The Simple Past Tense By Gaby Rinkerman
The Simple Past Tense <ul><li>The simple past tense  describes actions and states that began and ended in the past </li></...
FORM <ul><li>There are regular verbs and irregular verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular :  study studied </li></ul><ul><li>  l...
Spelling of “ed” form <ul><li>Most verbs – add “ed” </li></ul><ul><li>Example:  walk walk ed </li></ul><ul><li>  order ord...
Irregular Verbs <ul><li>Some verbs have irregular past tense forms: </li></ul><ul><li>fall fell </li></ul><ul><li>feel fel...
Negative Statements <ul><li>To form negative statements, use: </li></ul><ul><li>did  + not (didn’t) +  base form   </li></...
Yes / No questions and short answers <ul><li>To form yes/no questions, use: </li></ul><ul><li>did  + subject +  base form ...
Time Phrases <ul><li>Some common time expressions used with the past tense are: </li></ul><ul><li>yesterday many years ago...
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Simple Past Tense

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Simple Past Tense

  1. 1. The Simple Past Tense By Gaby Rinkerman
  2. 2. The Simple Past Tense <ul><li>The simple past tense describes actions and states that began and ended in the past </li></ul><ul><li>Example: I lived in France in 1980. </li></ul><ul><li> He was sick last week. </li></ul><ul><li> They were late yesterday. </li></ul>
  3. 3. FORM <ul><li>There are regular verbs and irregular verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular : study studied </li></ul><ul><li> live lived </li></ul><ul><li> stay stayed </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular : go went </li></ul><ul><li> be was – were </li></ul><ul><li> do did </li></ul><ul><li>All regular past tense verbs end in “ed” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Spelling of “ed” form <ul><li>Most verbs – add “ed” </li></ul><ul><li>Example: walk walk ed </li></ul><ul><li> order order ed </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs that end in “e” – add only “d” </li></ul><ul><li>Example: live live d </li></ul><ul><li> decide decide d </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs that end in consonant “y”- change y to i and add “ed” </li></ul><ul><li>Example: study stud ied </li></ul><ul><li> carry carr ied </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs that end in CVC double the last consonant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: s hop sho pp ed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> s top sto pp ed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> per mit permi tt ed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> ad mit admi tt ed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not double the last consonant if the last syllable is not stressed: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> lis ten liste n ed </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Irregular Verbs <ul><li>Some verbs have irregular past tense forms: </li></ul><ul><li>fall fell </li></ul><ul><li>feel felt </li></ul><ul><li>break broke </li></ul><ul><li>come came </li></ul><ul><li>These verbs don’t follow any spelling rules. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Negative Statements <ul><li>To form negative statements, use: </li></ul><ul><li>did + not (didn’t) + base form </li></ul><ul><li>Example: He didn’t call me. </li></ul><ul><li> She didn’t study French. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t use didn’t with the verb TO BE, use to be + not: </li></ul><ul><li>Example: He wasn’t there yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li> They weren’t happy. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  7. 7. Yes / No questions and short answers <ul><li>To form yes/no questions, use: </li></ul><ul><li>did + subject + base form </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Did he study English last night? </li></ul><ul><li> Did they learn to play the piano? </li></ul><ul><li>To form short answers to yes/no questions, use: </li></ul><ul><li>yes + subject pronoun + did </li></ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul><ul><li>no + subject pronoun+ didn’t </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Yes, he did. </li></ul><ul><li> No, they didn’t. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Time Phrases <ul><li>Some common time expressions used with the past tense are: </li></ul><ul><li>yesterday many years ago </li></ul><ul><li>a long time ago before this year </li></ul><ul><li>at that time for many years </li></ul><ul><li>this morning in 19— </li></ul><ul><li>last night, Saturday, weekend, year… </li></ul>

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