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Lesson 31 Project


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Lesson 31 Project

  1. 1. Teri Andrzejewska, David Cawley, Kelsey Cohen, Tom Reardon, Luis Rodriguez
  2. 2. 1 st Amendment/ Assembly, Petition & Association <ul><li>What is the importance of the rights, petition, and association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assemble </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Association </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WHY WERE THE RIGHTS OF ASSEMBLY AND PETTION IMPORTANT TO THE FOUNDERS? </li></ul><ul><li>How have the rights of assembly and petition been used? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gag rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lobby </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What limitations may be placed on the right of assembly? </li></ul><ul><li>What limits has the Supreme Court placed on freedom of assembly? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public forums </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How is the right of association? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NAACP </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Seen as fundamental to constitutional democracy </li></ul><ul><li>The right to petition was 1 st recognized in the Magna Carta </li></ul><ul><li>The founders saw the right to petition as an important means of communication with the British Government. </li></ul>Why were the rights of assembly and petition important to the founders?
  4. 4. <ul><li>The people have the right to assemble and petition the government- to ask government to take action or enhance 1 st amendment political rights </li></ul><ul><li>Courts have recently recognized the right to association with political, church, professional, social, and community groups </li></ul>What is the importance of the rights to assembly, petition, and association?
  5. 5. What limitations may be placed on the right of assembly <ul><li> People have right to assemble on public property to speak, but in some situations this right is limited </li></ul><ul><li> Government is responsible to make sure demonstrations are peaceful </li></ul><ul><li>Some argue that all public places should could be used for assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Others believe that only parks and street corners should be used </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>-1830s Congress received numerous petitions urging that slavery be abolished in the District of Columbia. </li></ul><ul><li>-1836 Congress passed gag rule to prevent debate on all petitions related to slavery, but appealed in 1844 </li></ul><ul><li>-WWI veterans converged on nations capital in 1932 to petition Congress for early payment for their military bonuses. </li></ul><ul><li>-1950s and 1960s Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. led thousanads in the march for “Jobs and Freedom” </li></ul><ul><li> FAX,EMAILS, PHONE CALLS, AND LETTERS TO PUBLIC OFFICIALS ARE METHODS OF PETITIONING THE GOVERNMENT. </li></ul><ul><li> INDIVIDUALS, GROUPS, OR CORPORATIONS LOBBY GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS TO TRY TO PERSUADE THEM TO ADOPT POLICIES THAT WILL BENEFIT THEIR INTEREST OR THE INTERESTS OF THE COUNTRY AS A WHOLE. </li></ul>How have the rights of assembly and petition been used?
  7. 7. <ul><li>Demonstrations have to be “Peaceable”, and can’t harm the community or inconvenience the public </li></ul><ul><li>When reasonable and fair, assembling on public property may be limited </li></ul>Limitations on the Right Of Assembly
  8. 8. <ul><li>It must be applied in a non-discriminatory manner. That is, it cannot put restrictions on assembly that only apply to certain groups or only because of theme or subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Any regulation must be designed to protect a legitimate government interest and not be intended to suppress free speech or assembly </li></ul>What Limits has the Supreme Court placed on freedom of assembly?
  9. 9. <ul><li>Gov’t shouldn’t interfere with the right to join others, like in private clubs, fraternities, labor unions, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>NCAAP determined in the court case NCAAP v. Alabama that freedom of association is protected under the first amendment </li></ul><ul><li>All associations have to be peaceful, and not violent </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme court said that the gov’t can’t interfere in a person’s choices about whom he can associate with. </li></ul><ul><li>There are difficulties about eliminating unfair discrimination in American life, and the right to live your own life as free as possible. </li></ul>How is the Right of Association Protected
  10. 10. <ul><li>How would you explain the rights of assembly </li></ul><ul><li>How would you describe the historical origins of the rights of assembly and petition? </li></ul><ul><li>How have the rights of assembly and petition been important in American History? </li></ul><ul><li>What restrictions have been imposed on the right of assembly, and how have these restrictions been justified? </li></ul><ul><li>Since the right of association is not mentioned in the 1 st Amendment, how have courts justified treating it as a constitutional right? </li></ul>Questions
  11. 11. <ul><li>The right to assemble and petition means that we can ask the Government to take action or change its policies. We can also associate with other people who share opinions. </li></ul><ul><li>The origins of these rights are all found in the 1 st Amendment. Right to Assembly is protected by NAACP. </li></ul><ul><li>These right were important to communicate with the British. </li></ul><ul><li>All actions must be “peaceable” and can’t hurt anyone. Judges can rule something out if they deem it wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>The NAACP and several court cases have protected the right of assembly. </li></ul>Answers