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  1. 1. Yankee Doodle Girls the women who fought to keep their boys fighting By Genevieve Curtis and Gabrielle Field! =D
  2. 2. Objectives! <ul><li>This Power Point is aimed to better your knowledge on the subject of the contributions of women in the military during World War II. </li></ul>
  3. 3. G.I. Joe goes to war <ul><li>America became involved in World War II (WW II) on December 8, 1941 in order to retaliate on Japan for attacking Pearl Harbor. </li></ul><ul><li>Following the declaration of war, five million men enlisted to fight. An additional ten million were provided by the Selective Service. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Beginning <ul><li>Soon after FDR declared war on Japan, Americans were confronted with the problem of providing enough men and provisions where needed. </li></ul><ul><li>The idea of having women help with the military and secretarial jobs began to dawn on several people. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Women’s Past Roles <ul><li>Congresswoman Edith Rogers remembered the roles women had played in prior wars. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, they had nursed, volunteered as dietitians, and worked as communications specialists. </li></ul><ul><li>Their work had freed men for much-needed places in combat. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the women had not been supplied with their own quarters and food. Neither were they eligible for veterans benefits after their service. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Girls-This is our war, too! <ul><li>Rogers proposed the idea of forming an Army women’s corps, in hopes of freeing men in noncombatant roles for fighting positions. </li></ul><ul><li>She met with General George C. Marshall, who agreed with her proposition. </li></ul><ul><li>Together, they worked to gain popularity for their cause. The idea of women serving soon became very popular, but the army was resilient in their rejection of the idea. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Formation of WAAC <ul><li>An agreement was finally reached. </li></ul><ul><li>The bill, a compromise between both sides, was signed into law on May 15, 1942. </li></ul><ul><li>The Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) was created to work with the army, not a part of it, but as aid to the fighting men. </li></ul><ul><li>Women were initially set to work as typists and file clerks, but by the end of the war their positions had expanded to include stenography and radio operation. </li></ul>
  8. 11. More Organizations <ul><li>As the WAAC gained popularity, other women’s military services began to appear. </li></ul><ul><li>Among these were the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) and Women Accepted for Volunteer Military Service (WAVES). </li></ul>
  9. 13. WASP <ul><li>WASP were the first women to be trained to fly military aircrafts in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>They had noncombatant jobs, but were still crucial to the success of the American forces. </li></ul><ul><li>These women would ferry aircrafts from place to place, test repaired ones, tow targets for gunnery practice, and train inexperienced males for military duty. </li></ul><ul><li>Their contributions enforced the original purpose of the incorporation of women into the army workforce: to free up a man for combat. </li></ul>
  10. 15. Stinging the WASP <ul><li>Unfortunately, though over 30 million miles were flown and 38 women were killed, the organization did not receive full militarization. </li></ul><ul><li>The group was disbanded in fall of 1944, due to the pressing possibility of peace. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, WASP members were granted some veterans benefits in 1979. </li></ul>
  11. 17. WAVES <ul><li>The WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) were part of the US Naval Reserve. </li></ul><ul><li>The WAVES were started with a bit of persuading by Eleanor Roosevelt and was finally signed into law by President Roosevelt on July 30, 1942. </li></ul><ul><li>The first director was Lt Commander Mildred McAfee. </li></ul><ul><li>While some of the WAVES did traditional work such as clerical and secretarial jobs many were doing average aviation jobs. </li></ul>
  12. 18. Numbers of WAVES <ul><li>Only a year after the women were allowed to join at least 27,000 women had joined the WAVES. </li></ul><ul><li>At its highest point in August 1945 the WAVES contained 86,000 women </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of it all 2.5% of the Navy’s strength was made of women. </li></ul>
  13. 19. THE END! <ul><li>Saluting Off! </li></ul>