Presidential Powers Point


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Presidential Powers Point

  1. 1. The Powers of the President<br />
  2. 2. First, some background…<br />
  3. 3. The President and Executive Branch<br />What is the main job of the president?<br />Generally, the job of the President (and the Executive branch) is to…<br /> …“Take care that the laws be faithfully executed” (carried out, enforced)<br />Ex. Branch enforces laws, treaties and court decisions<br />
  4. 4. Powers of the President<br />The president is given several powers in Article II of the Constitution to help him perform these duties.<br />
  5. 5. Presidential Powers can be grouped into 5 categories…<br />Executivepowers <br />Diplomatic powers<br />Legislative powers<br />Military powers<br />Judicial powers <br />
  6. 6. Additionally, Presidential powers can be one of two types:<br />“Expressed”:<br />Directly stated in the Constitution<br />“Implied”<br />Not directly stated, but “created” by the president to help him do his job<br />“Uphold Constitution, preserve and defend United States”<br />Based on vague language in Article II…<br />
  7. 7. Appointment power<br />Who can the president appoint to the executive branch?<br />Who must approve?<br />Is this power expressed or implied?<br />**Prez/VP only elected members of Ex. Branch<br />
  8. 8. Executive Orders<br />“Presidential rules that have the force of law”<br />Must be constitutional and agree with current law<br />“Implied” Power<br />Example: President Bush used an executive order to set up a wiretapping program to catch terrorists after September 11th, 2001.<br />
  9. 9. Executive Privilege<br />“Right of the President to withhold information from the courts, Congress or the public”<br />Most often used when secrecy is needed (wartime, national security, etc.)<br />“Implied”power that has been limited by judicial review<br />**One well-known example deals with President Nixon<br />
  10. 10. Treaties/Executive agreements<br />Presidents can negotiate treaties and executiveagreements<br />On issues such as peace, disarmament, trade, or immigration<br />Treaties = “agreements with other nations that require Senate approval (2/3rds)” (EXPRESSED)<br />Executive agreements = agreement between heads of state (does not require Senate approval) (IMPLIED)<br />**Why would a president use an executive agreement instead of a treaty?<br />
  11. 11. Appointing ambassadors/diplomats<br />Presidents have the power to appoint those who work in/with foreign nations<br />“Expressed” power<br />Subject to Senate approval (2/3rds)<br />**Why might the Senate, especially after the elections of 2006, be very picky in who it confirms to these positions?<br />
  12. 12. Recall these pictures…<br />What might they have in common?<br />
  13. 13. Mahmud Abbas<br />Palestinian Authority<br />Kim Jong-Il<br />North Korea<br />Fidel Castro – Cuba<br />King Wangchuck – Bhutan<br />The island of Taiwan<br />What’s the connection?<br />
  14. 14. Presidential Diplomatic Powers 400<br />The common connection between the leaders/nations of Bhutan, Cuba, North Korea, Taiwan and the Palestinian territories…<br />A: What is these are 5 “nations” whose governments are not currently recognized by the United States?<br />S2C13 Jeopardy Review<br />
  15. 15. Recognition<br />What is recognition<br />**Can be used to express approval or disapproval of a nation’s actions <br />
  16. 16. Sanctions<br />In addition to refusing to recognize a country’s government, the president may choose to place sanctions on a nation…<br />Sanctions: <br />Rules or actions that restrict trade, finances, or travel with another country as a punishment for its actions…<br />“Implied” power…<br />The new US sanctions against Iran are a good example of the use of this power.<br />
  17. 17. State of the Union Address<br />When does it take place?<br />Who watches the speech?<br />What is the purpose?<br />
  18. 18. State of the Union Address<br />This is how the president can have an effect on laws at the beginning of the lawmaking process…<br />He can also have an even larger impact on laws at the end of the process by using…<br />
  19. 19. The “Veto” (“I object”)<br />The President not only makes suggestions for laws, but also has the (almost) final say in whether a bill passes…<br />All bills which pass Congress end up on his desk…<br />He has 3 options…<br />He can sign it (becomes law), do nothing, or veto it…<br />A veto means the bill is sent back to Congress with the president’s objections.<br />What option does Congress have when a president vetoes their bill?<br />
  20. 20. Military Powers<br />What does it mean to be cic?<br />“Directs the armed forces” <br />What does it mean to..?<br />Should we stay in Afgh?<br />
  21. 21. Article II, Sec. 2 of the Constitution gives the President the right to grant…<br />Pardons<br />What are pardons?<br />Reprieves<br />How is a reprieve different?<br />
  22. 22. Examples<br />**Many presidents have used this power during their terms…presidents average around 400 pardons per term…<br />Gerald Ford granted a pardon to Richard Nixon for anything he might have done during the Watergate scandal…<br /> George Bush Sr. pardoned 5 officials involved in the Iran-Contra scandal.<br /> Bill Clinton issued 395 pardons…140 of which were granted on the last day of his term in office.<br />
  23. 23. Amnesty<br />“What is amnesty?<br />Should amnesty be given to illegal immigrants? What about people who owe taxes if they agree to pay?<br />
  24. 24. Review<br />1) <br />What is executive privilege?<br />2) What is the difference between a treaty and an executive agreement?<br />3) When a president accepts or approves another country’s government, it is called…<br />4) What is a veto?<br />5) What are the two parts of the War Powers Act?<br />6) What is the difference between a pardon and a reprieve?<br />
  25. 25. Choose a question and answer it on your FrontPage sheet…<br />Should US soldiers be permitted to use forms of torture against prisoners of war?<br />What is the most important need facing this country this year?<br />Should the US invade Iran if that nation tries to make nuclear weapons, or should we try to deal with them diplomatically?<br />Should there be a law that provides health insurance to all American children under the age of 18?<br />Should the government be able to randomly listen in on your cell conversations or read your email?<br />Should illegal aliens (immigrants) already in this country be allowed a path to become citizens?<br />Should the president be given as much power as possible to fight the war on terrorism?<br />