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Buddhism vs Hinduism


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Buddhism vs Hinduism

  1. 1. What do you thinkBuddha looks like?
  2. 2. NOOOOOOO!!!
  4. 4. India is the birthplace of what two religions?a.Hinduism, Christianityb.Islam, Christianityc. Buddhism, Hinduismd. Hinduism, Islam
  5. 5. C. Hinduism and Buddhism
  6. 6. The Birth of Buddhism Founded by Siddhartha Gautama. Sixth century B.C. In Northern India (present day Nepal) Soon became the rival of Hinduism Siddhartha Gautama
  7. 7. The Birth of Buddhism
  8. 8. The Story of Siddhartha Born a prince in 563(?) B.C. Kingdom in the Himalayas (Nepal) Led a sheltered, very easy life-he had everything he could desire Queen Maya-Siddhartha’s mother
  9. 9. The Story of Siddhartha Not until his late 20s did he discover old age, death and suffering in poor areas Decided to spend his life seeking a cure for human suffering Became the Buddha=“enlightened one”, while meditating under a Bodhi tree.
  10. 10. Who was the Founder of Buddhisma.Siddhartha Gautamab. Gandhic. Benazir Bhuttod.Mohandas Gandhi
  11. 11. A. Siddhartha Gautama
  12. 12. The Basic Principles of Buddhism Nirvana = the ultimate reality-the end of the self and a reunion with the universe Pain,poverty, sorrow are caused by human attachment to the material world Pain & sorrow can be forgotten by letting go of worldly cares
  13. 13. The Four Noble Truths1. Ordinary life is full of suffering.2. This suffering is caused by our desire to satisfy ourselves.3. The way to end suffering is to end desire for selfish goals and to see others as extensions of ourselves.4. The way to end desire is to follow the Middle Path.
  14. 14. The Eightfold Path Also called the Middle Path or Middle Way Leads to the end of suffering-Nirvana Further subdivided into three basic categories: Wisdom, Ethical Conduct, Mental Discipline
  15. 15. According to Buddhism, anend to all suffering and sorrow iscalled a. heaven b. enlightenment c. Nirvana d. Nirvagan
  16. 16. C. Nirvana
  17. 17. Which is a characteristic of theBuddhist religion?a. all is pain and sufferingb. Nirvana is the ultimate realityc. pain can be forgotten byletting go of worldly caresd. all of the above
  18. 18. D. All of the Above
  19. 19. Hinduism God is one-but goes by many names  Brahman-all of the universe is a part of Brahman No single founder-combination of beliefs Sacred texts-Vedas and Upanishads
  20. 20. Goal of Life Atman-essential self every person has one. Want to achieve moksha-being one with Brahman Do through reincarnation until they get it right.
  21. 21. Karma and Dharma Karma-actions in this life that affect the next. Dharma-the religious and moral duties of an individual. Caste system-strict  Group you are in according to class, occupation, or gender.
  22. 22. Buddhism vs. Hinduism Founder Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama Hinduism No particular Prophet
  23. 23. Buddhism vs. Hinduism Relationship with God BuddhismThe Buddha is NOT a God HinduismAtman=the individualsoulBrahman=the SupremeCreator
  24. 24. Buddhism vs. Hinduism Goal of Life Buddhism Ending Human Sorrow and Suffering Nirvana Hinduism Moksha- Enlightenment
  25. 25. Buddhism vs. Hinduism Sacred Texts Buddhism None Hinduism The Vedas and Upandishads
  26. 26. Buddhism vs. Hinduism Attitude Toward the Material World Buddhism Hinduism Detachment from worldly life and rejection of desire (the chief cause of suffering)
  27. 27. Buddhism vs. Hinduism Attitude Toward Nonviolence Buddhism Hinduism Compassion, nonviolence towards all living things
  28. 28. Buddhism vs. Hinduism Reincarnation Buddhism Hinduism Karma The Cycle of Rebirth
  29. 29. Buddhism vs. Hinduism Caste System Buddhism Rejects the Caste System-all human beings can reach Nirvana as a result of their behavior in this life Hinduism Division of human beings into strict social castes based on karma from previous life
  30. 30. Buddhism vs. Hinduism Buddhism HinduismFounder Siddhartha No Particular Gautama ProphetRelationship The Buddha is Atmanwith God NOT a God BrahmanGoal of Life Ending Human Moksha- suffering Enlightenment NirvanaSacred Texts None The Vedas & UpandishadsAttitude Toward Detach oneself from worldly life.the Material Reject desire as the chief causeWorld of suffering
  31. 31. Buddhism vs. Hinduism Buddhism HinduismAttitude Compassion & Nonviolencetoward towards all living thingsNonviolenceReincarnation Karma & the Cycle of RebirthCaste System Rejects the Division of Caste System-all human beings human beings into rigidly could reach defined castes Nirvana as a based on result of their previous behavior in this karma life
  32. 32. What is the holy river toHindus? a. Nile b. Indus c. Arabian d. Ganges
  33. 33. A Hindu Holy Man Worshiping at the GangesD. Ganges River