What is
absolutism?
Absolutism is a form of monarchy that is not restricted by
   anything (churches, constitutions, or law-making bodies).


...
B. The monarch
   would claim
   divine right –
    the power to
      rule came
      from God.
French Absolutism
Absolutism in France Multi Flow Map

 Intendants who                          Strengthened
           taxes
collected ____...
Absolutism in France
A. There were religious wars
  between the Huguenots
   (French Protestants)
   and the Catholic
majo...
- St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
  (1572) – 3,000 Huguenots slaughtered
Catholic France
French Catholics = 16 million
French Huguenots = 2 million
Between 1562 and 1598, Huguenots       and
  Catholics fought 8 religious wars!
B. Henry IV inherits French
 throne (1589)
- He is a Protestant
   but converts to
     Catholicism
(the majority in Franc...
-Edict of Nantes (1589) –
  grants religious toleration
and protects Huguenots
 - His goal: heal France
Some hated
   Henry for
   having been a
   Huguenot.
In 1610, a fanatic
   leaped into
   the royal
   carriage and
   st...
- He was assassinated in 1610




        Henry IV’s Tomb
Cardinal Richelieu
-       Louis XIII became
    king but was weak.
    Appointed Richelieu as
    minister.
 Richelieu was a cunning, capable leader
  who spent next 18 years strengthening the
  monarch’s power. He ran France.
Louis XIV – The Sun King

 -   Believed in
     divine right
 - Estates General
   didn’t meet from
     1614-1789.
 - Liv...
- French culture, manners, and customs
  replaced those of Renaissance Italy as
  the standard in Europe.
- His five year old great grandson,
      Louis XV , takes the throne after him.




        Louis XV
    [r. 1715 – 1774]
English Absolutism
From 1485 -1603   1603- Elizabeth I
   England was      dies without
   ruled by the     an heir.
   Tudor
   dynasty
Stuart dynasty of   James I believes
   Scotland           in divine right
   takes the          and clashes
   crown.    ...
1625- Charles I       In 1653- Parliament
   inherits throne        declared it
   and behaves            could not be
   ...
Charles led troops to   The English Civil War
  arrest leaders,          lasts 7 years.
  but they escaped      Cavaliers ...
1647- Parliament      Strict Puritan ways
   wins. Charles is       were enforced.
   executed. Oliver       The English
 ...
1648- Cromwell
   dies. Parliament
   invited Charles II
   to be king.
4. A Limited Monarchy?!
A. William and Mary
   were forced to
   accept the
   English Bill of
   Rights.
B. England then
...
5. The English Bill of
Rights
 A.   Can’t dissolve Parliament
 B.   No taxes without approval of Parliament
 C.   Freedom ...
Absolutism II
Absolutism II
Absolutism II
Absolutism II
Absolutism II
Absolutism II
Absolutism II
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Absolutism II

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Absolutism II

  1. 1. What is absolutism?
  2. 2. Absolutism is a form of monarchy that is not restricted by anything (churches, constitutions, or law-making bodies). AN ABSOLUTE RULER RULES ABSOLUTELY!
  3. 3. B. The monarch would claim divine right – the power to rule came from God.
  4. 4. French Absolutism
  5. 5. Absolutism in France Multi Flow Map Intendants who Strengthened taxes collected _______ monarchy _____________from were support of ________ Middle Middle class ____________ ___________ class Wars _______ were costly Built strongest LOUIS XIV’s balance & disrupted _______ army _______ in IN Of power ___ _________in Europe FRANCE Europe __________ Extravagant Economic ______________ lifestyle decline Persecution of Huguenots ______________ fled Huguenots __________ which _________ hurt economy
  6. 6. Absolutism in France A. There were religious wars between the Huguenots (French Protestants) and the Catholic majority (1560’s to 1590’s)
  7. 7. - St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre (1572) – 3,000 Huguenots slaughtered
  8. 8. Catholic France French Catholics = 16 million French Huguenots = 2 million
  9. 9. Between 1562 and 1598, Huguenots and Catholics fought 8 religious wars!
  10. 10. B. Henry IV inherits French throne (1589) - He is a Protestant but converts to Catholicism (the majority in France) to make life easier BUT…
  11. 11. -Edict of Nantes (1589) – grants religious toleration and protects Huguenots - His goal: heal France
  12. 12. Some hated Henry for having been a Huguenot. In 1610, a fanatic leaped into the royal carriage and stabbed Henry to death.
  13. 13. - He was assassinated in 1610 Henry IV’s Tomb
  14. 14. Cardinal Richelieu - Louis XIII became king but was weak. Appointed Richelieu as minister.
  15. 15.  Richelieu was a cunning, capable leader who spent next 18 years strengthening the monarch’s power. He ran France.
  16. 16. Louis XIV – The Sun King - Believed in divine right - Estates General didn’t meet from 1614-1789. - Lived extravagantly.
  17. 17. - French culture, manners, and customs replaced those of Renaissance Italy as the standard in Europe.
  18. 18. - His five year old great grandson, Louis XV , takes the throne after him. Louis XV [r. 1715 – 1774]
  19. 19. English Absolutism
  20. 20. From 1485 -1603 1603- Elizabeth I England was dies without ruled by the an heir. Tudor dynasty
  21. 21. Stuart dynasty of James I believes Scotland in divine right takes the and clashes crown. with Parliament.
  22. 22. 1625- Charles I In 1653- Parliament inherits throne declared it and behaves could not be like an absolute dissolved monarch without its consent.
  23. 23. Charles led troops to The English Civil War arrest leaders, lasts 7 years. but they escaped Cavaliers supported and mounted king. Roundheads their own army supported Parliament.
  24. 24. 1647- Parliament Strict Puritan ways wins. Charles is were enforced. executed. Oliver The English Cromwell leads people grew the republic or tired of this. Commonwealth
  25. 25. 1648- Cromwell dies. Parliament invited Charles II to be king.
  26. 26. 4. A Limited Monarchy?! A. William and Mary were forced to accept the English Bill of Rights. B. England then became a limited monarchy; Parliament had limited the monarchs’ power.
  27. 27. 5. The English Bill of Rights A. Can’t dissolve Parliament B. No taxes without approval of Parliament C. Freedom of speech D. Right to trial E. Right to petition the King

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