What is APORIA? A crisis of belief and choice, action and identity . An experience that affects us on many levels at once. A moment where a misconception is exposed and there is a clean terrain to reconstruct true knowledge.
Moments of Aporia in MATRIX Neo , the protagonist, has to make decisions all the time. He needs to choose between dreaming and reality, between one path or another. "This is your last chance. After this, there is no turning back. You take the blue pill -the story ends, you wake up in your bed and believe whatever you want to believe. You take the red pill -you stay in Wonderland and I show you how deep the rabbit - hole goes. ”
The red pill can help Neo to find the truth about the Matrix. It symbolises risk, doubt and questioning. Neo gambles his life and needs to ask himself: “ Do I continue to ask and investigate, or do I stop and never ask again?” And Neo decides to take the red one. He has made a choice.
Moments of Aporia in LIFE IS A DREAM The opposition between destiny and liberty, the topic of life as a dream, and the theme of free will. When the King chooses to imprison his child (out of believing he would bring disaster to the country) and says that he has died after birth. When his son grow s, the King chooses to reveal the truth . When he decides to i mprison his son again.
Segismundo also makes choices. Once in prison again, he tells upon waking that the previous day's events were merely a dream. Some rebels working against the king, choose break him out of prison. However, Segismundo doubts again if he is in reality or in a dream. He forgives the King and realizes of his social role as the heir to the throne, requiring him to act as kings act.
Moments of Aporia in THE ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE <ul><ul><ul><li>Each prisoner seems to have the option of release. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As the bound prisoners watch the shadows on the wall and listen to the explanations of them created by their fellow prisoners, a few must be compelled by their own reason to recognize the contradictions that arise in the world of opinion. </li></ul></ul></ul>
<ul><li>CHOICE! </li></ul><ul><li>Aporia is related to a crisis of </li></ul><ul><li>choice of action and identity. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a moment that sparks the need to know, the compulsion to seek out knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>In the topics presented, the characters have to choose between different options. </li></ul><ul><li>They have to search, define their objectives and only then, they can come out of Aporia. </li></ul>Similitude between the topics
Can we find a connection with the PROCESS OF LEARNING? <ul><ul><ul><li>Aporia becomes a potentially shared state. To help our learners get out of it, we must understand how they got into it. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We should make our students abandon a current set of beliefs so they can discover new things and move into the light of truth. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We do not have to eliminate Aporia. We should see within doubt the questions that make a new understanding possible. </li></ul></ul></ul>
What is the connection we can find with our subject, MM and ELT? The hypertextual design of the Web allows for different materials to be linked together in a network of criss-cross references. A moment within a web is one of understanding, the surpassing of some limits, and the confirmation of others. Learners should be helped to learn how to create maps, to draw lines and make connections themselves .
<ul><li>“ Aporia: Webs, Passages, Getting Lost, and Learning to Go On.” NICHOLAS BURBULES, University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign, 1997. </li></ul><ul><li>Movie: Matrix (written and directed by Wachowsky brothers) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Life is a Dream.” PEDRO CALDERÖN DE LA BARCA, 1635 </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Allegory of the Cave.” PLATO, 4th century B.B </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images (creative commons) </li></ul>SOURCES