AAG.Electoral College


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AAG.Electoral College

  1. 1. The Presidential Electoral Process<br />Part 2: <br />The General Election, Electoral College, and Inauguration<br />
  2. 2. Step 5: The General Election<br />Takes place on the same day every year<br />1stTuesday after the 1st Monday in Nov.<br />Next presidential general election?<br />Voters turn out to cast their ballots for President/VP and for many other offices as well<br />But…when voting for President, they are NOT actually casting their ballots for the candidates.<br /><ul><li>Here is where the Electoral College comes in…</li></li></ul><li>Step 5: The General Election<br />When voters in each state cast their votes for Prez/VP, they are actually voting for a political party’s slate of electors<br />This is a group of “electors” (people who will cast a ballot) from a political party in each state<br />THESE PEOPLE actually get to cast the “REAL” votes for President and VP<br />These votes are known as Electoral Votes, since they actually elect the president.<br />
  3. 3. Each state has a certain number of Electoral Votes<br /># of EV’s = # of Sens + # of Reps<br />
  4. 4. Changes after the 2000 Census<br />
  5. 5. The Electoral College – How does it work?<br />The winner of each state’s popular vote (the vote of the people) has all of their electors chosen to cast their votes for President and VP.<br />This is called the “winner-take-all” method (**ME, NE)<br />
  6. 6. For example:<br />In 2008, the popular vote in PA turned out this way:<br />John Barack<br />McCain Obama<br />2,655,855 (44%)3,276,363 (56%) <br /><ul><li>Who won PA’s electoral votes?
  7. 7. Barack– his entire “slate” of Democratic electors would be chosen…all 21 electoral votes would be cast for BO</li></li></ul><li>The Electoral College<br />The number of electoral votes each state has can change…<br />As each census changes the # of Reps., it also impacts the # of electoral votes<br />But…the total number of electoral votes is always…<br />538<br />Why this #?<br />
  8. 8. Step 6: Electoral College meets and votes<br />Each state’s electors meet in their respective state capitals (i.e., Harrisburg) in December to cast their electoral votes for the President<br />The winner must get a majority of the Electoral Votes…(270)<br />What if there is a tie? <br />House chooses the Prez (1 vote per state), Senate chooses the VP<br />
  9. 9. 2008 Electoral College results<br />http://elections.nytimes.com/2008/results/president/map.html<br />
  10. 10. Step 6: The Electoral College votes<br />Meet in each state capital to cast their votes for the candidate they support<br />Can vote for anyone, but almost always vote for popular vote winner (s/he’s a member of their party, you know…)<br />Most states do NOT require electors to vote for the popular vote winner<br />**Most electors do vote for the popular vote winner…but a few have not…<br />
  11. 11. Step 7: The Inauguration<br />Occurs on January 20th of the year following the election<br />Sworn in by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court<br />
  12. 12. The oath of office…<br />&quot;I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.&quot; <br />