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Building Word Awareness

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Provides an introduction to word parts to help students figure out the meaning of words

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Building Word Awareness

  1. 1. Building Word Part Awareness Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial and Enrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee Education Specialist
  2. 2. <ul><li>Vocabulary forms the building blocks of language </li></ul>
  3. 3. Learning is more than simply remembering
  4. 4. Building Word Awareness <ul><li>Words Parts </li></ul><ul><li>Roots </li></ul><ul><li>Prefixes </li></ul><ul><li>Suffixes </li></ul>
  5. 5. What You Will Learn <ul><li>Use roots , prefixes , and suffixes to figure out the meaning of words you do not know. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of this will seem basic. I can hear you saying, “but we studied this in elementary school.” </li></ul><ul><li>Did you retain it? </li></ul>
  6. 6. What You Will Learn <ul><li>Memory aids and study techniques to help you recall and use vocabulary </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Word parts cannot stand alone. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>prefixes re-, pre-, ab- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>suffixes -ish, -ate, -ness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some roots/base word can stand alone. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>frost, heat, use, war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some roots/base words cannot stand alone. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-bio-, -sect-, -chron- </li></ul></ul>Root Words, Prefixes, Suffixes
  8. 8. Root Words, Prefixes, Suffixes <ul><li>A word is built upon at least one root </li></ul><ul><li>Words can have more than one root, prefix, or suffix. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two or more roots ( geo / logy ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two prefixes ( in / sub / ordination ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two suffixes ( beauti / ful / ly ) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Words do not always have a prefix and a suffix. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neither a prefix nor a suffix ( read ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffix and no prefix ( read / ing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefix and no suffix ( pre / read ) </li></ul></ul>Root Words, Prefixes, Suffixes
  10. 10. <ul><li>Suffixes change the part of speech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>nation (n) – national (adj) – nationally (adv) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The spelling of roots often change as they are combined with suffixes. </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling does not change with prefixes. </li></ul>Root Words, Prefixes, Suffixes
  11. 11. Root Words, Prefixes, Suffixes <ul><li>Sometimes, what looks like a word part is not a word part. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mis in missile is part of the root and not a prefix. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different word parts may have the same meaning. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>bi-, di-, and duo- all mean “two” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>un-, dis-, il, and contra - all mean “not” </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Roots <ul><li>Roots carry the basic or core meaning of a word. </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of root words are used to build words in the English language. </li></ul><ul><li>The most common roots are from Greek and Latin. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Common Roots
  14. 14. Prefixes <ul><li>Appear at the beginnings of many English words </li></ul><ul><li>Alter the meaning of the root to which they are attached </li></ul><ul><li>Root = placed (to put) </li></ul><ul><li>Prefix = mis (wrongly) </li></ul><ul><li>Misplaced = put in the wrong place </li></ul>
  15. 15. Common Prefixes (excerpt from handout) <ul><li>“ Not” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dis- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Un- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contra- </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amount or Number </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quad- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equi- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tri- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deci - </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Direction, Location or Placement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ab- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>De- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inter- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retro- </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Suffixes <ul><li>Suffixes are word endings that often change the part of speech of a word. </li></ul><ul><li>Expand your vocabulary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn the variations in meaning that occur when adding suffixes to words you already know. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Suffixes <ul><li>For Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-ify Classify (verb) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-cation Classification (noun) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-ic Classic (adj.) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Common Suffixes (excerpt from handout) <ul><li>One Who (noun) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-er, -or (teacher) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-ee (referee) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-ist (activist ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State, Condition, Quality (adjectives) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-able, -ible (touchable) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-ive (permissive) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-ish (foolish) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to or Referring to (noun) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-ship (friendship) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-hood (brotherhood) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Direction (adverb) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-ward (homeward) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State, Condition, Quality (noun) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-ance (assistance) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-ation (confrontation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-ment (amazement) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. How to Use Word Parts <ul><li>Look for the root (a word inside a larger word). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: non/ adapt /able </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you do not recognize the root, then you will probably not be able to figure out the meaning of the word. </li></ul>
  20. 20. How to Use Word Parts <ul><li>If you do recognize the root word, look for a prefix. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: non /adapt/able </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Locate the suffix. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: non/adapt/ able </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. How to Use Word Parts <ul><li>Try out the meaning in the sentence in which the word was used. </li></ul><ul><li>The dodo became extinct because it was nonadaptable to changes in its environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Nonadaptable = not able to change </li></ul>

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