The Simple Present Tense By Gaby Rinkerman
Dear Abby… <ul><ul><li>My dad used to have a great body in his younger days. But a lot beer has gone down his belly since ...
Dear Abby <ul><li>I am an… </li></ul><ul><li>The first on the right </li></ul><ul><li>when you enter the park. </li></ul><...
Unscramble the Text <ul><li>a tiny, old man and his big dog </li></ul><ul><li>What should I do? </li></ul><ul><li>when you...
The Simple Present Tense <ul><li>USES </li></ul><ul><li>To talk about  routines or habits . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I  brush...
Form <ul><li>Two forms:  base form  and  “s” form </li></ul><ul><li>1.   We use the base form with  I, you, we, they   and...
“ S” Form Spelling <ul><li>We add “ s ” to most verbs to make the “s” form </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>like   like s need ne...
Spelling Exercise plan teach match Study Sit Fix Begin have Hurry Play Happen Drink Stay Smoke Row do Marry miss
Spelling Exercise – Answers plan Plans Teach Teaches Match Matches Study Studies Sit Sits Fix Fixes Begin Begins Have Has ...
“ s” Form - Pronunciation <ul><li>The final form for the third-person singular form of the simple present tense is pronoun...
Pronunciation Exercise /s/ /z/ /iz/ wears misses plays rains drinks takes washes lives worries works
Auxiliary Verbs: Do / Does <ul><li>Affirmative Statements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I take a shower every morning. </li></ul>...
Please remember! <ul><li>After an auxiliary verb (do – does) use the base form of the verb (not the “s” form) </li></ul><u...
Questions of Frequency <ul><li>How Often  asks questions about frequency. How often is often used with the simple present ...
Using Adverbs and Expressions of Frequency <ul><li>They tell us how often we do something </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expression...
Position: <ul><li>Expressions of frequency (time markers) come at the  beginning  or the end of a  sentence : </li></ul><u...
Internet Grammar Links <ul><li>http://www.collegeem.qc.ca/cemdept/anglais/pressiml.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.colleg...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Present Tense2

3,366 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Self Improvement
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,366
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
697
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
80
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Present Tense2

  1. 1. The Simple Present Tense By Gaby Rinkerman
  2. 2. Dear Abby… <ul><ul><li>My dad used to have a great body in his younger days. But a lot beer has gone down his belly since then and now he is sort of fat. Dad likes to walk around the house in swimming shorts. When my friends come over, I’m embarrassed. My mother doesn’t like it either. She always says to him: “Fred, go put on a robe.” But he doesn’t pay attention. He never pays attention. My dad is wonderful and I love all 220 pounds of him, but do you think he should sit in the living room in swimming shorts when I have company? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embarrassed Daughter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think was Dear Abby’s answer? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dear Embarrassed Daughter, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When your mom tells your dad to put on a robe, your dad should put on a robe. Does your father like you to sit in the living room in your bathing suit when he entertains business friends? Point this out to him. It might help. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Dear Abby <ul><li>I am an… </li></ul><ul><li>The first on the right </li></ul><ul><li>when you enter the park. </li></ul><ul><li>Every day at about six o’clock </li></ul><ul><li>a tiny, old man and his big dog </li></ul><ul><li>come to the park, </li></ul><ul><li>and while the man looks away </li></ul><ul><li>the dog… </li></ul><ul><li>well, I’m sure you can imagine. </li></ul><ul><li>What should I do? </li></ul><ul><li>Yours miserably, </li></ul><ul><li>Douglas Trim </li></ul>
  4. 4. Unscramble the Text <ul><li>a tiny, old man and his big dog </li></ul><ul><li>What should I do? </li></ul><ul><li>when you enter the park. </li></ul><ul><li>I am an… </li></ul><ul><li>The first on the right </li></ul><ul><li>and while the man looks away </li></ul><ul><li>Every day at about six o’clock </li></ul><ul><li>Dear Abby </li></ul><ul><li>Yours miserably, </li></ul><ul><li>Douglas Trim </li></ul><ul><li>come to the park, </li></ul><ul><li>the dog… </li></ul><ul><li>well, I’m sure you can imagine. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Simple Present Tense <ul><li>USES </li></ul><ul><li>To talk about routines or habits . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I brush my teeth every morning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He rides the bus to work. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To talk about facts or general truths . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The sun rises in the east. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans speak English. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Form <ul><li>Two forms: base form and “s” form </li></ul><ul><li>1. We use the base form with I, you, we, they and plural nouns : </li></ul><ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>you </li></ul><ul><li>we </li></ul><ul><li>they + need + water </li></ul><ul><li>my friends </li></ul><ul><li>trees </li></ul><ul><li>2. We use the “s” form with he, she, it, and singular nouns : </li></ul><ul><li>he </li></ul><ul><li>she + need s + water </li></ul><ul><li>the flower </li></ul><ul><li>Susan </li></ul>
  7. 7. “ S” Form Spelling <ul><li>We add “ s ” to most verbs to make the “s” form </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>like like s need need s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>When the base form ends in s, z, sh, ch,or x, we add “- e s” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>miss miss e s wash wash e s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>watch watch e s fix fix e s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>When the base form ends in a consonant + y, we change the y to i and add “–es”. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>stu d y stud ies car r y stud ies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>When the base form of the verb ends in a vowel + y, we do not change the y. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>s a y say s pl a y play s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Some verbs have irregular forms: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do does have has go goes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Spelling Exercise plan teach match Study Sit Fix Begin have Hurry Play Happen Drink Stay Smoke Row do Marry miss
  9. 9. Spelling Exercise – Answers plan Plans Teach Teaches Match Matches Study Studies Sit Sits Fix Fixes Begin Begins Have Has Hurry Hurries Play Plays Happen Happens Drink Drinks Stay Stays Smoke Smokes Row Rows Do Does Marry Marries Miss Misses
  10. 10. “ s” Form - Pronunciation <ul><li>The final form for the third-person singular form of the simple present tense is pronounced three different ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>/ s / / z /, or / iz / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is pronounced / s / after the voiceless sounds /p/, /t/, /k/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop s , want s , walk s . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is pronounced / z / after all the vowel sounds and the voiced sounds /b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /m/, /n/, /l/, and /r/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grab s , need s , drive s , live s , come s , wear s , rain s , play s . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is pronounced / iz / after the sounds /s/, /z/, and words that end in –ge, -ce, and –se. We must pronounce an extra syllable. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use us es wash wash es </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fix fix es charge charg es </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dance danc es miss miss es </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DO and SAY have a change in vowel sound: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>do does say says </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Pronunciation Exercise /s/ /z/ /iz/ wears misses plays rains drinks takes washes lives worries works
  12. 12. Auxiliary Verbs: Do / Does <ul><li>Affirmative Statements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I take a shower every morning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He take s the train to work. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use DO / DOES with negative Statements and questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Do with I, you, we, they , and plural nouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You don’t understand me. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do they work in New York? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Does with he, she, it , and singular nouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She doesn’t study French. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does he call you every day? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Please remember! <ul><li>After an auxiliary verb (do – does) use the base form of the verb (not the “s” form) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He doesn’t worry too much. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it stay open on holidays? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Questions follow this format: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aux + Subject + Verb ? A S V? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does she work on weekends? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do they buy groceries at the supermarket? </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Questions of Frequency <ul><li>How Often asks questions about frequency. How often is often used with the simple present tense. It is rarely used with the present progressive: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How often do you clean your room? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT : How often are you cleaning your room? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adverbs and expressions of frequency are often used with the simple present tense. They rarely occur with the present progressive: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They usually eat breakfast at eight o’clock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT : They are usually eating breakfast at eight o’clock. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Using Adverbs and Expressions of Frequency <ul><li>They tell us how often we do something </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expressions of frequency or time markers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Every day, morning, night, weekend… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Twice a day, month, year… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Three times a day, month, year… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Several times a day, month year… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Once in a while </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adverbs of frequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100% ----------------------------------------------- 0% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always , usually, often, sometimes, rarely, never </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Position: <ul><li>Expressions of frequency (time markers) come at the beginning or the end of a sentence : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He plays tennis every day. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every week they go to the movies. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adverbs of frequency come after the verb TO BE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She is usually on time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are rarely home on weekends. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adverbs of frequency come before other verbs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They never clean their car. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She doesn’t often go to New York. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Internet Grammar Links <ul><li>http://www.collegeem.qc.ca/cemdept/anglais/pressiml.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.collegeem.qc.ca/cemdept/anglais/tobeetcl.htm </li></ul>

×