Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

071010 cyber exclusion zoran kostov ppt

922 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

071010 cyber exclusion zoran kostov ppt

  1. 1. CYBER EXCLUSION AS SOCIAL EXCLUSION: South-East European Experience Zoran Kostov St. Cyril and Methodius University Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
  2. 2. Methodological challenges  Non-standardised definitions for the key indicators  Limited, outdated, non-standardised data  Various types of sources (private/commercial, governmental, international/inter-governmental, NGOs etc.)
  3. 3. The information inequality  Information gap  Knowledge gap  Digital divide  Cyber exclusion  Systematic colonization of social knowledge by the rich nations
  4. 4. Cyber exclusion  Cyber space as social space  Cyber exclusion as social exclusion: digital divide beyond the technical interpretations  The lack of access to ICT reproduces other kinds of inequalities in the society at large
  5. 5. SEE-WB cyber exclusion indicators  External exclusion - Internet users - Internet hosts  In-country exclusion - Age - Gender - Residence
  6. 6. Internet users per 100 inhabitants 35 Albania 30 Bosnia & 25 Herzegovina 20 Croatia 15 Macedonia 10 5 Serbia & Montenegro 0 Europe 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
  7. 7. Internet hosts per 10.000 inhabitants 400 Albania 350 300 Bosnia & Herzegovina 250 Croatia 200 150 Macedonia 100 Serbia & 50 Montenegro 0 Europe 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
  8. 8. Age distribution of Internet users 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% Over 45 50% 36 - 45 40% Below 36 30% 20% 10% 0% Croatia Macedonia Serbia & EU25 Montenegro
  9. 9. Gender distribution of Internet users 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% Female 50% Male 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Bosnia & Croatia Macedonia Serbia & EU25 Herzegovina Montenegro
  10. 10. Residence distribution of Internet users 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% Rural 50% Urban 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Albania Bosnia & Croatia Herzegovina
  11. 11. Widening the debate  Income as an anchor determinant  Infrastructure  Literacy  Beyond access: basic human right, not a goal for itself
  12. 12. Income as an anchor determinant (1) Alb. Internet users per B&H aggregate of 100.000 USD of GNI Cro. per capita Mac. Internet hosts per 1 million USD of S&M GDP Eur. 0 2 4 6
  13. 13. Income as an anchor determinant (2) Alb. B&H Cro. Internet users per 1 computer Mac. S&M Eur. 0 1 2 3 4
  14. 14. Infrastructure (1) Alb. B&H Cro. Telephone subscribers as percentage of Mac. population S&M Eur. 0 50 100 150
  15. 15. Infrastructure (2) Alb. B&H Cro. Internet users as persentage of telephone Mac. subscribers S&M Eur. 0 10 20 30 40
  16. 16. Literacy  Computer (technological)  Information  Contextual (adaptive)  Media creativity  Social competence  English language
  17. 17. Digital divide’s new frontier  Beyond access - Processing speed - Quality of connection - Supporting services  Usage gap - Usage patterns - Accessible content
  18. 18. Reaching social inclusion  Effective use of information resources as a precondition for overcoming the cumulative marginalisation from production, consumption, social networking and decision-making.

×