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What does it mean  to be a hero? Paine College, Augusta, GA  Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial & Enrichment Center   rev. 10/2006
Dictionary definition: “ a person of distinguished courage or ability…admired for brave deeds and noble qualities…role mod...
Joseph Campbell defines heroes as those who have given their lives to something bigger than themselves.
Who are heroes? <ul><li>Fictional Heroes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek mythology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King Arthur </li...
2 Types Heroic Deeds <ul><li>Physical deeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hero  risks  his/her  life  and makes great  sacrifices ...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
What Makes a Hero? <ul><li>First, list as many heroes as you can think of… </li></ul>Next, choose  three  heroes from your...
What Makes a Hero? Now, list characteristics they have in common. Finally, circle the three most important traits.
<ul><li>Write your definition  </li></ul><ul><li>of a hero. </li></ul>What is a Hero?
Structure of an Essay <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must contain a thesis statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Thesis Statement (3 elements) <ul><li>Topic   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What the essay is about </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Control...
Body Paragraphs <ul><li>Supporting Details </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Level 1: Topic Sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Co...
From Broad to Specific <ul><li>Animals   (essay level) </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs   (paragraph level) </li></ul><ul><li>Poodle...
To begin… Fold your paper into four squares. Darken in the lines. Write your basic thesis statement above the line in the ...
A hero is one who exemplifies the following characteristics:… Now we have to answer the question—Why?  Provide  reasons , ...
Basic Thesis Statement ( because ) + the three reasons, examples, facts, or incidents in Box 1 of each section A hero is o...
A hero is one who exemplifies the following characteristics. Now we need to clarify what we mean by each reason.  In other...
<ul><li>For each of your heroes, think of a time when he/she exhibited each of the characteristics you circled. </li></ul>...
A hero is one who exemplifies the following characteristics. Now we need to clarify what we mean by each reason.  In other...
<ul><li>How do each of these examples support your definition of a hero? </li></ul>Supporting Evidence
Pick the main points <ul><li>For each of your examples, only include the main points </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t have to t...
A hero is one who exemplifies the following characteristics. Add Transition Words Connect Paragraphs Connect Ideas within ...
Now, it’s your turn <ul><li>Take the Thesis Statement and each main supporting detail (characteristic) </li></ul><ul><li>T...
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What Is A Hero?

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Provides an introduction for writing a definition essay using the 4-square organizational method. Prompt: What is a hero?

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What Is A Hero?

  1. 2. What does it mean to be a hero? Paine College, Augusta, GA Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial & Enrichment Center rev. 10/2006
  2. 3. Dictionary definition: “ a person of distinguished courage or ability…admired for brave deeds and noble qualities…role model, ideal…” (excerpts, Webster, Unabridged, 2nd edition, 2001)
  3. 4. Joseph Campbell defines heroes as those who have given their lives to something bigger than themselves.
  4. 5. Who are heroes? <ul><li>Fictional Heroes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek mythology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King Arthur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Lord of the Rings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Star Wars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comic Book Characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video Games </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Political Figures </li></ul><ul><li>Astronauts </li></ul><ul><li>Firemen/Police officers </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Survivors/Victims of the Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>Sports Figures </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights Activists </li></ul><ul><li>Everyday persons </li></ul>
  5. 6. 2 Types Heroic Deeds <ul><li>Physical deeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hero risks his/her life and makes great sacrifices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hero overcomes great obstacles to succeed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spiritual deeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hero has a supernormal/spiritual experience and comes back to share a message, lesson, gift, or idea </li></ul></ul>
  6. 34. What Makes a Hero? <ul><li>First, list as many heroes as you can think of… </li></ul>Next, choose three heroes from your list.
  7. 35. What Makes a Hero? Now, list characteristics they have in common. Finally, circle the three most important traits.
  8. 36. <ul><li>Write your definition </li></ul><ul><li>of a hero. </li></ul>What is a Hero?
  9. 37. Structure of an Essay <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must contain a thesis statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must catch the reader’s attention </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Body Paragraphs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 levels supporting details </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides closure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Summarizes main points </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Makes connections </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 38. Thesis Statement (3 elements) <ul><li>Topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What the essay is about </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Controlling idea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be provable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hawaii is the best vacation spot. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dress codes should be banned. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May also reference the three supporting details </li></ul>
  11. 39. Body Paragraphs <ul><li>Supporting Details </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Level 1: Topic Sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling sentences name and control the topic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Level 2: Clarifying Sentences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Help make the topic clearer—explain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Level 3: Completing sentences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Add specific details that explain or describe the topic </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 40. From Broad to Specific <ul><li>Animals (essay level) </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs (paragraph level) </li></ul><ul><li>Poodles (clarifying) </li></ul><ul><li>Fifi (completing) </li></ul>
  13. 41. To begin… Fold your paper into four squares. Darken in the lines. Write your basic thesis statement above the line in the middle to remind you of what you will be proving.
  14. 42. A hero is one who exemplifies the following characteristics:… Now we have to answer the question—Why? Provide reasons , examples , incidents , facts/statistics to support your thesis.
  15. 43. Basic Thesis Statement ( because ) + the three reasons, examples, facts, or incidents in Box 1 of each section A hero is one who exemplifies the following characteristics: courage, self-sacrifice, leadership. A hero is one who exemplifies the following characteristics: courage self-sacrifice leadership
  16. 44. A hero is one who exemplifies the following characteristics. Now we need to clarify what we mean by each reason. In other words, why/how do the people you chose as heroes exhibit these characteristics? Paint a picture with words. courage self-sacrifice leadership Luke Skywalker Karen Silkwood Martin Luther King
  17. 45. <ul><li>For each of your heroes, think of a time when he/she exhibited each of the characteristics you circled. </li></ul>Supporting Evidence
  18. 46. A hero is one who exemplifies the following characteristics. Now we need to clarify what we mean by each reason. In other words, why/how do the people you chose as heroes exhibit these characteristics? Paint a picture with words. courage self-sacrifice leadership <ul><li>Luke Skywalker </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facing Darth Vader one on one </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Karen Silkwood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>testified to the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) about safety issues at nuclear plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Martin Luther King </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spent the night in B’ham jail </li></ul></ul>
  19. 47. <ul><li>How do each of these examples support your definition of a hero? </li></ul>Supporting Evidence
  20. 48. Pick the main points <ul><li>For each of your examples, only include the main points </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t have to tell the whole story </li></ul>
  21. 49. A hero is one who exemplifies the following characteristics. Add Transition Words Connect Paragraphs Connect Ideas within Paragraphs Sequence, Illustration, Addition, Cause/Effect courage self-sacrifice leadership <ul><li>Luke Skywalker </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facing Darth Vader one on one </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Karen Silkwood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>testified to the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) about safety issues at nuclear plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Martin Luther King </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spent the night in B’ham jail </li></ul></ul>First, One reason, In the beginning Next, Second, Not only…but also Most importantly, Finally, Third
  22. 50. Now, it’s your turn <ul><li>Take the Thesis Statement and each main supporting detail (characteristic) </li></ul><ul><li>Turn it into your topic sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Remember, your topic sentence must have the topic and a controlling idea </li></ul><ul><li>Your paragraph will include only one topic but numerous supporting details </li></ul>

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