The Qin Dynasty

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The Qin Dynasty

  1. 1. Do Now If you were a member of a nomadic tribe and came across this sight, what would you think about the people who created it? What would you do?
  2. 2. The Qin Dynasty 221-207 B.C. The Unification of China
  3. 3. Unification of China <ul><li>What steps did China’s first emperor, Shi Huangdi, take to unify China under his control? </li></ul><ul><li>Shi Huangdi creates Qin Dynasty in 221 B.C. – Names himself “The First Emperor” </li></ul>What are some of the things I must do to create a united Chinese Empire? What belief system should I use to develop the first united Chinese empire since the Zhou?
  4. 4. Unification of China B. He builds a strong ___________________________ by crushing all opponents and critics. Used powerful army to gain control. C. He ruled China using a __________________ system – Strict laws with harsh punishments. D. He _______________________ that supported Confucianism. Centralized Government Legalist Burned all books Why must I burn all the books in China?
  5. 5. Unification of China
  6. 6. Achievements of the Qin II. What were the accomplishments and achievements of the Qin Dynasty? <ul><li>Building of the __________________ - built to keep out invaders from the north </li></ul><ul><li>What was the impact of the Great Wall of China? </li></ul><ul><li>It was very costly and did not work. </li></ul><ul><li>However, it did come to symbolize ________________________________ </li></ul>Great Wall of China Chinese power, organization, resources, and unity!
  7. 7. The Great Wall of China Just like a gigantic dragon, the Great Wall winds up and down across deserts, grasslands, mountains and plateaus
  8. 8. The Great Wall of China The wall stretches approximately 6,700 kilometers (4,163 miles ) from east to west of China.
  9. 9. The Great Wall of China Some say it is just a myth, but this photo from the International Space Station claims to show small sections of the wall in Inner Mongolia about 200 miles north of Beijing.
  10. 10. The Great Wall of China Some Skateboard Guy decided to jump the Great Wall: He jumped over 79 feet! Fun Fact! Awesome!
  11. 11. Achievements of the Qin <ul><li>B. Created a standardized system of ___________ and ____________ </li></ul><ul><li>C. Unified Chinese coins (monetary system) </li></ul><ul><li>Unified system of _____________ </li></ul><ul><li>Built roads and canals to increase easy transportation. </li></ul>weights writing What else can I do to unify China? measurements
  12. 12. Achievements of the Qin F. ______________________________ - Over 15,000 clay soldiers, horses, chariots created to protect Shi Huangdi after death. How do you think Shi Huangdi was able to build the Great Wall of China, the Terra Cotta Warriors and other massive public works such as palaces, roads, bridges, irrigation systems, and his own tomb in only 14 years? Terra Cotta Warriors
  13. 13. The Terra Cotta Warriors
  14. 14. The Terra Cotta Warriors
  15. 15. The Terra Cotta Warriors
  16. 16. Mr. Sill’s Tomb will be protected by… THE LEGO ARMY!
  17. 17. Collapse of the Qin <ul><li>How did the Qin Dynasty Collapse? </li></ul><ul><li>Shi Huangdi dies in 210 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>People revolted over heavy taxes, forced labor, and cruel policies. The Empire only lasted fourteen years! </li></ul><ul><li>New rulers claimed the ___________ of ______________ and begin the Han Dynasty </li></ul>My Descendants will follow me and the Qin Dynasty will reign for a thousand generations! Mandate Heaven Well, it’s fourteen years better than your Dynasty?
  18. 18. The Legacy of the Qin What will they be remembered for? <ul><li>Shi Huangdi dies in 210 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>People revolted over heavy taxes, forced labor, and cruel policies. The Empire only lasted fourteen years! </li></ul><ul><li>New rulers claimed the ___________ of ______________ and begin the Han Dynasty </li></ul>Mandate Heaven

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