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Japan Ethics


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Japan Ethics

  1. 1. Ethics – Cultural View „We Japanese do not have principles; we have policies“ ( Dr. Kazatuka Watanabe, liberal arts authority and author ) “When you see a stranger, regard him as a thief“ (old Japanese saying) <ul><li>Balász Réka Blanka </li></ul><ul><li>Britt Mekel </li></ul><ul><li>Judit Kormos </li></ul><ul><li>Michal Malček </li></ul><ul><li>Sjur-Olaf Bendiksen </li></ul>
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Theoretical Framework </li></ul><ul><li>Main Influences </li></ul><ul><li>Objectivism & Relativism </li></ul><ul><li>Virtue – A difference from West </li></ul><ul><li>Rule-based View </li></ul><ul><li>Consequentionalist View </li></ul><ul><li>Business Ethics </li></ul>
  3. 3. Theoretical Framework What we will focus on?
  4. 4. Main Influences <ul><li>Several thousand years of powerful religious and metaphysical conditioning that were entirely different from influences in Western world </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophical influence: the Shinto Ethic, The Confucian Ethic, and the Buddhist Ethic </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Makoto ’ (sincerity) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to properly discharge all of one’s obligations so that everything will flow smoothly and harmony will be maintained; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the outer behavior needs to be in line with the inner being. In extension, this means that ‘makoto people’ will not be self-seeking or show personal emotions. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Objectivism and Relativism “ Westerners say it’s OK to kill and eat cows, but not dolphins,” said Hiroshi Hatajima, a 42-year-old office worker from Tokyo. “That kind of special treatment isn’t going to register with a lot of Japanese. We have to eat animals to survive. It’s a cultural clash.” The film, while well-made, “comes across as somewhat propaganda-like,” he said. 
 Reactions from the documentary “The Cove” about the dolphin slaughter in Taijima UN Code of Conduct (1991) between EU, US and Japan: 7 point set based upon the Japanese concept of 'Kyosei' - living/working together for the common good of mankind&quot; together with human dignity
  6. 6. Virtue A difference from West <ul><li>Not very strong recognition of individual rights in relation to privacy, intellectual property, and freedom of information </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional cultures: Virtue-centered moralities West: Rights-centered moralities </li></ul><ul><li>Virtue orientation in Japan related with “Seishen” - spirit training (one of the key elements of the culture) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rule-based View <ul><li>precise system of doing things based on form and process – a system that came to be known as ‘do’ or ‘way‘ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the way how Japanese exchange business card </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the bow at the beginning of a meeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the special gift-giving custom </li></ul></ul><ul><li>often took precedence over what “Westerners” regard as human rights and other high-minded concepts generally labeled as ethics </li></ul>
  8. 8. Consequentionalist View <ul><li>changeable circumstances not basic truths or laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>remember? „society is fluid like the water in the garden“ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>different values and behaviors in relationships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>personal/individual (part of a larger picture) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>business/group (emphasizes a lot on its importance) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>political/national (group as a harmonious part of a nation in a certain place within a hierarchy) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>an insider/outsider way of business (uchi / soto) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Business Ethics <ul><li>Keiei = business in Japan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>stands for ’making effort to develop societies harmoniously and raise the well-being of the people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Business ethics means first a discipline, second economic practices </li></ul><ul><li>Inseki Jinin (take responsibility and resign) </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bribery of high officials (direct payments, entertainment, gift memberships, unlisted stocks) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption Perceptions Index: JAP 17 th , HU 46 th , US 19 th </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Q uestions ???