Can the Green Economy Deliver?

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Soledad Ghione from CLAES (Latin American Center for Social Ecology) asks, 'Can the Green Economy Deliver'?

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Can the Green Economy Deliver?

  1. 1. Can Green Economy Deliver? Soledad Ghione s.ghione@ambiental.net Latin American Center for Social Ecology Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY
  2. 2. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Latin American Center for Social Ecology (CLAES for its acronym in Spanish: Centro Latino Americano de Ecología Social)
  3. 3. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Latin American Center for Social Ecology (CLAES for its acronym in Spanish: Centro Latino Americano de Ecología Social) - Think tank on alternatives to development
  4. 4. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Latin American Center for Social Ecology (CLAES for its acronym in Spanish: Centro Latino Americano de Ecología Social) - Think tank on alternatives to development - Works in most Latin American countries and bases in Montevideo (Uruguay)
  5. 5. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Latin American Center for Social Ecology (CLAES for its acronym in Spanish: Centro Latino Americano de Ecología Social) - Think tank on alternatives to development - Works in most Latin American countries and bases in Montevideo (Uruguay) - Research on sustainable development, conservation, environmental policy, integration and economy
  6. 6. Can Green Economy Deliver?
  7. 7. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? UNEP defines a green economy as one that results in “improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities” (UNEP 2010)
  8. 8. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? UNEP defines a green economy as one that results in “improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities” (UNEP 2010) a new economic paradigm
  9. 9. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? However, GE is neither so new, nor so green…
  10. 10. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver?It is based on the most common definition of Sustainable Development World Commission on Environment and Development (1987)
  11. 11. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver?It is based on the most common definition of Sustainable Development World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (WCED, 1987)
  12. 12. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? This definition of sustainable development assumes limits, but they are not absolute; they are relative
  13. 13. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? This definition of sustainable development assumes limits, but they are not absolute; they are relative Limits can be managed (“ordered and improved”) to enter in a new era of economic growth
  14. 14. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Green Economy Scenario Natural Economic Resources Growth (used efficiently)
  15. 15. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Green Economy Scenario Natural Economic Resources Growth (used efficiently) A NEW ENGINE OF GROWTH
  16. 16. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? GE is based on Environmental Economy
  17. 17. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? GE is based on Environmental Economy Serious deficiencies to face environmental problems
  18. 18. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? GE is based on Environmental Economy Serious deficiencies to face environmental problems Uses economic instruments to put a price on Nature Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES)
  19. 19. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Definition: Payment for Ecosystem Service A PES is: 1. a voluntary transaction where 2. a well-defined ES 3. is being ‘bought’ by an ES buyer 4. from an ES provider 5. if and only if the ES provider secures ES provision (conditionality) (Wunder 2005)
  20. 20. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Payment for Ecosystem Service In practice: no single PES scheme satisfied all five criteria (Wunder 2005)
  21. 21. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Payment for Ecosystem Service - There are no proofs of effectiveness (only local effects)
  22. 22. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Payment for Ecosystem Service - There are no proofs of effectiveness (only local effects) - Ecological processes and functions considered “services” (isolating them from the entire ecosystem)
  23. 23. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Payment for Ecosystem Service - There are no proofs of effectiveness (only local effects) - Ecological processes and functions considered “services” (isolating them from the entire ecosystem) - If there is payment, there is conservation – what happens when payment stops?
  24. 24. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Payment for Ecosystem Service Ecological processes with economic value are those under most pressure, and that a “buyer” or “donor” is willing to pay (carbon sequestration, landscape beauty, etc.)
  25. 25. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Payment for Ecosystem Service What about those organisms that are neither beautiful, nor (apparently) useful?
  26. 26. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? So, can GE deliver?
  27. 27. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? So, can GE deliver? It is doubtful
  28. 28. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? So, can GE deliver? It is doubtful GE is insufficient to conserve Nature and to solve environmental problems
  29. 29. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? The question is…
  30. 30. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? The question is… the conception of DEVELOPMENT (its not considered in GE proposal)
  31. 31. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? It is necessary to look for alternatives to the entire body of ideas about development
  32. 32. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? It is necessary to look for alternatives to the entire body of ideas about development Ethical dimension is the key
  33. 33. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? It is necessary to look for alternatives to the entire body of ideas about development Ethical dimension is the key RECOGNIZING THE RIGHTS OF NATURE
  34. 34. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? It would be no longer needed to search for economic value of natural resources
  35. 35. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? It would be no longer needed to search for economic value of natural resources Nature has an intrinsic value
  36. 36. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Alternative scenario Conservation of Alternatives to Nature DEVELOPMENT
  37. 37. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Alternatives to DEVELOPMENT
  38. 38. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Alternatives to DEVELOPMENT - Multi-valuation of Nature (not only economic)
  39. 39. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Alternatives to DEVELOPMENT - Multi-valuation of Nature (not only economic) - Nature as Natural Patrimony
  40. 40. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Alternatives to DEVELOPMENT - Multi-valuation of Nature (not only economic) - Nature as Natural Patrimony - Biocentric perspective
  41. 41. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Alternatives to DEVELOPMENT - Multi-valuation of Nature (not only economic) - Nature as Natural Patrimony - Biocentric perspective - Technical solutions are necessary but not enough
  42. 42. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Alternatives to DEVELOPMENT - Multi-valuation of Nature (not only economic) - Nature as Natural Patrimony - Biocentric perspective - Technical solutions are necessary but not enough - Right of Nature recognized - intrinsic value of Nature
  43. 43. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Alternatives to DEVELOPMENT - Multi-valuation of Nature (not only economic) - Nature as Natural Patrimony - Biocentric perspective - Technical solutions are necessary but not enough - Right of Nature recognized - intrinsic value of Nature - Multicultural inclusion
  44. 44. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Alternatives to DEVELOPMENT - Multi-valuation of Nature (not only economic) - Nature as Natural Patrimony - Biocentric perspective - Technical solutions are necessary but not enough - Right of Nature recognized - intrinsic value of Nature - Multicultural inclusion - Life Quality - post materialistic
  45. 45. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy Deliver? Thank you for your attention
  46. 46. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy´ Deliver? (UNEP 2010, pp.16)
  47. 47. Global Transition Dialogue 2012, NY Can Green Economy´ Deliver? (UNEP 2010, pp.16)

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