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A Very Short History Of Telephones In Portugal (2)

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A Very Short History Of Telephones In Portugal (2)

  1. 1. A very short history of telephones in Portugal <ul><li>To speak about the telephone industry I must say something on telegraph, an earlier communication technology. </li></ul><ul><li>It was implemented in USA in 1844 and in Portugal during the 1870’s. Telegraph lines were mainly situated in (and between) cities like Lisbon and Oporto. </li></ul>
  2. 2. A very short history of telephones in Portugal <ul><li>The first telephone lines began to work since April, 24th 1882, in Lisbon, and July 1st of the same year in Oporto. </li></ul><ul><li>In the two pictures at the bottom line there are several girls whose work was attending subscribers and connecting them to other subscribers. </li></ul>
  3. 3. A very short history of telephones in Portugal <ul><li>The first company that operated in Portugal was a small one from England. The main office was in London at Grosvenor street near Hyde Park, a famous garden. Near only twenty subscribers had demanded to have its services. They were mainly lawyers, doctors and sea traders (now Portugal have more than 10 m subscribers). </li></ul><ul><li>A short later, that small company was bought by a bigger one named APT – Anglo-Portuguese Telephone, sympathetically knew as Companhia dos Telefones. The APT had lines especially in Lisbon and Oporto. The remain of the country belonged to CTT – Correios de Portugal. </li></ul>
  4. 4. A very short history of telephones in Portugal <ul><li>One short but interesting story in those initials years was about king D. Luís the first. Someone in his family had died. In that time people mustn’t go to any kind of parties for some days. </li></ul><ul><li>The king was an opera’s fan (amateur) and he liked to see an Portuguese opera. The telephones company switch a special line between the theater and his own home. </li></ul><ul><li>In the bottom image you can see a draw from Rafael Bordallo Pinheiro, a well known Portuguese artist, that represents the king listening the music, perhaps with his pijamas and a night hat in his head. The Company had put seven or eight microphones at the theatre stage. </li></ul>
  5. 5. A very short history of telephones in Portugal <ul><li>The two images at near right represent different moments in the life of history of Portuguese telephones: an aerial cable at Terreiro do Paço (Lisboa) and several cars belonging to CTT telecommunications (circa 1930). </li></ul><ul><li>The third picture at far right remembers a switchboard that I think had belonged to the military branch. </li></ul>
  6. 6. A very short history of telephones in Portugal <ul><li>These images at right seems taked by a neo-realist (social realism) photographer as I see it. Several workers are putting a phone cable in the ground. There was a big wheel with a very long cable. </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the heads of those man. They use boinas , a kind of working- class hats. </li></ul>
  7. 7. A very short history of telephones in Portugal <ul><li>The photograph above is an inside take of a switchboard in Lisbon, in the Marques buildings block, near Terreiro do Paço. </li></ul><ul><li>The second one was a little more modern switchboard, but where work was mainly did by girls. </li></ul><ul><li>At that time those girls were forbidden to have marriage because it was a work they could do by day and night. </li></ul><ul><li>During 1940’s, there was a long public relations campaign moved by a movement of women rights to get the right for marriage. </li></ul>
  8. 8. A very short history of telephones in Portugal <ul><li>The following images, at the right side, represents: </li></ul><ul><li>At the top, Mr. Carmona, the president of Portuguese Republic, was doing his first call with a phone connected to an automatic switcboard. </li></ul><ul><li>At the bottom, workers were changing the dial of telephone because of new automatic switchboards. </li></ul>
  9. 9. A very short history of telephones in Portugal <ul><li>Here we have several pictures with models of old telephones and telephone public sites (cabinas). </li></ul>
  10. 10. A very short history of telephones in Portugal <ul><li>The advertising for 1930’s was amazing. It was a time for renewing switchboards and a long campaign had begun. </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, II World War began at those days and the renewal had been postponed until the end of war. </li></ul>

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