Page 3 – Will Technology Transform Music
Education? By David Beckstead
Page 5 - Personal Reflection
Page 6 – Citation
Page 7 – Tune in to Technology by Patricia Bissell
Page 9 – Personal Reflection
Page 10 – Citation
Page 11 – Music Technology Helps Students
Succeed by Joyce Forest
Page 13 – Personal Reflection
Page 14 – Citation
Page15 - Conclusion
This article is mainly concerned with one aspect of music education:
First the author briefly discusses the history of music education starting
over one thousand years ago and ends with comparing modern music
education in Britain, Canada, and the United States.
Composition in public schools was absent for a very long time. Making it
seem as though only the highly gifted or privileged could study this form
of music. Also, schools mostly emphasize the performance aspect of
Composition was redefined in two ways: intellectual and technological.
The intellectual way consisted of musicians and educators rethinking how
music and composition should be taught in the classroom.
“The interest in composition as a classroom activity was not due to the
rise of a sudden well-educated student populace who was mastering
concert instruments and…notation and harmony. Rather, it was the result
of a rethinking of notion s about music as a written artifact, as well as an
attempt to shift “away from the image of a composer and concentrate
more on the process of composition.”
technological way involves the use
of new technological devices to enhance
the way music is taught.
-Beckstead quotes Lon S. Berry as
saying, “The implications of using
synthesizers and computers for music
education are enormous. Students and
create, edit, and hear their own
compositions by just pushing a button.”
-The use of technological devices in the
music classrooms brings about the debate
as to whether they should be used for
amplicative or transformational
-Amplicative involves using the
technology as a way of being more
efficient in composing music.
-Transformation involves using the
technology to change how we
make, think , act, and react to music.
I believe that technology should definitely be
integrated into the classroom to further the
education of composition.
I remember being bored in my required keyboard
class in elementary school because I wasn’t very
good at it. We were not allowed to compose
anything on our own and I think that if we were I
would have enjoyed it much more because it
would have shown me another way to think and
Reflecting on the last part of the article
concerning amplicative or transformational uses
of technology: I believe that it should be used in
both ways to further students’ musical
understanding and creativity.
David Beckstead, Will Technology Transform Music Education?. Music
Educators Journal, Vol. 87, No. 6 (May, 2001), pp. 44-49 Published by:
MENC: The National Association for Music Education.
This article is about incorporating technology
into K-8 classrooms.
The author starts off with listing all of the
things that can be accomplished by students
with new music technological devices.
“…students learn how to obtain
information, accomplish tasks, and solve
problems using higher-order thinking
skills, which expand their capacity to
consider differing viewpoints and make
The author discusses how a teacher
can incorporate software into their
She also discusses how a teacher
can structure their class periods to
incorporate the different
technologies and even gives sample
projects for grades K-8.
Lastly, Bissell discusses ways that a
teacher can improve their
The first way is to be creative
when coming up with ways to
finance these technological
devices. She suggests writing to
companies to request that
equipment be donated and to apply
The second suggestion for
improving the class is by joining a
local music technology organization
to get feedback and ideas from
I was most struck by the quote that I
incorporated into a previous slide; that a
student can learn how to think differently
and have a more open mind because of music
I liked the author’s suggestion to request
companies to donate needed equipment. I
am not going to be a music teacher, but I’m
sure there will be times that I may employ
this method of obtaining supplies.
I also liked her suggestion of joining an
organization for educators in my subject.
Patricia M. Bissell, Tune in to Technology. Music Educators Journal, Vol.
85, No. 2 (Sep., 1998), pp. 36-41 Published by: MENC: The National
Association for Music Education.
This article focuses on the impact that music
technology has had on an elementary school
in Texas that is 70% Hispanic and 30% black
with 90% receiving free or reduced lunches.
This elementary school received a three year
grant to restructure its education. It did this
by heavily focusing on the arts including
“The evolving music curriculum is preparing
the students to be the musicians of their
digital electronic generation.”
article describes in detail the
different ways that they teach the
different grades music incorporating
technology in most of these practices.
school’s goal was for all students to
show a 15% increase over a three year
period on standardized test scores. The
students exceeded that goal in the
second year of the program and their
achievements continued to increase.
the students are achieving
much more than they had in previous
years. They understanding rhythmic
reading and having better pitch accuracy.
- The students are very proud of their
musical abilities and enjoy showing their
talents to others, which shows an
increase in confidence as well as musical
I was very impressed with the study
described in this article. The fact that
students’ scores on standardized tests
increased dramatically due to art programs
makes me feel happy that art can do
this, but also sad because these programs are
usually the first the get cut from a school
when funds are low.
Music Technology Helps Students Succeed
Joyce Forest, Music technology helps students succeed. Music Educators
Journal, Vol. 81, No. 5 (Mar., 1995), pp. 35-38+48 Published by: MENC:
The National Association for Music Education.
After reading these articles I have concluded
that music is very important in a child
Music can affect so many different aspects of
a child’s life and academic achievement.
Many school districts, educators, and parents
do not consider music or any other type of
art education as a serious field of study. I
think that if they did students across the
board would be more successful and