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Jazz Age

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Jazz Age

  1. 1. Chapter 13 Postwar Social Change ‘The Jazz Age’
  2. 2. Flappers and the Jazz Age <ul><li>Jazz Age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A time of great social change where many challenged the “accepted values” of society. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Like what? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flappers represented this change in American thinking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who are they and how? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jeannette Rankin? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fact: average yards of fabric in women's clothing went from 19.5 to just 7 by 1928! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibition? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How did this help change the role of women in society? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. America on the Move <ul><li>Demographic? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why did Americans change where they lived and worked? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1920’s: 6 million people moved from rural to urban areas. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What does this mean? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African American migration. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where and why? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexican and Canadian migration. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where and why? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Barrio? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suburbs? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What made them explode in the 1920’s? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Heroes to the People <ul><li>Charles Lindberg became the first man to fly across the Atlantic. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5/20/27…33.5 hours? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is this such a challenge? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spirit of St. Louis? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lucky Lindy? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lindberg kidnapping? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Heroes to the People <ul><li>Amelia Earhart was the woman to fly across the Atlantic in 1932. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1937 flight around the World? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fred Noonan? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What happened to her? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Sports Heroes to the People <ul><li>Boxing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jack Dempsey? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Football </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jim Thorpe? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NFL? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Baseball </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Babe Ruth? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tennis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helen Wills? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Olympic Gold? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Mass Media <ul><li>Communicating information to large groups of people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Movies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>80 million tickets were sold each week! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Charlie Chaplin and ‘talkies’? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newspapers and Magazines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Size and circulation went from about 14 pages to more than 50 per day and doubled in circulation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mergers? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tabloids? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Readers Digest, Time, Ladies Home Journal? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advertising? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By 1922 more than 500 station were on the air and more than 10 million radios were in homes across America. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Networks? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NBC? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Jazz <ul><li>Developed from Ragtime and Blues in the south. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Big Bands? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flappers? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Louis Armstrong? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Duke” Ellington? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>George Gershwin? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Lost Generation <ul><li>A group of people disconnected with their country and its values. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Jazz Age challenged the values and beliefs of America. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What does this mean? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Painters, poets, and writers reflected this during the 1920’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>F. Scott Fitzgerald and the Great Gatsby? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harlem Renaissance? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Prohibition, 1918-1933. <ul><li>18 th amendment prohibited the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcohol. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volstead act? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bootleggers? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speakeasies? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where are the police? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Changing the accepted role of women? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Nobel Experiment? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>21 st Amendment, 1933? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Organized Crime <ul><li>Why does it need to be organized? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Al Capone? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scarface? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gang Violence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>St. Valentines Day Massacre? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Racketeering? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FBI and J. Edgar Hoover? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elliot Ness? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Fundamentalism <ul><li>The return to traditional Christian beliefs outlined in the bible. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Billy Sunday? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of radio? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Scopes Trial? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John T. Scopes? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarence Darrow? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Williams Jennings Bryan? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who won? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Red Summer <ul><li>Summer of 1919. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25 cities erupted in racial violence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chicago </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beach incident? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>23 African American and 15 whites dead </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>537 wounded and 100’s homeless. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ku Klux Klan membership on the rise. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What does this mean? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who are they? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Marcus Garvey <ul><li>A Jamaican immigrant who started the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What did it do? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black star Line? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Back to Africa Program? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liberia? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What happened to Garvey? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Future influence? </li></ul></ul></ul>

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