EAGLE BATTALION<br />PATROLLING & VARIABLES<br />March 10, 2010<br />“We Commission, Army Strong”<br />
AGENDA<br />Patrolling<br />Walkthrough <br />Duties & responsibilities of PL/APL/RTO<br />Time management<br />Best pract...
Assembly Area/ ORP Operations<br />ALPHA TEAM<br />ALPHA TEAM<br />TL<br />TL<br />PL<br />APL<br />SL<br />AR<br />AR<br ...
Movement<br />BRAVO TEAM<br />ALPHA TEAM<br />BRAVO TEAM<br />ALPHA TEAM<br />PL<br />1ST<br />SL<br />2ND<br />SL<br />AP...
The Objective<br />TL<br />2ST   SQUAD<br />OBJ<br />SL<br />APL<br />1ST   SQUAD<br />TL<br />TL<br />TL<br />PL<br />SL<...
Task Organization of a Patrol<br />Headquarters<br />Patrol Leader (PL) x1<br />Assistant Patrol Leader (APL) x1<br />Radi...
Duties and Responsibilities <br />PL<br />Ensure mission success<br />Creating/Executing the plan<br />Directing movement ...
Duties and Responsibilities cont'd<br />Assistant Patrol Leader<br />SECURITY<br />PCC/PCI’s<br />Accountability <br />Com...
Duties and Responsibilities cont'd<br />Radio-Telegraph Officer<br />Terrain model<br />Distance / Direction<br />9-line f...
Sequence of Events<br />PL receives OPORD 							(H+0)<br />PL gives a WARNO							(H+5)<br />PL creates his OPORD 							...
Locations of Key Personnel <br />Assembly Area<br />PL in center of patrol<br />RTO near the PL<br />APL moving between te...
Operation Orders<br />Each level is different<br />Patrol <br />Detailed<br />More “big picture”<br />Delegates specialty ...
PL Best Practices<br />Request:<br />Security<br />Smoke<br />Specialty weapons<br />Map overlays<br />Register targets<br...
APL Best Practices<br />Cross-load ammo between squads<br />Spot check for sensitive items<br />Ensure commo equipment wor...
RTO Best Practices<br />Identify key obstacles in the patrol’s path<br />Prepare a 9-line <br />Prepare the radios<br />Ve...
QUESTIONS?<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />16<br />
Check on Learning<br />Where are the MG’s located at the AA and OPR?<br />What does the APL do at the AA/ORP?<br />What ar...
Variables<br />Current Operating Environment<br />How do we deal with:<br />Civilians<br />The media<br />Partisans <br />...
COE<br />They speak Spanish<br />Have a Spanish smart card handy for interactions with locals<br />Thursday, March 11, 201...
Customs and Courtesies<br />Culture based upon loyalty to family, clan, tribe, and region before loyalty to nation<br />Ol...
Customs and Courtesies cont’d<br />“Losing” not “Retreating” is considered a shame; will often retreat in order to avoid s...
Customs and Courtesies cont’d<br />Key points:<br />They like to be close to you<br />Men might want to hold your hand<br ...
Civilians<br />Treat with respect<br />Make sure they are not a threat though<br />Be a problem solver for them<br />E.G. ...
Media<br />Don’t give up OPSEC or PERSEC<br />Always portray the Army in a good light<br />Know how to artfully duck trick...
Media<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />25<br />
Partisans	<br />They a generally there to help you<br />Treat them as a friendly soldier<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br ...
War Crimes<br />What are war crimes?<br />When you see it happening, stop it immediately<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br ...
Variables in General	<br />Ensure security<br />Don’t let things spiral out of control<br />Don’t allow torture<br />Know ...
QUESTIONS?<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />29<br />
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Patrolling & Variables

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  • ORIENTATION OF THE SQUADS WHERE ARE THE MG’s?WHERE ARE THE:MGTLSLAPLPL RTO
  • PL IN THE MIDDLE WITH RTOAPL WITH 2ND SL
  • PL WITH MCPWAPL IN THE MIDDLESL WITH PL/APLTL’S IN THE MIDDLE OF THEIR TEAM
  • PEOPLE CAN HAVE MORE THAN ONE ROLE
  • SECURITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY IF NOTHING ELSE
  • SECURITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY IF NOTHING ELSE
  • REHERSALS START AT THE LOWEST LEVEL AND PROGRESS UPGO OVER:ACTIONS ON CONTACTACTIONS ON SNIPER FIREACTION AT LDA’sACTION ON INDIRECT FIRETHERE IS A DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AND WALKTHROUGH AND TALKTHROUGH
  • PATROL LEVEL SAYS WHAT THE PATROL WILL DO AS A WHOLESQUAD LEVEL TALKS ABOUT WHAT CADET X WILL DO IN THE PATROL
  • Patrolling & Variables

    1. 1. EAGLE BATTALION<br />PATROLLING & VARIABLES<br />March 10, 2010<br />“We Commission, Army Strong”<br />
    2. 2. AGENDA<br />Patrolling<br />Walkthrough <br />Duties & responsibilities of PL/APL/RTO<br />Time management<br />Best practices<br />Check on learning<br />Variables<br />Customs/ courtesies for COE<br />Types<br />How to interact<br />Practical application<br />Check on learning<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />2<br />
    3. 3. Assembly Area/ ORP Operations<br />ALPHA TEAM<br />ALPHA TEAM<br />TL<br />TL<br />PL<br />APL<br />SL<br />AR<br />AR<br />SL<br />RTO<br />BRAVO TEAM<br />TL<br />TL<br />BRAVO TEAM<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />3<br />PATROLLING - WALKTHROUGH<br />
    4. 4. Movement<br />BRAVO TEAM<br />ALPHA TEAM<br />BRAVO TEAM<br />ALPHA TEAM<br />PL<br />1ST<br />SL<br />2ND<br />SL<br />APL<br />RTO<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />4<br />PATROLLING - WALKTHROUGH<br />
    5. 5. The Objective<br />TL<br />2ST SQUAD<br />OBJ<br />SL<br />APL<br />1ST SQUAD<br />TL<br />TL<br />TL<br />PL<br />SL<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />5<br />PATROLLING - WALKTHROUGH<br />
    6. 6. Task Organization of a Patrol<br />Headquarters<br />Patrol Leader (PL) x1<br />Assistant Patrol Leader (APL) x1<br />Radio-Telegraph Officer (RTO) x1<br />Squad Leaders (SL) x2<br />Team Leaders (TL) x4<br />Specialty Teams<br />Aid and Litter<br />Enemy Prisoner of War<br />Civilians/Media on the Battlefield<br />Demolitions<br />Compass<br />Pace/Point<br />Reconnaissance<br />Search <br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />6<br />PATROLLING – ORGANIZATION<br />
    7. 7. Duties and Responsibilities <br />PL<br />Ensure mission success<br />Creating/Executing the plan<br />Directing movement of patrol<br />Correct placement of mass casualty producing weapons<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />7<br />PATROLLING – ORGANIZATION<br />
    8. 8. Duties and Responsibilities cont'd<br />Assistant Patrol Leader<br />SECURITY<br />PCC/PCI’s<br />Accountability <br />Communication <br />Consolidation of information for PL<br />ACE<br />9-line<br />SALUTE<br />Reads Service Support paragraph in OPORD<br />Ensures OPORD is being briefed to all levels of patrol<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />8<br />PATROLLING – ORGANIZATION<br />
    9. 9. Duties and Responsibilities cont'd<br />Radio-Telegraph Officer<br />Terrain model<br />Distance / Direction<br />9-line format<br />Communication with the APL<br />Ensure the PL sticks to the timeline<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />9<br />PATROLLING – ORGANIZATION<br />
    10. 10. Sequence of Events<br />PL receives OPORD (H+0)<br />PL gives a WARNO (H+5)<br />PL creates his OPORD (H+20)<br />RTO makes terrain model<br />Squads start specialty team training<br />APL does PCC/ cross-loads ammo/ checks security<br />PL briefs OPORD to SL’s (H+30)<br />One squad briefs OPORD at a time (H+40)<br />Thorough patrol level rehearsals (H+60)<br />Cross LD (H+80)<br />Establish ORP (H+110)<br />Leaders Recon (H+120)<br />Set up Assault/ Support positions (H+160)<br />Initiate Actions on the Objective (H+165)<br />Mission Complete (H+180)<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />10<br />PATROLLING – TIMING<br />
    11. 11. Locations of Key Personnel <br />Assembly Area<br />PL in center of patrol<br />RTO near the PL<br />APL moving between teams<br />Movement<br />PL + RTO between 1st and 2nd squads<br />APL with the 2nd SL<br />ORP<br />PL, RTO, and a SL with recon team<br />APL and a SL stay at the ORP<br />Assault/Support at the OBJ<br />PL + RTO with assault squad<br />APL with support squad<br />On the OBJ<br />PL + RTO in the center<br />APL getting information from SL’s<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />11<br />PATROLLING – LOCATIONS<br />
    12. 12. Operation Orders<br />Each level is different<br />Patrol <br />Detailed<br />More “big picture”<br />Delegates specialty team taskings<br />Actions to take on…<br />Squad<br />More detailed<br />Focused on their part of the operation<br />Tasks individuals for specialty teams<br />How the action will be executed<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />12<br />PATROLLING – OPORDS<br />
    13. 13. PL Best Practices<br />Request:<br />Security<br />Smoke<br />Specialty weapons<br />Map overlays<br />Register targets<br />Plot possible aerial AND vehicular MEDEVAC sites near the OBJ<br />Don’t micromanage entire OP<br />Make alternate routes<br />Plan for FRAGO’s<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />13<br />PATROLLING – BEST PRACTICES<br />
    14. 14. APL Best Practices<br />Cross-load ammo between squads<br />Spot check for sensitive items<br />Ensure commo equipment works<br />Check that MG’s are working<br />Constantly readjust security<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />14<br />PATROLLING – BEST PRACTICES<br />
    15. 15. RTO Best Practices<br />Identify key obstacles in the patrol’s path<br />Prepare a 9-line <br />Prepare the radios<br />Verify distance and direction to OBJ<br />Very detailed terrain model<br />Tell the PL when finished so he can inspect it<br />Know position at all times while on patrol<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />15<br />PATROLLING – BEST PRACTICES<br />
    16. 16. QUESTIONS?<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />16<br />
    17. 17. Check on Learning<br />Where are the MG’s located at the AA and OPR?<br />What does the APL do at the AA/ORP?<br />What are 2 responsibilities of the PL?<br />What are 2 responsibilities of the APL?<br />What are 2 responsibilities of the RTO?<br />Where is the APL located during movement?<br />Where are the PL/APL located when setting up assault/support positions?<br />The RTO stays with who during the patrol?<br />What are 5 specialty teams in a patrol?<br />What is the main difference between a walkthrough and a talkthrough?<br />Identify 2 best practices for the PL, APL, and RTO.<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />17<br />
    18. 18. Variables<br />Current Operating Environment<br />How do we deal with:<br />Civilians<br />The media<br />Partisans <br />War crimes<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />18<br />
    19. 19. COE<br />They speak Spanish<br />Have a Spanish smart card handy for interactions with locals<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />19<br />
    20. 20. Customs and Courtesies<br />Culture based upon loyalty to family, clan, tribe, and region before loyalty to nation<br />Old age is respected and honored; emphasis on obeying elders<br />Sense of time is casual and fluid; negotiations are normally slow and extended<br />No concept of personal space; there is no “3 foot American bubble”<br />Don’t move away if an Atropian “invades your space”<br />Public Display of Affection common between same sexes is accepted and often expected<br />Honor most important virtue: external public perception of honor <br />Never criticize in public <br />Hospitality closely linked to honor – refusal is an insult<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />20<br />
    21. 21. Customs and Courtesies cont’d<br />“Losing” not “Retreating” is considered a shame; will often retreat in order to avoid shame and “live to fight another day”<br />Don’t engage women socially<br />Don’t shake a female’s hand unless she offers it first<br />Women are the custodians of family honor; rude to inquire about a female member of their family; Don’t look, touch or ask<br />Don’t blatantly cross your legs<br />Don’t show bottoms of your feet; means that you think person is lower than dirt<br />Shame equals humiliation; difficult to say ‘no’ to a request because it is impolite; may intentionally mislead instead; “Yes” may mean I understand and not “I agree”<br />Don’t use finger or hand gestures<br />Non-verbal signals or body language are a large part of communication in region;  Certain gestures, while common in U.S., may be offensive and essentially disrupt message you are intending to convey<br />The “okay” sign of thumbs up is actually a form of a local curse<br />Sense of time is much more casual than the American sense of time; Americans are very time-conscious and punctuality is important; However, Atropian culture is more relaxed in its view of time.<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />21<br />
    22. 22. Customs and Courtesies cont’d<br />Key points:<br />They like to be close to you<br />Men might want to hold your hand<br />Don’t criticize or embarrass them<br />If you’re a male don’t talk to or acknowledge females <br />Don’t refuse food/drink unless it is dangerous or illegal<br />Don’t cross your legs, use the OK symbol, or show the bottom of your feet<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />22<br />
    23. 23. Civilians<br />Treat with respect<br />Make sure they are not a threat though<br />Be a problem solver for them<br />E.G. his kids are hungry  give them MRE’s<br />Never make promises<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />23<br />
    24. 24. Media<br />Don’t give up OPSEC or PERSEC<br />Always portray the Army in a good light<br />Know how to artfully duck tricky questions<br />Make the story about your soldiers not the mission<br />Don’t allow them to impede or jeopardize the mission<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />24<br />
    25. 25. Media<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />25<br />
    26. 26. Partisans <br />They a generally there to help you<br />Treat them as a friendly soldier<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />26<br />
    27. 27. War Crimes<br />What are war crimes?<br />When you see it happening, stop it immediately<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />27<br />
    28. 28. Variables in General <br />Ensure security<br />Don’t let things spiral out of control<br />Don’t allow torture<br />Know how to handle FRAGO’s<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />28<br />
    29. 29. QUESTIONS?<br />Thursday, March 11, 2010<br />29<br />

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