Air Cargo (Air Freight) Terminology and Abbreviation by tilak

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Air Cargo (Air Freight) Terminology and Abbreviation.

It includes all the details of Air Freight / Air Cargo abbreviation and terminology.

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Air Cargo (Air Freight) Terminology and Abbreviation by tilak

  1. 1. Collected by: Tilak Air Cargo Terms and Abbreviations A2A Airport-to-airport A2D Airport-to-door ADV Advise, Advised, Advising AEA Association of European Airlines (see the page “Interest Organisations” of this website also) Airline Company operating aircraft between steady origin and destination airports Airmail Mail travelling by air Air Operator Company operating aircraft Airport-to-airport Transport from an airport of origin to an airport of destination Allotment Assigned volume on board of a flight / day AOG Aircraft On Ground ; materials expedited for repair of a grounded aircraft AP Airport ARR Arrive, Arrived, Arrival Also a C2K milestone: ARR = cargo and documents arrived at airport of destination ATA Air Transport Association (see the page “Interest Organisations” of this website also) ATA Actual Time of Arrival ATD Actual Time of Departure Authorisation The commission to a certain person or body to act on behalf of another person or body ; the person or body can be authorised e.g. to issue air waybills or to collect freight AVI Live Animal(s) AWB Air Waybill Backlog Amount of goods still to be delivered or received and for which the planned or agreed date has expired BAG Baggage Belly Lower-deck cargo hold of an aircraft BIG Outsized cargo Blocked-space agreement A continuous reservation (allotment) for space at one or more flight / date combinations with an airline Bonded Goods Goods on which the customs duty has not yet been paid, and which therefore, are under the control of customs; usually in a Bonded warehouse. Bonded warehouse A depository for goods on which the customs duty has not been paid ; the warehouse proprietor must provide a bond (often in the form of a bank warranty or a mortgage) to the customs authorities as a security for any duties which may not be paid by the customer Booking Request for reservation of space on a flight/day, (to be) confirmed by the airline Break Bulk Agent A forwarder breaking the bulk: taking care of the unpacking and sorting of goods after the flight Breakdown List List of shipments carried in one consolidation (see also: Consolidation Manifest) Broker Person who acts as an agent or intermediary in negotiating contracts ; sometimes refers to a forwarder role Bulk Cargo Loose cargo not loaded on an ULD C2K Cargo 2000 (see the “Cargo 2000” page of this website)
  2. 2. Collected by: Tilak Cargo Aircraft Aircraft built with the purpose of carrying nothing else than cargo Cargo assembly The separate reception of parcels or packages and the holding of them for later dispatch as one consignment ; consolidator role Cargo disassembly The separation of one or more of the parcels or packages that are part of a consignment for further distribution ; break bulk role Carriage Transport ; the process of conveying cargo from one point to another Carrier The party responsible for transport of goods from one point to another, this can be for example an airline or a forwarder (as a NVOCC) CASS Cargo Accounts Settlement System CAO Cargo Aircraft Only CC Charges Collect ; pay at moment of collection of the goods CCS Cargo Community System ; information system integrating the communication between air cargo parties at an airport Certificate of Origin A certificate proving the country of original production of goods ; used for customs declaration purposes Charges collect Charges as stated on the air waybill to be collected from the consignee Charges prepaid Charges as stated on the air waybill to be collected from the shipper Claim A written complaint about the execution of a contract of transportation by a carrier, combined with a demand for financial compensation Classifying Assigning the right import classification number to goods as part of the customs declaration process CLR Clear CNEE Consignee COLL Collect, Collected, Collecting COMAT Company Material (non revenue cargo) Combi Combi Aircraft, combining transport of passengers and cargo on the main-deck Commodity Indication of the type of goods ; commodities are coded according to the harmonised system Commodity code Code used in the Harmonised System for the classification of goods, which are mostcommonly produced and traded Complaint An official statement from a customer to a carrier about his unhappiness with the service or operation of the service provider Consignee The person or company that is physically and administratively responsible for accepting the goods at final delivery (see the “Consignment” page of this website also) Consolidation A collection of shipments belonging to different shippers travelling to one destination or area to be distributed to several consignees Consolidation Manifest List of shipments carried in one consolidation Consolidation Rates Rates as given by a consolidator / forwarder Consolidator A forwarder consolidating shipments before a flight ; these shipments belonging to different shippers and travelling to one destination or area in order to be distributed to several consignees after the flight Courier Company that carries envelopes and parcels up to 75 kg from door to door ; air transport is generally outsourced to airlines Courier Rates Rates as given by a courier CPTY Capacity CRN Customs Release Note Customs Agent / Broker (Certified) Party certified to handle the customs clearance on account of importers / exporters Customs invoice (Pro forma) Invoice for import declaration (customs and statistics) purposes, stating the commercial price, added with the costs for freight, insurance and packing etc., terms of delivery and payment
  3. 3. Collected by: Tilak Customs value Value of goods to be imported for import declaration (customs and statistics) purposes D2A Door-to-airport D2D Door-to-door Dangerous Goods Goods that can be hazardous for health, flight-safety or materials DAP A C2K key performance indicator: DAP = Delivered As Promised (NFD in full and on time statuses are achieved) DEP A C2K milestone: DEP = cargo and documents departed at airport of origin DEPT Department DG Dangerous Goods DGR Dangerous Goods Regulations (IATA) Dimensional Weight (Conversion) Concept adopted by the transportation industry worldwide as a uniform means of establishing a minimum charge for the cubic space a package occupies ; the volume is converted into a (higher) weight / price class (See the “Forwarding Out” page of this website also) DIMS Dimensions DIP Diplomatic mail DLV Deliver, Delivered, Delivering Also a C2K milestone: DLV = cargo and documents delivered to customer (forwarder) DOCS Document(s), Documentation Domestic transport Transport within a country Door-to-door Transport from an initial shipper’s house address to a final consignee’s house address Duty Tax imposed on goods imported from another country EDI Electronic Data Interchange EDIFACT Electronic Data Interchange For Administration, Commerce and Transport ; a specific EDI protocol e-Freight Electronic freight documents project from IATA ; e-Freight aims to take the paper out of the air cargo supply chain and -processes and replace it with cheaper, more accurate and more reliable electronic messaging ; facilitated by IATA, the project is an industry-wide initiative involving carriers, freight forwarders, ground handlers, shippers and customs authorities (See the “e-Freight” page of this website also) Electronic Data Interchange The interchange of electronic data, structured following an agreed protocol, between the automated information system of different parties Embargo An embargo on a certain kind of goods means these goods will not be transported by the airline, often for flight-safety reasons Equipment Materials needed to handle or transport goods ESC European Shippers’ Council (see the page “Interest Organisations” of this website also) ETA Estimated Time of Arrival ETD Estimated Time of Departure Expediting Forwarding goods (in less than the normal lead time) Expeditor Forwarder FAK Freight All Kinds FAK-Rates Rates for Freight All Kinds FAP A C2K key performance indicator: FAP = Flown As Planned (the complete shipment has flown at or before the last planned flight with a maximum 12 hour delay) FCL Full Container Load
  4. 4. Collected by: Tilak FDCA Found Cargo FFM Freight Forwarding Message (electronic) FIATA International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (see the page “Interest Organisations” of this website also) FLT Flight Forwarder Company specialized in providing door-to-airport transport, arranging connecting air transport and/or airport-to-door transport for parcels and consolidations > 75 kg or up to anything that fits in an aircraft ; the air transport is generally outsourced to airlines and sometimes aircraft operators or air charter companies (See the pages “Forwarding In” and “Fowarding Out” of this website also) Forwarder network A network existing of different smaller to medium sized forwarding companies all over the world working together Freighter Aircraft built with the purpose of carrying nothing else than cargo FSU Freight Status Update Fuel surcharge Surcharge added to the cargo rate to cover the additional costs of increasing fuel-prices ; these will generally folow a certain index Full charter Chartering the full available volume of an aircraft or flight/day Full Container Load Container fully loaded, generally with goods belonging to one party Full freighter Aircraft built with the purpose of carrying nothing else than cargo FWB Electronic air waybill message Also a C2K milestone: FWB = the shipment is booked at the airline, next an electronic air waybill is generated by agent (forwarder) ; this creates the so-called route map in C2K in which all the steps are followed FYI For Your Information General Cargo Rates Rates for all different kinds of cargo, not falling into a specific handling and/or rate category GSA General Sales Agent GSF Global Shippers Forum (see the page “Interest Organisations” of this website also) Handling Agent Agent handling the ramp and/or warehouse cargo operation for an airline Harmonised System A numeric multi purpose system for the classification of goods with its six digits covering about 5000 descriptions of the products or groups of products most commonly produced and traded, designed for customs purposes, but can also be used for statistics, transport purposes, export, import and manufacturing; the international convention on the HS was established under auspices of the World Customs Organisation in 1983 Haulage Inland transport of cargo Haulier Road carrier HEA Heavy Cargo HAWB House Air Waybill House Air Waybill The shipment contract between the end-customer and the forwarder (see the page “Forwarding Out” of this website for further purposes and explanation) Hub Central point in a transport system or network HUM Human remains HWB House Waybill IATA International Air Transport Association (see the page “Interest Organisations” of this website also) IATA-Agent An IATA certified agent
  5. 5. Collected by: Tilak ICAL Inbound Cargo Action List ICAO International Civil Aviation Organisation (see the page “Interest Organisations” of this website also) ICE Dry Ice Shipment IN Inches Inco terms Internationally agreed set of standard delivery terms Integrator Carrier integrating different modes of transport to form a door-to-door transport or supply chain ; this term mostly refers to the large international express companies who’s core business is to carry envelopes and parcels up to 75 kg, often overnight or even same day Intermodal Transport The movement of cargo in a supply chain by more than one mode of transport ; for example road/air or sea/air transport INV Invoice ISA If Space Available KG Kilos L/C Letter of Credit LCL Less than Container Load Less than Container Load Container partly filled with goods from one party, or an amount of goods that is not sufficient to fill one container and will therefore likely be consolidated LHO Living Human Organs / Blood License, import / export Governmental permit to import / export certain goods under certain conditions Line item Order line, each line on a packing list or invoice to be declared for customs Load factor The extent to which the aircraft (weight-, volume-, ULD-) capacity is efficiently utilized (to generate profit) LOC Location Loose cargo / shipments Cargo / shipments not loaded on an ULD Lower deck The (cargo) deck below the main deck or upper deck of an aircraft LT Local Time Main deck Upper deck ; the (cargo) deck above the lower deck of an aircraft Manifest, flight Document listing the air waybills and a specification of the related goods carried on a flight Master Air Waybill The shipment contract between the forwarder and the airline (see the page “Forwarding Out” of this website for further purposes and explanation) MAWB Master Air Waybill MFST Manifest Minimum Rate Rate to cover the basic costs of carrying a shipment MSG Message(s) Network Forwarder A large forwarding company with worldwide branches NFD A C2K milestone: NFD = cargo and documents ready for pick-up at airline (handler), the customer (forwarder) is notified NND Notice of Non Delivery NON-IATA Airline or agent that is not a member of IATA Nose loading Loading cargo through the cargo door in the nose of an aircraft Notify address Address of a party other than the consignee to be notified of arrival of the goods Notify party Party other than the consignee to be notified of arrival of the goods NOTOC Notification To Captain ; list for the captain of the aircraft with goods carried on board N-Rates Rates for shipments with weights up to 45 kg
  6. 6. Collected by: Tilak NVOCC Non Vessel Operating/Owning Cargo Carrier ; in case of Air Cargo a Carrier (e.g. a Forwarder or Consolidator) who issues Air Waybills for the carriage of cargo on aircraft which he does not operate or own OAG Official Airlines Guide OB On Board Oversized cargo Cargo that exceeds the dimensions of an ULD Package Packed piece of cargo Packing list A list for customs declaration and consignment purposes stating number and kinds of packages being shipped, totals of gross, legal, and net weights of the packages, marks and numbers on the packages, contents and part-/serialnumbers Pallet A (standardized) platform on which goods can be stacked for transport or warehouse handling purposes Pallet, aircraft A (standardized) platform on which goods can be stacked for air transport purposes Pallet net A net used to secure the cargo on the aircraft pallet Parcel Package Part charter Chartering of a part of the available volume on an aircraft or flight/day Part shipment Part of a shipment that travels on a different flight and/or day than the rest of the shipment due to available capacity with the airline PAX Passenger(s) Payload The (cargo) load that can be carried by an aircraft (to generate revenue) PC Piece(s) PER Perishable Cargo PFI Pro Forma Invoice POA Proof Of Acceptance ; legal proof a shipment has been accepted by a party POD Proof Of Delivery ; legal proof a shipment has been delivered by a party POD Place Of Delivery PP Charges Prepaid PPD Prepaid Pre-alert Message stating the current and or expected status of the goods Principal The customer ordering the transport or related services PSH Part Shipment QNTY Quantity Q-Rates Rates with a quantity discount RCF A C2K milestone: RCF = cargo has arrived in the cargo bay at final destination ; cargo and airwaybill are administratively received in the system RCPT Receipt, Reception RCS A C2K milestone: RCS = cargo and documents are received 'Ready For Carriage' and accepted by airline (handler) Ready For Carriage (By Air) The goods are correctly packed and labeled, and customs cleared, with the right documents attached Ready For Transport (By Road) The goods are correctly packed and labeled, with the right documents attached RFC Ready For Carriage RFT Ready For Transport Routing The path that is (to be) followed by the goods from shipper to consignee RUSHR Rush Reply SASPO As Soon As Possible SAWB Substitute Air Waybill
  7. 7. Collected by: Tilak Security surcharge Surcharge added to the cargo rate to cover the additional costs of the increasing number of security checks and related administration that are legally required by the authorities Shipper The person or company that is physically and administratively responsible for shipping the goods ; for an airline in most cases a forwarder will be the shipper, for a forwarder the shipper is a third party, for example a trading company, a manufacturer, etc. (see the “Shipping” page of this website also) Shipper’s Letter of Instruction Document issued by the shipper to instruct and authorize the forwarder to forward and declare goods on his behalf ; contains all shipment details needed to facilitate these services SHPMNT Shipment Side loading Loading cargo through a cargo door in the side of an aircraft Skid Pallet S/L Short Loaded SLI Shipper’s Letter of Instruction SSPD Short Shipped ; stayed behind TACT The Air Cargo Tariff ; publication of official airline tariffs TBA Time Before Arrival TBD Time Before Departure TEMP Temperature TIACA The International Air Cargo Association (see the page “Interest Organisations” of this website also) TILNA Tilting Not Allowed TILTA Tilting Allowed Time Slot The agreed time to collect or deliver goods Tonne Kilometer One tonne (1000 kg or 2204.6 lb) metric flown one kilometer ; productivity indicator TRA Transit Tracing Retrieving (information on) the status of goods and documents Tracking Regular checking on the status of goods and documents Track & Trace Automated regular retrieval of (information on) the status of goods and documents and checking these against the agreed norms Transfer cargo Transfer of cargo from one flight to another Transito / Transit cargo Transfer of cargo from one flight to another TRM Transfer Manifest TTL Total ULD Unit Load Device ULD, contoured Unit Load Device shaped to exactly fit in an aircraft UNACC Unaccompanied Unit Load Device Standardized air cargo loading equipment (pallet, container) Upper deck Main deck ; the (cargo) deck above the lower deck of an aircraft VAL Valuable cargo VAT Value Added Tax VOL Volume Volume charge Air transport charge based on the volume of goods instead of the actual weight (see “Dimensional Weight” and “Weight charge” also) VUN Vulnerable cargo Weight charge Air transport charge based on the actual weight of the goods (see “Dimensional Weight” and “Volume charge” also) Weight & Balance Management of the weight and allocation of cargo, passengers and fuel for a flight W/H Warehouse
  8. 8. Collected by: Tilak XPS Priority Small Package XS In Excess Yield management The process of maximizing the contribution (revenue) of the (transport & handling) network, equipment, infrastructure and resources

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