Celso garrido


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Celso garrido

  1. 1. 25/11/2011 HPC AS A DRIVER OF INNOVATION CELSO GARRIDO UAM AZCAPOTZALCO RISC Workshop. November 23 and 24, Conacyt, MexicoTOPICSI. Main questionsII. Science and innovationIII. New approaches to innovationIV. Innovation risk management and HPCV. Economics of HPC for innovationVI. HPC and developmentA final remark 1
  2. 2. 25/11/2011MAIN QUESTIONS Why the biggest transnational are doing an increasing use of High-Performance Computing (HPC) in its strategic management of innovation? Can the HPC be a tool to improve innovation practices of Latin American SME? Which shall be the responsibility of public and private sector to promote the use of HPG for the development of the region?II. SCIENCE AND INNOVATION A first clarification Science: Invest money to produce knowledge Economic innovation: Apply knowledge to produce money Scientific and entrepreneurs use HPC, but in this presentation, we will focus on the second one 2
  3. 3. 25/11/2011NEW APPROACHES TO INNOVATION Some basic statements on innovation Firms innovate to create value for themselves and its clients. Economic innovation by firms is an outcome of a systemic process applied by them in the context of certain economic ecosystem. Their, they combine competition and cooperation with other actors The innovation is a strategic process, so firm of any size can and has to manage it.NEW APPROACHES TO INNOVATION Innovation management According to Total Innovation Management (TIM) approach, economic innovation is a continuous process of the firm. It includes all the internal and external factors and actors of the ecosystem, under the pressure of competition• In the most dynamic industries, competition accelerates the timing of innovation and shortens the life cycle of its outcomes. 3
  4. 4. 25/11/2011NEW APPROACHES TO INNOVATION This innovation process, begin with a business model and finish when it arrives at the desired goal of value creation (product, process, organization, etc) Business models define the new ways the firm will undertake to create value based on innovations. After this, managers will make a decision about how to concrete the model (R&D, technology, design, organization, marketing, etc)NEW APPROACHES TO INNOVATION• Along the innovation process, the firms develop learning curves guided by a “try and fail” practice• This process creates risks due to the nature of innovation, that not make possible to assure a priory a successful outcome• This means that firms will have to learn how to manage risks along the learning curve, improving its conditions and timing 4
  5. 5. 25/11/2011INNOVATION RISK MANAGEMENT AND HPCHPC provides a number of powerful tools to manage the innovation processDistributed and Grid Computing Design, testing and quality productionVirtualization Visualization and Data Management.Graphics Processing Units Parallelism and Data Sharing on Multi-core ArchitecturesTools and Environments for High Modeling, simulation and analyticsPerformance System Engineering (MS&A)INNOVATION RISK MANAGEMENT AND HPCThe use of these tools has a different impact on the economic activity Lower design and production costs Increase quality Enhance capabilities offered in bidding Create highly-skilled technical workforces Improve collaboration with the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) 5
  6. 6. 25/11/2011INNOVATION RISK MANAGEMENT AND HPC All of these create an effect on “time to market”INNOVATION RISK MANAGEMENT AND HPC Benefits of management based on HPC Turn around time in a lab is about nine months; on a computer, it is less than one week. It would cost about $50,000 per compound to analyse in a lab. Computationally, we can do it for about $3,000. HPC based virtual prototyping and large scale modelling, dramatically accelerate and streamline Not only “upstream” R&D, design and engineering but also “downstream” business process (data mining, logistic, CRM, etc) 6
  7. 7. 25/11/2011INNOVATION RISK MANAGEMENT AND HPC Main barriers for the use of HPC Educational and training hurdles (shortage of computational scientists) Technical obstacles (e.g., legacy codes need updating, new code development lags, growing performance gap between fast processors and other system technologies) Firms often see HPC as a cost, rather than a value investment, largely due to the difficulty businesses had in determining the return on investment (ROI) of HPC systemsECONOMICS OF HPC FOR INNOVATION Evolution of the HCP industry at a global level Accelerated technological changes required by the international competition Servers were the largest segment but declined as a percentage throughout the forecast period The highest growth rates will be in storage and services 7
  8. 8. 25/11/2011ECONOMICS OF HPC FOR INNOVATION Different configurationsECONOMICS OF HPC FOR INNOVATION• The total HPC market in 2010 was $25.6 billion, reaching $36.0 billion in 2015 New business models with the Internet and cloud computing HPC resources “in the cloud” are becoming increasingly available and allow users to consider the cloud as a service 8
  9. 9. 25/11/2011ECONOMICS OF HPC FOR INNOVATION Cloud as a Service business: dynamically scalable and virtualizes resources as a service over the Internet IaaS PaaS Saas Infrastructure as a Service Platform as a Service Software as a Service Accessible on line, anytime, anywhere Pay for what you use Available on demand Service level agreements Automated scalability, failover Concurrency managementECONOMICS OF HPC FOR INNOVATION HPC operates in an economic ecosystem 9
  10. 10. 25/11/2011ECONOMICS OF HPC FOR INNOVATION HPC is an innovation accelerator that propels productivity, competitiveness and economic developmentHPC AND DEVELOPMENT However, to make such competitiveness change, it is necessary to consider that the relation HPC- innovation shall apply in a National Innovation System (NIS) 10
  11. 11. 25/11/2011 HPC AND DEVELOPMENT Conceptual diagram of the NIS Products and services Development in terms of Market Market both science/technology and industry Innovators Universities Companies Industry Utilize knowledge Demand Produce knowledge CollaborationKnowledge base Knowledge base Develop social Labour Tax and Policy Infrastructure policy financial policy Economy Education Science and policy policy technology policy Government Society Politics and economy Environment, culture, tradition, national character HPC AND DEVELOPMENT To increase the impact of HPC on innovation, we have to consider three key elements Cooperation among public- private sector to enhance the use of HPC as a tool for innovation Cooperation among university and firms to share HPC facilities Develop the use of HPC in the manufacturing supply chain for modelling, simulation and analytics (MS&A) 11
  12. 12. 25/11/2011FINAL REMARK IF A COUNTRY WANTS OUT COMPETE IT MUST OUT COMPUTE ¡¡¡ THANKS ¡¡¡ garridocelso@hotmail.com 12