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Timeline of The 1800s


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Timeline of The 1800s

  1. 1. TimeLine of the 1800s By: Kevin Donis, Mike Pentz, and D.J. Ossai
  2. 2. War of 1812 <ul><li>The battles of the War of 1812 were fought between the US, with the help of some Native American tribes and Great Britain, with help from Canadian Provincial Forces and First Nations Peoples. </li></ul><ul><li>The major commanders for the US were James Madison, Jacob Brown, Winfield Scott, Andrew Jackson and Henry Dearborn. The major commanders for Great Britain were George Prevost, Isaac Brock and Tecumseh </li></ul><ul><li>The War of 1812 started on June 18, 1812 and ended on February 18, 1815. The war lasted three years and was won by the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>The major battles fought were the battle at the USS Constitution, Battle on the Atlantic, battle at Ft. McHenry, and the battle of New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>US declared War because of the impressments of thousands of American sailors by the British, frustration with British restrictions on neutral trade while Britain was at war with France, and anger at British alliances with Native Americans, who were defending their territories against American Settlers, which conflicted with the expansion of American settlers and settlement into the Old Northwest. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Adam-Onis Treaty also known as the Florida Treaty was signed in Washington on February 22, 1819 and ratified by Spain October 24, 1820. It wasn’t entered into full force until February 22, 1821. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a historic agreement between the United States and Spain that settled a border dispute in North America between the two nations and granted the US terriotorial rights to Spanish Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>It also settled a boundary dispute along the Sabine River in Texas and firmly established the boundary of U.S. territory to the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>The treaty was negotiated by John Quincy Adams and the Spanish foreign minister Luis de Onís. </li></ul><ul><li>The treaty was the result of increasing tensions between the U.S. and Spain regarding territorial rights to Florida. </li></ul>Florida (Adam-Onis Treaty)
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Monroe Doctrine, written by John Quincy Adams and others, was addressed on December 2, 1823 </li></ul><ul><li>It was stated by President Monroe at the 7th annual State of the Union address to Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>The Monroe Doctrine proclaimed that the U.S. opposed further European colonization of and interference with independent nations in the Western Hemisphere, especially in nations and area under the control of the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>It Enforces Washington’s rule of foreign policy in which US will not be involved in European affairs. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States planned to stay neutral in wars between European powers and its colonies. </li></ul>Monroe Doctrine of 1823
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Trail of Tears , which occurred in 1838, was the forced relocation of the Cherokee Native American Tribe to the Western United States. </li></ul><ul><li>It resulted in an estimated 4000 Cherokee deaths. The deaths were caused by disease, exhaustion and starvation. </li></ul><ul><li>It resulted from the enforcement treaty of New Echota which provided Andrew Jackson with legal documentation to remove the Native Americans under the Indian Removal Act. </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was a law passed by Andrew Jackson in order to help the relocation of Native American tribes living east of the Mississippi River in the US to lands further west. The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830. </li></ul>Trail of tears D D D D D D D C C C <ul><li>The key players in the Trail of Tears were Andrew Jackson, who led the Indian Removal, Major Ridge, who tried to get favorable terms for the Tribe and signed the Treaty of New Echota, and Chief John Ross, who strongly opposed the removal. </li></ul><ul><li>The Trail of Tears removed Native Americans from Georgia and other eastern lands to lands west of the Mississippi River. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The annexation of Texas was approved by Congress, this was a little before James Polk, a fan of expansion, was elected as President. </li></ul><ul><li>The annexation was after the Texas land was disputed between the settlers and Mexican government. </li></ul><ul><li>The annexation of Texas was approved by Congress on February 28, 1845. </li></ul><ul><li>Texas was annexed because of the good farming land that it had. </li></ul>Texas Annexation
  7. 7. <ul><li>The Oregon Acquisition was the adding of the once disputed land between the British and United States. It was approved by James K. Polk, the president at that current time. It was negotiated between James Buchanan, the U.S. Secretary of State, and British Queen Victoria. </li></ul><ul><li>The Oregon Treaty that set up the border between British and United States land was set at the 49 th parallel. This prevented war between the British and United States. </li></ul><ul><li>The Oregon Treaty was signed on June 15, 1846. </li></ul>Oregon Aquisition
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Mexican War, also known as the Mexican-American War, was a conflict fought between the US and Mexico from 1846-1848. </li></ul><ul><li>It occurred because of Texas’ annexation from Mexico. Mexico had not realized Texas’ secession and said they would claim back the land that was rightfully theirs. </li></ul><ul><li>Another reason for the war was the undecided border between the US and Mexico. Manifest Destiny had American citizens settling in what was believed to be Mexican Territory. </li></ul><ul><li>The war was fought in Texas, New Mexico, California, Northern, Central, and Eastern Mexico, and Mexico City. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important result of the Mexican War was the Mexican cession in which the Mexican Territories of California and New Mexico were ceded to the US. </li></ul><ul><li>The war was ended on February 2, 1848 after the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. It gave the US control of Texas, ceded California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Wyoming. In return, Mexico received $15,000,000 from the US. It also established a definite border between the US and Mexico at the Rio Grande River. </li></ul>Mexican War and Cession
  9. 9. <ul><li>The California Gold Rush was sparked by James Marshall at Sutter’s Mill in 1848, when he found a shiny rock in a river by the Mill. When he realized it was gold the word spread rapidly around the country and world. </li></ul><ul><li>Settlers from all around the country and world traveled to California, all in search of gold. </li></ul><ul><li>The gold rush occurred in California. </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of gold was discovered and the Americans citizens would stop at nothing till they found and retrieved all of it. They would do anything to find gold because they all had hopes of striking it rich. </li></ul>California Gold Rush
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Gadsden Purchase is a 29,640 mi² region of what is today southern Arizona and New Mexico that was bought by the United States from Mexico in 1853. </li></ul><ul><li>The treaty for this land was ratified by the U.S. Senate and signed by President Franklin Pierce on June 24, 1854. </li></ul><ul><li>The Gadsden Purchase allowed for the construction of a southern route for a transcontinental railroad. </li></ul>Gadsden Purchase
  11. 11. Bibliography