SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Totalitarian Leaders

Greg Sill
Greg Sill
Greg SillSmithtown School District

Totalitarian Leaders

1 of 25
Download to read offline
Rise of Totalitarianism
The Intra-war Years
1919-1939
A
B
Joseph
Stalin
Adolph
Hitler
C
Slobodan
Milosevic
D
Saddam
Hussein
E
Abraham
Lincoln
Elections!
Rise of TotalitarianismStalin, Mussolini, Hitler, Tojo, and
Ataturk
Joseph Stalin
After a terrible civil war and the death of Vladimir Lenin,
Joseph Stalin took power in the Soviet Union. He
immediately started putting his opponents to death and began
a ruthless program to build up industry in the USSR, killing
anyone who stood in his way!
Problems Major Reforms Examples of Totalitarian Rule
The USSR was not
industrialized and had a very
weak military
The Government was
unstable after Lenin’s death.
The economy was
improving, but many still
suffered from famine.
Collectivization of farms
Five year plans to
industrialize USSR
Total Command Economy -
government control all
means of production
Built up the military
Single party dictatorship
(Communist Party)
Ruled through fear and
terror (Reign of Terror)
Used censorship and
propaganda - schools,
newspapers, government
Secret police
Film Clip
start at 2:35
Film Clip
start at 2:35
"Agriculture is developing slowly,
comrades. This is because we have
about 25 million individually owned
farms. They are the most primitive and
undeveloped form of economy We
must do our utmost to develop large
farms and to convert them into grain
factories for the country organized on a
modern scientific basis."
The Ukrainian Famine in 1932-1933 was the result of Stalin's policy of forced
collectivization. The famine broke the peasants' will to resist collectivization
and left Ukraine politically, socially, and psychologically traumatized. The
death toll from the 1932-33 famine in Ukraine has been estimated between
six and seven million.
The Ukrainian Famine in 1932-1933 was the result of Stalin's policy of forced
collectivization. The famine broke the peasants' will to resist collectivization
and left Ukraine politically, socially, and psychologically traumatized. The
death toll from the 1932-33 famine in Ukraine has been estimated between
six and seven million.
According to a Soviet author,
"Before they died, people often lost their
senses and ceased to be human beings."
Yet one of Stalin's lieutenants in Ukraine
stated in 1933 that the famine was a great
success.
“It showed the peasants who is the
master here. It cost millions of lives, but
the collective farm system is here to
stay."
According to a Soviet author,
"Before they died, people often lost their
senses and ceased to be human beings."
Yet one of Stalin's lieutenants in Ukraine
stated in 1933 that the famine was a great
success.
“It showed the peasants who is the
master here. It cost millions of lives, but
the collective farm system is here to
stay."
Film ClipFilm Clip

Recommended

Totalitarian leaders1
Totalitarian leaders1Totalitarian leaders1
Totalitarian leaders1Greg Sill
 
The Night of the Long Knives
The Night of the Long KnivesThe Night of the Long Knives
The Night of the Long Knivesjeffmarshall
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC AIMS
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC AIMSCAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC AIMS
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC AIMSGeorge Dumitrache
 
Holocaust Summary for Middle School Students
Holocaust Summary for Middle School StudentsHolocaust Summary for Middle School Students
Holocaust Summary for Middle School Studentsgherm6
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: PROBLEMS FACING WEIMAR POLITICIANS FROM 1929
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: PROBLEMS FACING WEIMAR POLITICIANS FROM 1929CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: PROBLEMS FACING WEIMAR POLITICIANS FROM 1929
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: PROBLEMS FACING WEIMAR POLITICIANS FROM 1929George Dumitrache
 
The Rise of Hitler ppt
The Rise of Hitler pptThe Rise of Hitler ppt
The Rise of Hitler pptquillinn
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Hitler Early Years
Hitler  Early YearsHitler  Early Years
Hitler Early YearsUD Teacher
 
Rise of totalitarian dictators
Rise of totalitarian dictatorsRise of totalitarian dictators
Rise of totalitarian dictatorsezasso
 
The Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of VersaillesThe Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of VersaillesRCB78
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN QUESTIONS AND ANSWERSCAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN QUESTIONS AND ANSWERSGeorge Dumitrache
 
The Holocaust
The HolocaustThe Holocaust
The HolocaustBen Dover
 
Rise of mussolini
Rise of mussoliniRise of mussolini
Rise of mussolinipmagner
 
05. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Great Depression and LON.pptx
05. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Great Depression and LON.pptx05. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Great Depression and LON.pptx
05. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Great Depression and LON.pptxGeorge Dumitrache
 
The Rise Of Hitler
The Rise Of HitlerThe Rise Of Hitler
The Rise Of Hitlerlherzl
 
Stalin’s Social Policies
Stalin’s Social PoliciesStalin’s Social Policies
Stalin’s Social PoliciesReuben Ong
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACT
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACTCAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACT
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACTGeorge Dumitrache
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN ECONOMIC AIMS - COLLECTIVISATION AND INDUSTRIALI...
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN ECONOMIC AIMS - COLLECTIVISATION AND INDUSTRIALI...CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN ECONOMIC AIMS - COLLECTIVISATION AND INDUSTRIALI...
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN ECONOMIC AIMS - COLLECTIVISATION AND INDUSTRIALI...George Dumitrache
 
Stalin's Rise to Power
Stalin's Rise to PowerStalin's Rise to Power
Stalin's Rise to PowerReuben Ong
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN IMPACT ON CULTURE
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN IMPACT ON CULTURECAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN IMPACT ON CULTURE
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN IMPACT ON CULTUREGeorge Dumitrache
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: THE FUHRER PRINCIPLE
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: THE FUHRER PRINCIPLECAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: THE FUHRER PRINCIPLE
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: THE FUHRER PRINCIPLEGeorge Dumitrache
 
The Rise of Dictators
The Rise of DictatorsThe Rise of Dictators
The Rise of Dictatorsalmiklas
 
WWII Dictators
WWII DictatorsWWII Dictators
WWII Dictatorskbeacom
 

What's hot (20)

Hitler Early Years
Hitler  Early YearsHitler  Early Years
Hitler Early Years
 
Rise of totalitarian dictators
Rise of totalitarian dictatorsRise of totalitarian dictators
Rise of totalitarian dictators
 
32.3 the holocaust new slides
32.3 the holocaust new slides32.3 the holocaust new slides
32.3 the holocaust new slides
 
The Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of VersaillesThe Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles
 
The Rise of Stalin - Part 1
The Rise of Stalin -  Part 1The Rise of Stalin -  Part 1
The Rise of Stalin - Part 1
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN QUESTIONS AND ANSWERSCAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
 
The Holocaust
The HolocaustThe Holocaust
The Holocaust
 
Rise of mussolini
Rise of mussoliniRise of mussolini
Rise of mussolini
 
05. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Great Depression and LON.pptx
05. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Great Depression and LON.pptx05. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Great Depression and LON.pptx
05. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Great Depression and LON.pptx
 
32.1 hitler's lightning war
32.1 hitler's lightning war32.1 hitler's lightning war
32.1 hitler's lightning war
 
The Rise Of Hitler
The Rise Of HitlerThe Rise Of Hitler
The Rise Of Hitler
 
Stalin’s Social Policies
Stalin’s Social PoliciesStalin’s Social Policies
Stalin’s Social Policies
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACT
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACTCAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACT
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACT
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN ECONOMIC AIMS - COLLECTIVISATION AND INDUSTRIALI...
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN ECONOMIC AIMS - COLLECTIVISATION AND INDUSTRIALI...CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN ECONOMIC AIMS - COLLECTIVISATION AND INDUSTRIALI...
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN ECONOMIC AIMS - COLLECTIVISATION AND INDUSTRIALI...
 
Stalin's Rise to Power
Stalin's Rise to PowerStalin's Rise to Power
Stalin's Rise to Power
 
Interwar period
Interwar periodInterwar period
Interwar period
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN IMPACT ON CULTURE
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN IMPACT ON CULTURECAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN IMPACT ON CULTURE
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: STALIN IMPACT ON CULTURE
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: THE FUHRER PRINCIPLE
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: THE FUHRER PRINCIPLECAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: THE FUHRER PRINCIPLE
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: THE FUHRER PRINCIPLE
 
The Rise of Dictators
The Rise of DictatorsThe Rise of Dictators
The Rise of Dictators
 
WWII Dictators
WWII DictatorsWWII Dictators
WWII Dictators
 

Viewers also liked

Rise of Nazi Germany
Rise of Nazi GermanyRise of Nazi Germany
Rise of Nazi GermanyGreg Sill
 
Causes of World War II
Causes of World War IICauses of World War II
Causes of World War IIGreg Sill
 
World War II Begins
World War II BeginsWorld War II Begins
World War II BeginsGreg Sill
 
Japanese Militarism in WWII
Japanese Militarism in WWIIJapanese Militarism in WWII
Japanese Militarism in WWIIDan McDowell
 
Totalitarianism
TotalitarianismTotalitarianism
Totalitarianismfanuelej
 
Indian Independence
Indian  IndependenceIndian  Independence
Indian IndependenceGreg Sill
 
Independence of Ghana and Kenya
Independence of Ghana and KenyaIndependence of Ghana and Kenya
Independence of Ghana and KenyaGreg Sill
 
The Rule of Mao Zedong
The Rule of Mao ZedongThe Rule of Mao Zedong
The Rule of Mao ZedongGreg Sill
 
Chinese Communist Revolution Timeline
Chinese Communist Revolution TimelineChinese Communist Revolution Timeline
Chinese Communist Revolution TimelineGreg Sill
 
Rise of dictators
Rise of dictatorsRise of dictators
Rise of dictatorsklgriffin
 
Imperialism: Domination and Resistance
Imperialism: Domination and ResistanceImperialism: Domination and Resistance
Imperialism: Domination and ResistanceDan McDowell
 
Totalitarianism
TotalitarianismTotalitarianism
Totalitarianismluckydog2
 
The Soviet Union: Totalitarian State
The Soviet Union: Totalitarian StateThe Soviet Union: Totalitarian State
The Soviet Union: Totalitarian StateDan McDowell
 

Viewers also liked (20)

The rise of totalitarianism
The rise of totalitarianismThe rise of totalitarianism
The rise of totalitarianism
 
Rise of Nazi Germany
Rise of Nazi GermanyRise of Nazi Germany
Rise of Nazi Germany
 
Totalitarianism
TotalitarianismTotalitarianism
Totalitarianism
 
Causes of World War II
Causes of World War IICauses of World War II
Causes of World War II
 
Holocaust
HolocaustHolocaust
Holocaust
 
World War II Begins
World War II BeginsWorld War II Begins
World War II Begins
 
Japanese Militarism in WWII
Japanese Militarism in WWIIJapanese Militarism in WWII
Japanese Militarism in WWII
 
Totalitarianism
TotalitarianismTotalitarianism
Totalitarianism
 
Weimar Republic
Weimar RepublicWeimar Republic
Weimar Republic
 
Russian Revolution
Russian RevolutionRussian Revolution
Russian Revolution
 
Indian Independence
Indian  IndependenceIndian  Independence
Indian Independence
 
Cold War
Cold WarCold War
Cold War
 
Independence of Ghana and Kenya
Independence of Ghana and KenyaIndependence of Ghana and Kenya
Independence of Ghana and Kenya
 
The Rule of Mao Zedong
The Rule of Mao ZedongThe Rule of Mao Zedong
The Rule of Mao Zedong
 
Trench Warfare in WWI
Trench Warfare in WWITrench Warfare in WWI
Trench Warfare in WWI
 
Chinese Communist Revolution Timeline
Chinese Communist Revolution TimelineChinese Communist Revolution Timeline
Chinese Communist Revolution Timeline
 
Rise of dictators
Rise of dictatorsRise of dictators
Rise of dictators
 
Imperialism: Domination and Resistance
Imperialism: Domination and ResistanceImperialism: Domination and Resistance
Imperialism: Domination and Resistance
 
Totalitarianism
TotalitarianismTotalitarianism
Totalitarianism
 
The Soviet Union: Totalitarian State
The Soviet Union: Totalitarian StateThe Soviet Union: Totalitarian State
The Soviet Union: Totalitarian State
 

Similar to Totalitarian Leaders

AP WH Chapter 29 PowerPoint
AP WH Chapter 29 PowerPointAP WH Chapter 29 PowerPoint
AP WH Chapter 29 PowerPointBruce Mulford
 
AP World History Ch. 29
AP World History Ch. 29AP World History Ch. 29
AP World History Ch. 29cleenker
 
The Road to WWII
The Road to WWIIThe Road to WWII
The Road to WWIIMr.J
 
28 3 facism in italy
28 3 facism in italy28 3 facism in italy
28 3 facism in italyMrAguiar
 
The Growing Support For Hitler And Mussolini
The Growing Support For Hitler And MussoliniThe Growing Support For Hitler And Mussolini
The Growing Support For Hitler And MussoliniKimberly Jones
 
Causes of WWII (Updated to include Roots of Holocaust)
Causes of WWII (Updated to include Roots of Holocaust)Causes of WWII (Updated to include Roots of Holocaust)
Causes of WWII (Updated to include Roots of Holocaust)William Hogan
 
His 102 chapter 25 turmoil between the wars
His 102 chapter 25 turmoil between the warsHis 102 chapter 25 turmoil between the wars
His 102 chapter 25 turmoil between the warsdcyw1112
 
Ch.21- What happened after WW1?
Ch.21- What happened after WW1?Ch.21- What happened after WW1?
Ch.21- What happened after WW1?cmonafu
 
Rise of Italian Fascism
Rise of Italian FascismRise of Italian Fascism
Rise of Italian Fascismjeffmarshall
 
Lesson 1 Dictators & War
Lesson 1   Dictators & WarLesson 1   Dictators & War
Lesson 1 Dictators & Warmkrause33
 
Unit V Review
Unit V ReviewUnit V Review
Unit V ReviewGreg Sill
 
Presentation13
Presentation13Presentation13
Presentation13rbbrown
 
CAMBRIDGE AS HISTORY: PROBLEMS FACING THE NEW REPUBLIC
CAMBRIDGE AS HISTORY: PROBLEMS FACING THE NEW REPUBLICCAMBRIDGE AS HISTORY: PROBLEMS FACING THE NEW REPUBLIC
CAMBRIDGE AS HISTORY: PROBLEMS FACING THE NEW REPUBLICGeorge Dumitrache
 
Theriseofdictators 140626151107-phpapp02
Theriseofdictators 140626151107-phpapp02Theriseofdictators 140626151107-phpapp02
Theriseofdictators 140626151107-phpapp02Annette Pickett
 

Similar to Totalitarian Leaders (20)

AP WH Chapter 29 PowerPoint
AP WH Chapter 29 PowerPointAP WH Chapter 29 PowerPoint
AP WH Chapter 29 PowerPoint
 
AP World History Ch. 29
AP World History Ch. 29AP World History Ch. 29
AP World History Ch. 29
 
The Road to WWII
The Road to WWIIThe Road to WWII
The Road to WWII
 
The road to war
The road to warThe road to war
The road to war
 
28 3 facism in italy
28 3 facism in italy28 3 facism in italy
28 3 facism in italy
 
Axis
AxisAxis
Axis
 
The Growing Support For Hitler And Mussolini
The Growing Support For Hitler And MussoliniThe Growing Support For Hitler And Mussolini
The Growing Support For Hitler And Mussolini
 
Causes of WWII (Updated to include Roots of Holocaust)
Causes of WWII (Updated to include Roots of Holocaust)Causes of WWII (Updated to include Roots of Holocaust)
Causes of WWII (Updated to include Roots of Holocaust)
 
His 102 chapter 25 turmoil between the wars
His 102 chapter 25 turmoil between the warsHis 102 chapter 25 turmoil between the wars
His 102 chapter 25 turmoil between the wars
 
fascism.pdf
fascism.pdffascism.pdf
fascism.pdf
 
Ch.21- What happened after WW1?
Ch.21- What happened after WW1?Ch.21- What happened after WW1?
Ch.21- What happened after WW1?
 
Rise of Italian Fascism
Rise of Italian FascismRise of Italian Fascism
Rise of Italian Fascism
 
Lesson 1 Dictators & War
Lesson 1   Dictators & WarLesson 1   Dictators & War
Lesson 1 Dictators & War
 
Unit V Review
Unit V ReviewUnit V Review
Unit V Review
 
4 Fascism
4 Fascism4 Fascism
4 Fascism
 
Presentation13
Presentation13Presentation13
Presentation13
 
CAMBRIDGE AS HISTORY: PROBLEMS FACING THE NEW REPUBLIC
CAMBRIDGE AS HISTORY: PROBLEMS FACING THE NEW REPUBLICCAMBRIDGE AS HISTORY: PROBLEMS FACING THE NEW REPUBLIC
CAMBRIDGE AS HISTORY: PROBLEMS FACING THE NEW REPUBLIC
 
Fascism
FascismFascism
Fascism
 
Dictators
DictatorsDictators
Dictators
 
Theriseofdictators 140626151107-phpapp02
Theriseofdictators 140626151107-phpapp02Theriseofdictators 140626151107-phpapp02
Theriseofdictators 140626151107-phpapp02
 

More from Greg Sill

The Mughal Empire
The Mughal EmpireThe Mughal Empire
The Mughal EmpireGreg Sill
 
Individuals in history.ppt
Individuals in history.pptIndividuals in history.ppt
Individuals in history.pptGreg Sill
 
Regents review part ii
Regents review part iiRegents review part ii
Regents review part iiGreg Sill
 
1750 empires review
1750 empires review1750 empires review
1750 empires reviewGreg Sill
 
Rise of violence and terrorism: Arab-Israeli Conflict
Rise of violence and terrorism: Arab-Israeli ConflictRise of violence and terrorism: Arab-Israeli Conflict
Rise of violence and terrorism: Arab-Israeli ConflictGreg Sill
 
Attempts at peace: Arab-Israeli Conflict
Attempts at peace: Arab-Israeli ConflictAttempts at peace: Arab-Israeli Conflict
Attempts at peace: Arab-Israeli ConflictGreg Sill
 
Fall of communism
Fall of communism Fall of communism
Fall of communism Greg Sill
 
WWII DBQ Overview
WWII DBQ OverviewWWII DBQ Overview
WWII DBQ OverviewGreg Sill
 
End of world war ii
End of world war iiEnd of world war ii
End of world war iiGreg Sill
 
Events of wwii
Events of wwiiEvents of wwii
Events of wwiiGreg Sill
 
Global 10 midterm review
Global 10 midterm reviewGlobal 10 midterm review
Global 10 midterm reviewGreg Sill
 
The Russian Communist Revolution 1917
The Russian Communist Revolution 1917The Russian Communist Revolution 1917
The Russian Communist Revolution 1917Greg Sill
 
US Enters WWI
US Enters WWIUS Enters WWI
US Enters WWIGreg Sill
 
Weapons of WWI
Weapons of WWIWeapons of WWI
Weapons of WWIGreg Sill
 
World War I: Global Version
World War I: Global VersionWorld War I: Global Version
World War I: Global VersionGreg Sill
 
Japanese imperialism
Japanese imperialismJapanese imperialism
Japanese imperialismGreg Sill
 
Japanese reactions to imperialism
Japanese reactions to imperialismJapanese reactions to imperialism
Japanese reactions to imperialismGreg Sill
 
Introduction and Thesis
Introduction and ThesisIntroduction and Thesis
Introduction and ThesisGreg Sill
 
Rise and Fall of Napoleon
Rise and Fall of NapoleonRise and Fall of Napoleon
Rise and Fall of NapoleonGreg Sill
 
Ireland conflict
Ireland conflictIreland conflict
Ireland conflictGreg Sill
 

More from Greg Sill (20)

The Mughal Empire
The Mughal EmpireThe Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire
 
Individuals in history.ppt
Individuals in history.pptIndividuals in history.ppt
Individuals in history.ppt
 
Regents review part ii
Regents review part iiRegents review part ii
Regents review part ii
 
1750 empires review
1750 empires review1750 empires review
1750 empires review
 
Rise of violence and terrorism: Arab-Israeli Conflict
Rise of violence and terrorism: Arab-Israeli ConflictRise of violence and terrorism: Arab-Israeli Conflict
Rise of violence and terrorism: Arab-Israeli Conflict
 
Attempts at peace: Arab-Israeli Conflict
Attempts at peace: Arab-Israeli ConflictAttempts at peace: Arab-Israeli Conflict
Attempts at peace: Arab-Israeli Conflict
 
Fall of communism
Fall of communism Fall of communism
Fall of communism
 
WWII DBQ Overview
WWII DBQ OverviewWWII DBQ Overview
WWII DBQ Overview
 
End of world war ii
End of world war iiEnd of world war ii
End of world war ii
 
Events of wwii
Events of wwiiEvents of wwii
Events of wwii
 
Global 10 midterm review
Global 10 midterm reviewGlobal 10 midterm review
Global 10 midterm review
 
The Russian Communist Revolution 1917
The Russian Communist Revolution 1917The Russian Communist Revolution 1917
The Russian Communist Revolution 1917
 
US Enters WWI
US Enters WWIUS Enters WWI
US Enters WWI
 
Weapons of WWI
Weapons of WWIWeapons of WWI
Weapons of WWI
 
World War I: Global Version
World War I: Global VersionWorld War I: Global Version
World War I: Global Version
 
Japanese imperialism
Japanese imperialismJapanese imperialism
Japanese imperialism
 
Japanese reactions to imperialism
Japanese reactions to imperialismJapanese reactions to imperialism
Japanese reactions to imperialism
 
Introduction and Thesis
Introduction and ThesisIntroduction and Thesis
Introduction and Thesis
 
Rise and Fall of Napoleon
Rise and Fall of NapoleonRise and Fall of Napoleon
Rise and Fall of Napoleon
 
Ireland conflict
Ireland conflictIreland conflict
Ireland conflict
 

Recently uploaded

The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati RoyThe Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati RoyTrushali Dodiya
 
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications MosaicThe Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications MosaicUniversity of Canberra
 
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdfD.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdfSUMIT TIWARI
 
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docxExit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docxMYDA ANGELICA SUAN
 
LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)
LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)
LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)satyanshp7890
 
Sudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of BeliefsSudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of BeliefsRay Poynter
 
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdfWriting Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdfMr Bounab Samir
 
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptxCapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptxCapitolTechU
 
Media Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations ClassMedia Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations ClassCorinne Weisgerber
 
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
mean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stackmean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stack
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stackNuttavutThongjor1
 
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...Niranjan Chavan
 
Chromatography-Gas chromatography-Principle
Chromatography-Gas chromatography-PrincipleChromatography-Gas chromatography-Principle
Chromatography-Gas chromatography-Principleblessipriyanka
 
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdfGrantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdfTechSoup
 
Digital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptx
Digital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptxDigital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptx
Digital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptxJisc
 
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptxDetailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptxDrOsiaMajeed
 
LIPIDS UNIT ONE BIOMOLECULE PRESENTATION
LIPIDS UNIT ONE BIOMOLECULE PRESENTATIONLIPIDS UNIT ONE BIOMOLECULE PRESENTATION
LIPIDS UNIT ONE BIOMOLECULE PRESENTATIONSayali Powar
 
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsIntuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsTushar Tank
 

Recently uploaded (20)

The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati RoyThe Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
 
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications MosaicThe Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
 
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
 
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
 
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdfD.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
 
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docxExit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
 
LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)
LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)
LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)
 
Sudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of BeliefsSudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of Beliefs
 
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdfWriting Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
 
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptxCapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
 
Caldecott Medal Book Winners and Media Used
Caldecott Medal Book Winners and Media UsedCaldecott Medal Book Winners and Media Used
Caldecott Medal Book Winners and Media Used
 
Media Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations ClassMedia Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations Class
 
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
mean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stackmean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stack
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
 
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
 
Chromatography-Gas chromatography-Principle
Chromatography-Gas chromatography-PrincipleChromatography-Gas chromatography-Principle
Chromatography-Gas chromatography-Principle
 
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdfGrantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdf
 
Digital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptx
Digital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptxDigital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptx
Digital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptx
 
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptxDetailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
 
LIPIDS UNIT ONE BIOMOLECULE PRESENTATION
LIPIDS UNIT ONE BIOMOLECULE PRESENTATIONLIPIDS UNIT ONE BIOMOLECULE PRESENTATION
LIPIDS UNIT ONE BIOMOLECULE PRESENTATION
 
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsIntuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
 

Totalitarian Leaders

  • 1. Rise of Totalitarianism The Intra-war Years 1919-1939
  • 3. Rise of TotalitarianismStalin, Mussolini, Hitler, Tojo, and Ataturk
  • 4. Joseph Stalin After a terrible civil war and the death of Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin took power in the Soviet Union. He immediately started putting his opponents to death and began a ruthless program to build up industry in the USSR, killing anyone who stood in his way! Problems Major Reforms Examples of Totalitarian Rule The USSR was not industrialized and had a very weak military The Government was unstable after Lenin’s death. The economy was improving, but many still suffered from famine. Collectivization of farms Five year plans to industrialize USSR Total Command Economy - government control all means of production Built up the military Single party dictatorship (Communist Party) Ruled through fear and terror (Reign of Terror) Used censorship and propaganda - schools, newspapers, government Secret police Film Clip start at 2:35 Film Clip start at 2:35
  • 5. "Agriculture is developing slowly, comrades. This is because we have about 25 million individually owned farms. They are the most primitive and undeveloped form of economy We must do our utmost to develop large farms and to convert them into grain factories for the country organized on a modern scientific basis."
  • 6. The Ukrainian Famine in 1932-1933 was the result of Stalin's policy of forced collectivization. The famine broke the peasants' will to resist collectivization and left Ukraine politically, socially, and psychologically traumatized. The death toll from the 1932-33 famine in Ukraine has been estimated between six and seven million. The Ukrainian Famine in 1932-1933 was the result of Stalin's policy of forced collectivization. The famine broke the peasants' will to resist collectivization and left Ukraine politically, socially, and psychologically traumatized. The death toll from the 1932-33 famine in Ukraine has been estimated between six and seven million. According to a Soviet author, "Before they died, people often lost their senses and ceased to be human beings." Yet one of Stalin's lieutenants in Ukraine stated in 1933 that the famine was a great success. “It showed the peasants who is the master here. It cost millions of lives, but the collective farm system is here to stay." According to a Soviet author, "Before they died, people often lost their senses and ceased to be human beings." Yet one of Stalin's lieutenants in Ukraine stated in 1933 that the famine was a great success. “It showed the peasants who is the master here. It cost millions of lives, but the collective farm system is here to stay." Film ClipFilm Clip
  • 7. Benito MussoliniMussolini and his fascist followers, known as the “Blackshirts” marched on Rome and seized power in Italy in 1922. Mussolini became Il Duce (“The Leader”) and set up an efficient but brutal rule over Italy! Problems Major Reforms Examples of Totalitarian Rule Economic and political problems (Debt, Unemployment, corruption). Peasants lost land and resentment after WWI Fear of communist uprising - Clear division between rich and poor Developed Fascist party - Extreme sense of nationalism Repaired and built up the infrastructure (roads, bridges, trains) Wanted to return Italy to the glory of the Roman Empire No criticism of state allowed! “Everything is the state” Forced Italian men to join military, women should have babies Used censorship and propaganda - schools, newspapers, government Secret police, the OVRA Film ClipFilm Clip
  • 8. "War is to man what maternity is to a woman. From a philosophical and doctrinal viewpoint, I do not believe in perpetual peace.” The Fascist State Mussolini and his “Blackshirts” march on Rome in 1922 and take over government. The “Battle” for Births, Land, and Grain Invasion of Ethiopia
  • 9. Balcony Speeches “Mare Nostrum” - Italian Expansion Libya - 1923 Greek Islands - 1929 Ethiopia - 1935 Albania - 1939
  • 10. The Capture and Death of Mussolini! The Capture and Death of Mussolini! After the Allied occupation of southern Italy (1943), the King ordered Mussolini to be arrested. Imprisoned, then liberated by the Germans, Mussolini lived in northern Italy until his capture and execution, on April 28, 1945, along with his mistress, Claretta Petacci, by military forces of the Italian Resistance. Next day, their corpses and those of Mussolini's henchmen were hanged in the Piazzale Loreto, Milan, on public view.
  • 11. Hideki Tojo During the Great Depression, nations could not afford to buy Japanese goods and many factories closed. Some Japanese blamed the democracy movement for the economic problems and thought that a return to military rule would be the solution to Japan’s problems. Problems Major Reforms Examples of Totalitarian Rule Unhappiness over loss of traditions Loss of foreign markets due to Great Depression Unemployment, poverty among peasants Government was seen as weak,corrupt, and inefficient Military took over government and ended democracy Glorified war to build an over sea empire Stressed nationalism, shintoism, and anti-western feelings Preached service to the state and to honor Emperor Hirohito as a god! Invaded Manchuria and China Used censorship and propaganda - schools, newspapers, government Secret police
  • 12. The Rape of Nanjing The Military State Invasion of Manchuria In 1937, the Imperial Japanese Army took over Nanjing, China and massacred an estimated 200,000 to 300,000 Chinese civilians. The Japanese army committed numerous atrocities, such as rape, looting, arson and the execution of prisoners of war and civilians. In 1937, the Imperial Japanese Army took over Nanjing, China and massacred an estimated 200,000 to 300,000 Chinese civilians. The Japanese army committed numerous atrocities, such as rape, looting, arson and the execution of prisoners of war and civilians. Film ClipFilm Clip
  • 13. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Problems Major Reforms Examples of Totalitarian Rule Ottoman Empire collapsed and split into states after losing WWI Turkish people wanted to avoid being controlled by the Sultan or by the foreigners like the British, French or Greeks. The economy was weak and Turkey lacked modern industry, military and technology. Secularized the government – separation of Islam and the government – removed the Sultan and caliph position Westernization policy – Latin alphabet, western calendar, developed factories, railroads, western fashion- Everyone was forced to have a surname Nationalist movement led to Armenian genocide Ended Sharia law and gave equal rights to women Imprisoned anyone who wore Turkish clothing – must wear western styles Only one political party allowed – no one allowed to question his policies. Use of censorship and propaganda – schools, newspapers, government His military campaigns led to victory in the Turkish War of Independence. Atatürk then embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms, seeking to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern and secular nation-state His military campaigns led to victory in the Turkish War of Independence. Atatürk then embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms, seeking to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern and secular nation-state
  • 15. Adolf Hitler In 1933 Adolf Hitler promised Germans that he would tear up the Treaty of Versailles. His Nazi Party won the elections and he was appointed Chancellor of Germany. He quickly gathered all power in his own hands and began arresting communists, trade unionists and Jews. Problems Major Reforms Examples of Totalitarian Rule Damage from WWI and Great Depression caused economy to suffer Hyperinflation, unemployment, massive debt due to Treaty of Versailles Fear of communist revolution Developed Nazi party - Extreme sense of nationalism Ignored Treaty of Versailles rebuilt military Provided security and leadership to Germans Targeted scapegoats - Jews, French, Communists Preached service to the state! Developed idea of Aryans, master race, who needed to be purified and regain land that was rightfully theirs. Campaign against Jews Used censorship and propaganda - schools, newspapers, government Secret police, the Gestapo
  • 16. The Fascist State The Military State Nazi Mythology “All within the state, none outside the state, none against the state.” “All within the state, none outside the state, none against the state.”
  • 18. Francisco FrancoIn 1936, civil war broke out in Spain between the Republicans and General Franco’s Nationalists. Mussolini and Hitler sent men and aircraft to help Franco. Stalin sent money to help the Republicans. After two years of bitter fighting, Franco won the war and took control of Spain. Problems Major Reforms Examples of Totalitarian Rule Workers began to strike due to poor pay and conditions Great Depression led to unemployment, poverty Fear of communist uprising Government and Church was seen as corrupt and inefficient Won bloody civil war against leftist Republicans. Supported economic modernization Stressed nationalism, anti- communist Established one party government (Falange) Continued to support conservative and traditional activities (Bullfighting and flamenco dancing) Imprisonment of political opponents and limited trade unions Censorship, Secret police
  • 19. Spanish Civil War From 1936 to 1939, two opposing groups of citizens waged a bitter fight for control of Spain. The Spanish Civil War has been seen as a dress rehearsal for World War II, which began in 1939. The two conflicts involved the same participants as well as some of the same issues. The Nationalists in Spain were helped by Italy and Germany. On the other side were the Republicans, helped by the USSR.
  • 20. Bombing of Guernica “In the panel on which I am working, which I shall call Guernica, and in all my recent works of art, I clearly express my abhorrence of the military caste which has sunk Spain in an ocean of pain and death.”
  • 22. Countries were in economic crisis and had no tradition of self- government before WWI New democratic self-government was forced upon nations not ready for it.
  • 23. Charismatic leaders Control of newspapers and schools and led massive youth movements
  • 24. Replaces all political institutions with new ones and erases all legal, social, and political traditions Leaders are unpredictable, never allowing the people to feel completely safe New media technology used to spread propaganda
  • 25. Directed violence controlled by the government becomes an important tool Stress of military power and expansion Police not limited by laws