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  1. 1. Background on Zaire/Congo <ul><li>Prior to its independence Congo was ruled by Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Low fife expectancy and bad working conditions lead to pro-nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Congo was one of the major exporters of Uranium. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 50’s nationalism emerged and there was increased support behind becoming a independent nation. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Background continued <ul><li>In 1955 Antoine van Bilsen published “Thirty Year Plan for the Political Emancipation of Belgian Africa” </li></ul><ul><li>Around this time Association des Bakongo or Alliance des Ba-Kongo (ABAKO) </li></ul><ul><li>This association represented the need of the Bakongo people for independence of the Belgian government </li></ul>
  3. 3. Beginning of the Congo/Zaire conflict <ul><li>In 1959 Leopoldville is rioted as Abako gains popularity. </li></ul><ul><li>The Belgians claim that they will bring in more natives into the government and that this will ultimately lead to an independent Congo. </li></ul><ul><li>However each minority attempts to create a political party which they want to be incorporated. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Congo/Zaire conflict <ul><li>Days after independence was reached, mutinies occurred throughout the capital. </li></ul><ul><li>Both Kananga and South Kasai both separate from Congo. </li></ul><ul><li>Kananga is the most developed region and as a result the UN and the U.S. perfer it remains part of Congo. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Yellow : National Government Red : Rival National Government Green : Katanga (Independent) Blue : Mining State of South Kasai (Autonomous)
  6. 6. U.S. Reactions <ul><li>Prime minister Patrice Lumumba decided to accept help from the Soviet Union. </li></ul><ul><li>United States backs Mobutu as leader for Congo. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1965 Mobutu takes over Congo and bans all other political parties. </li></ul>