The signs and symptoms of dehydration


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Educational slide show about dehydration and drinking water.

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  • Symptoms of dehydration usually begin with thirst and progress to more alarming manifestations as the need for water becomes more dire. The initial signs and symptoms of mild dehydration in adults appear when the body has lost about 2% of it's total fluid. These mild dehydration symptoms are often (but not limited to):
  • If the dehydration is allowed to continue unabated, when the total fluid loss reaches 5% the following effects of dehydration are normally experienced:
  • When the body reaches 10% fluid loss emergency help is needed IMMEDIATELY! 10% fluid loss and above is often fatal! Symptoms of severe dehydration include:
  • The signs and symptoms of dehydration

    1. 1. Signs & Symptoms of Dehydration And How to more Drink Water For educational purposes only
    2. 2. Mild Dehydration Symptoms <ul><li>Thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Dry Skin </li></ul><ul><li>Skin Flushing </li></ul><ul><li>Dark Colored Urine </li></ul><ul><li>Dry Mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Fatique or Weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Chills </li></ul><ul><li>Head Rushes </li></ul>
    3. 3. When Total Fluid Loss is 5% <ul><li>Increased heart rate </li></ul><ul><li>Increased respiration </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased sweating </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased urination </li></ul><ul><li>Increased body temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle cramps </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Tingling of the limbs </li></ul>
    4. 4. When Total Fluid Loss is 10% <ul><li>Muscle spasms </li></ul><ul><li>Vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Racing pulse </li></ul><ul><li>Shriveled skin </li></ul><ul><li>Dim vision </li></ul><ul><li>Painful urination </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures </li></ul><ul><li>Chest and Abdominal pain </li></ul><ul><li>Unconciousness </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Be aware that these are not the only symptoms of severe dehydration that may manifest in response to dehydration, these are simply the most common. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms of dehydration will differ from person to person because the body is a complex network of systems and everyone's body is different. When these systems are disturbed due to loss of fluids there will be several common symptoms shared by most bodies, but there may also be unusual or unexpected responses depending on the particular person in question. Age also plays a part in the manifestation of symptoms. Signs of dehydration in a child will not be the same as those experienced by a teenager, adult or in the elderly. </li></ul><ul><li>Dehydration prevention is the best treatment for every age group. heatstroke is always around the corner. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Causes of Dehydration <ul><li>There are many things that can cause dehydration, the most common are vomiting, diarrhea, blood loss, malnutrition, and plain old failure to replenish liquids lost from sweating and urination (Not drinking enough water). </li></ul><ul><li>Many illnesses and diseases can trigger acute dehydration due to the increased body temperature and sweating that usually occur. This is why a doctor tells patients to drink plenty of fluids when ill. The body uses fluids to expell toxins as well as to keep your system flexible, lubricated and running smoothly. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Electrolytes and Dehydration <ul><li>If dehydration is the removal of water from an object, then the treatment of dehydration to reverse it's effects would logically be rehydration. </li></ul><ul><li>When someone becomes dehydrated they have also lost electrolytes so it is very important to replenish them along the water. The type of electrolytes needed for rehydration are sodium and potassium salts usually found in sports drinks and pediatric formulas. </li></ul><ul><li>Electrolytes are needed for electro-chemical reactions within cells. A lack of electrolytes in the body can interfere with the chemical reactions needed for healthy cell operation and is known as water intoxication=a serious condition and has lead to death in extreme cases. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Treatment for Dehydration <ul><li>If a person is showing minor symptoms give them plenty of water and let them drink it very slowly, in small sips. Electrolytes are also important to replace. Electrolytes can be readily had from sports drinks and pediatric formulas. They are also found in salty foods but eating any food while dehydrated will only dehydrate the body more since fluids are required for digestion. Slowly replenish the bodie’s liquids with water and follow that up after symptoms have subsided with a small salty snack or a very light meal. </li></ul><ul><li>If a person is showing some of the more severe symptoms of dehydration as listed above, call an ambulance immediately. He or she may be past the point where ingestion of the proper fluids will help; get them medical attention immediately. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Prevention of Dehydration <ul><li>The average person looses between two and three litres of water a day through the breath, sweat, and urine. This number can increase or decrease based on the types of activities that a person engages in. Heavy exercise can cause a body to loose more than 2 litres an hour! To prevent dehydration you simply need to replenish the liquids that are lost throughout the day. Many resources recommend to drink 8 glases of water a day, or give you a set number of litres to drink-yet, remember that every BODY is different and each individual will know how much their BODY needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Only YOU can know how much water YOU need to be at your best. Thats right, WATER. Not soda, not juice, not sugar-drinks. Pay attention to your fluid loss and take special care to replenish it as it is being lost. By the time you feel thirsty you are already dehydrated - you want to avoid becoming thirsty in the first place. Pay attention to the color of your urine, dark urine is usually an indicator that you are dehydrated. Drink more water, especially infants, children and the elderly.   </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>There are a variety of reasons to drink plenty of water each day. Adequate water intake prevents dehydration, cleans out the body, and promotes healing processes. Substituting water for beverages high in calories can also help control weight. Here are some tips to follow to make sure you're getting enough of this most basic necessity-WATER. </li></ul>Drinking Water
    11. 11. Determine Your Water Need. <ul><li>The &quot;8 by 8&quot; rule - drink eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day (2 quarts, 1.8 liters) - but the amount of water a person needs varies depending on his or her weight, activity level and climate. </li></ul><ul><li>Determine your specific recommended water intake is to divide your weight (in pounds) by two. The resulting number is the number of ounces of water needed each day. For example, if a person’s weigh is 150 lbs., strive to drink 75 ounces of water daily. For those who use the Metric system, divide their weight (in kilograms) by 30 (ex. somebody weighing 70 kg is going to need 2.3 liters per day). </li></ul><ul><li>Keep in mind that these recommended intake numbers may yet be factored by individual needs, so determine “Optimal” water needs then adjust for individuality. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Measure Water Intake <ul><li>Measure your daily intake of water. </li></ul><ul><li>Do this for a few days. </li></ul><ul><li>If you find that you're drinking less than the recommended quantity, try some of the following tips: </li></ul>
    13. 13. Re-educate the Tongue’s Taste <ul><li>Re-acquire a new taste for water, </li></ul><ul><li>Find out what kind of water tastes best, </li></ul><ul><li>“ Love” only the very best water. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Carry Water Daily <ul><li>Carry water with you everywhere put it in a bottle or other container . </li></ul>
    15. 15. Keep a Cup/Glass of Water… <ul><li>Keep a glass or cup of water next to you whenever you'll be sitting down for a long time, such as when you're at your desk at work . </li></ul><ul><li>Drink from it regularly as you're working. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Keep track of Time <ul><li>Try wearing a digital watch that beeps at the beginning of each hour. Use that as a reminder to pour yourself a glass of water. </li></ul><ul><li>Vow to drink that water before the next beep. If you drink only one small (6 ounce or 180 ml) cup per hour, you'll have consumed 48 ounces (1.4 liters) by the end of an 8-hour workday. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Purify Water <ul><li>Get a water purification system. Purified water tastes very good and may help make drinking water more appealing to you. Be aware, though, that as you grow accustomed to purified water, you may find that tap water leaves a bad taste in your mouth, even though it may be better for your teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep in mind that fluoride, found in small quantities in tap water, is necessary for strong, healthy teeth. Fortunately, no water filter removes the fluoride. You'd have to use reverse osmosis, distillation, or an expensive filter specific to removing fluoride. But don't do any of that. Fluoride in the saliva bathes the teeth and prevents dental decay! </li></ul>
    18. 18. Add Flavor to Water <ul><li>Add lemons or limes to your water. This makes it taste better and makes you want to drink more of it. Be careful not to make it too sour; just a splash of sourness should do the trick. Cucumber slices can also be added to a glass of water. Some mint leaves can be added to a pitcher of water which should be allowed to sit overnight. </li></ul><ul><li>These are cheap alternatives to the bottled flavored water. If you do choose bottled flavored water, check the ingredients, as these are likely closer in form to lemon- or limeade than they are to water. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Eat Watery Fruits <ul><li>Eat water rich foods, such as fruits like watermelon, which is 92% water by weight . Blend up some seedless fresh watermelon flesh with some ice and place a few sprigs of mint (optional) - one of the most refreshing drinks, especially for the summertime. Cranberry juice is also another option, and has a bitter taste. Patients suffering from urinary infection caused by insufficient intake of water should drink cranberry juice and eat watermelon if not plain water everyday. A tomato is 95% water. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Keep Water Cold <ul><li>Keep water cold if it tastes better for you. Keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator at home. Add ice or freeze water in a sports bottle before taking it with you, it will eventually melt and stay cold. Bear in mind that cold water takes energy for your body to regulate the temperature, and does burn some calories. Room temperature water is better if you're dehydrated. Your body can absorb the room temperature water immediately, instead of the body having to raise the temperature of the water first in order to process it. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Climate <ul><li>Climate can drastically change how much water is needed . </li></ul><ul><li>On hot days that require folk to be outside, everyone should drink more water to counteract the fluids lost when sweating. This not only keeps the body hydrated, it can prevent heat-related illness. Just as important (but often overlooked) is consuming enough fluids in cold & wet conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>The human body works much more efficiently (including heating and cooling) when properly hydrated. Inadequate water intake affects the brain's function first, which can become very dangerous (especially in extreme conditions). Disclaimer: See your physician if you suspect dehydration. </li></ul>
    22. 22. 1.888.558.7282