul><li>Capacity to self-organize is a vital tool for people to challenge unsustainable practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to demand their rightful place in developing alternatives for sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to change social and economic structures which negatively affect their communities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ICT has dramatically lowered the transaction costs associated with social organization </li></ul>
    7. 7. What is “Networked Governance”? <ul><li>IISD uses the term “networked governance” to refer to emerging patterns of ICT-enabled interaction that are transforming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic, social and government structures (the information economy and society, wikinomics, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication among individuals, groups and communities (social networking, web 2.0, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactions between natural and artificial environments (the Internet of Things, ubiquitous networks, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These are examples of the “indirect” and “systemic” effects of ICTs </li></ul>
    8. 8. Mobiles – “technically feasible to connect the world” http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/statistics/
    9. 9. Mobile applications for Environmental Sustainability <ul><li>Text Messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory Urbanism </li></ul>
    10. 10. Text Messaging <ul><li>Environmental activism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greenpeace Argentina’s Forest Law campaign </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Product information for consumers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FishMS, Climate Counts, MomsRising </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental alerts for citizens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>airTEXT, Ergo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tracking environmental footprint </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mobGAS </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Wildlife tracking <ul><li>Save the Elephants - Pioneering Animal Tracking Project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safaricom and Vodafone Foundations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sumatra’s Kerinci-Seblat National Park </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fauna and Flora International’s Tiger Protection Units </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Save the Elephants - Pioneering Animal Tracking Project <ul><li>Uses GSM to pinpoint animals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>download an almost continuous stream of data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>longer battery life than before </li></ul></ul><ul><li>reduction in the risk of human/wildlife conflict </li></ul><ul><li>detected unusual movements in the elephant population during severe drought </li></ul>
    13. 13. Fauna and Flora International’s Tiger Protection Units <ul><li>mobile phone technology has contributed directly to the success on several occasions, and led to the arrest of poachers, brokers and corrupt politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Camera phones have enabled compiling of rogues’ gallery of dealers, brokers and poachers without their knowledge. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Participatory Urbanism <ul><li>Cambridge Mobile Urban Sensing (CamMobSens) </li></ul><ul><li>SensorPlanet - Nokia Research Center </li></ul><ul><li>Intel Research and UC Berkeley - Urban Atmospheres </li></ul><ul><li>UCLA Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS) - Urban Sensing </li></ul>
    15. 15. Widespread use still impeded by a number of issues: <ul><li>Effective information and knowledge management systems for mobiles </li></ul><ul><li>Effective outreach strategies </li></ul><ul><li>How to ensure privacy while still transmitting useful information </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring data accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Preventing sensor tampering and system misuse </li></ul>
    16. 16. Presenters <ul><li>Hernán Pablo Nadal, Greenpeace Argentina </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greenpeace Argentina’s Forest Law campaign </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Barry Coetzee, FishMS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FishMS and influencing consumer choice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dr Nithya Ramanathan, UCLA's Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban Sensing Applications </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. THANK YOU Tony Vetter - Project Manager, Knowledge Communications Program E-mail: tvetter@iisd.ca