Renaissance vs. medieval art lesson ppt

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Renaissance vs. medieval art lesson ppt

  1. 1. How did Renaissance ArtAnd Architecture Differ from theMedieval Period? Do Now: Study the picture above then answer the questions on your handout
  2. 2. 1. Realism & Expressionr Expulsion from the Gardenh Masaccioh 1427h First nudes since classical times. Before SAINT DEMETRIUS OF SALONICA. High Middle Ages End of 14th century
  3. 3. Before Masaccio’s “Trinity” The first known painting to apply Brunelleschi’s system of linear perspective. Church of Santa Maria Novella, Florence
  4. 4. 2. Perspective The TrinityPerspective!Perspective! Masaccio Perspective! Perspective! 1427 Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! First use of linear What you are, I once was;perspective! what I am, you will become.
  5. 5. Progression of the Use of Perspective1280’s 1380’s 1480’s
  6. 6. Perspective!Betrothal of the VirginRaphael 1504
  7. 7. 3. Classicism and Realism Greco-Roman influence. Secularism. Humanism. Individualism  free standing figures. . Symmetry/BalanceThe “Classical Pose”Medici “Venus” (1c)
  8. 8. Birth of Venus – Botticelli, 1485 An attempt to depict perfect beauty.
  9. 9. Examples of Humanism and Realism in Renaissance Art Botticellis Birth of Venus Caravaggio’s
  10. 10. Examples of Humanism and Realism in Renaissance Art Da Vinci’s Michelangelo’s Vitruvian Man Sistine Chapel
  11. 11. 4. Emphasis on IndividualismL Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Dutchess of Urbinoo Piero della Francesca, 1465-1466.
  12. 12. Vitruvian Man Leonardo da Vinci 1492 The L’uomouniversale
  13. 13. 5. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures P The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate P Leonardo da Vinci P 1469 P The figure as architecture!
  14. 14. Raphael’s Canagiani Madonna, 1507
  15. 15. 6. Light & Shadowing/Softening Edges Sfumato Leonardo da VinciChiaroscuro described sfumato as "without lines or borders, in the manner of smoke or beyond the focus plane."
  16. 16. Famous works by Italian Renaissance ArtistsLeonardo RaphaelMichelangelo Donatello
  17. 17. The Renaissance “Man” “ Broad knowledge about many things in different fields. . Deep knowledge/skill in one area. k Able to link information from different areas/disciplines and create new knowledge. d The Greek ideal of the “well-rounded man” was at the heart of Renaissance education. . Artist e Sculptor e Architect e Scientist e Engineer e Inventor1452 - 1519
  18. 18. Leonardo da Vinci, D The Virgin of the Rocks D Leonardo da Vinci D 1483-1486
  19. 19. Leonardo, the Artist:From his Notebook of over 5000 pages (1508-1519)
  20. 20. Leonardo Da Vinci Why is Mona Lisa so Fun Fact! Notice her lack of eyebrows! Women during this period would shave them off! It was considered fashionable to do so!Mona Lisa (La Giocande) Oil on wood panel
  21. 21. Mona Lisa OR da Vinci??
  22. 22. The Last SupperGospel Book of Bernward of Hildesheim, c. 1016 German
  23. 23. Leonardo da Vinci, “Last Supper” Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan, Italy
  24. 24. “Last Supper” Perspective
  25. 25. The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498 verticalhorizontal Perspective!
  26. 26. The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498 & Geometry
  27. 27. RefractoryConvent of SantaMaria delle Grazie Milan
  28. 28. Deterioratio n Detail of Jesus The Last Supper Leonardo da Vinci 1498
  29. 29. Leonardo Da Vinci The Last SupperTempera and mixed media on Plaster
  30. 30. A Da Vinci “Code”:St. John or Mary Magdalene?
  31. 31. Leonardo, the Sculptor Ì An Equestrian Statue Ì 1516-1518
  32. 32. Leonardo, the Architect: Pages from his Notebook ì Study of a central church. ì 1488
  33. 33. Leonardo, the Architect: Pages from his Notebookc Plan of the city of Imola, 1502.
  34. 34. Leonardo, the Scientist(Biology):Pages from his Notebook p An example of the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature.
  35. 35. Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): Pages from his Notebook
  36. 36. Leonardo, the Inventor: Pages from his Notebook
  37. 37. Man Can Fly?
  38. 38. Leonardo, the Engineer: Pages from his Notebook Studies of water-liftingA study of siege defenses. devices.
  39. 39. Leonardo DaVinci
  40. 40. King David Above: Gospel Book of Philip the Fair Right: Vivian Bible
  41. 41. The Liberation of Sculpture David by Donatello 1430 First free-form bronze since Roman times!
  42. 42. DavidVerrocchio1473 - 1475
  43. 43. DavidMichelangeloBuonarotti1504Marble
  44. 44. Michelangelo’s Detail
  45. 45.  15c What a difference a century makes! 16c 
  46. 46. The Popes as Patrons of the Arts The Pieta Michelangelo Buonarroti 1499 marble
  47. 47. Michelangelo “The Creating of Adam”The Sistine Chapel Fresco
  48. 48. The Sistine ChapelMichelangeloBuonarroti1508 - 1512Film Clip
  49. 49. Michelangelo
  50. 50. The Sistine Chapel’s Ceiling Michelangelo Buonarroti 1508 - 1512
  51. 51. The Sistine Chapel Details TheCreation of theHeavens
  52. 52. The Sistine Chapel DetailsCreation of Man
  53. 53. A Modern “Adaptation” Joe Gallo in the New York Daily News, 2004
  54. 54. The Sistine Chapel Details The Fall from Grace
  55. 55. Creation
  56. 56. Michelangelo, Sistine Chapel
  57. 57. Michelangelo, Sistine Chapel
  58. 58. The Sistine Chapel Details The Last Judgment
  59. 59. Donatello (Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi)Donatello’s David vs. Michelangelo’s David
  60. 60. Raphel SanzioThe School of AthensFresco (water color on plaster)
  61. 61. Raphael’s “School of Athens”
  62. 62. The School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 -11 One point perspective. c All of the important Greek philosophers and thinkers are included  all of the great personalities of the Seven Liberal Arts! i A great variety of poses. o Located in the papal apartments library. a Raphael worked on this commission simultaneously as Michelangelo was doing the Sistine Chapel. e No Christian themes here.
  63. 63. The School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 -11 Da Vinci Raphael Michelangelo
  64. 64. The School of Athens – Raphael, details Plato:looks to theheavens [or Aristotle: the IDEAL looks to this realm]. earth [the here and now]. Film Clip
  65. 65. Averroes Hypatia Pythagoras
  66. 66. Zoroaster PtolemyEuclid
  67. 67. Raphael’s “School of Athens” Clockwise: Plato (Leonardo), Aristotle, Raphael, Michelangelo
  68. 68. Raphel Sanzio Who’s who in the School? In the Center: Plato on the Right, Aristotle On the left!
  69. 69. Raphel Sanzio
  70. 70. Italian Renaissance Recap
  71. 71. Aspects of Italian Renaissance Art More secular thanthe religious Medievalperiod  Focus onHumanism: Humanachievement and form Realistic: Emotion Linear Perspective: Distant objects smaller thanthose close to the viewer. Making scenes appear 3-Dimensional. Revival of classical themes
  72. 72. The Renaissance moves North!About 100 years after theRenaissance began it Italy,It moved north to Flanders(Northern Belgium). Took longer to recoverfrom the economic devastationbrought on by the black plague. 100 years war inFrance/England Remember me?
  73. 73. Characteristics of Northern Renaissance Art Contained great detail More landscape and nature paintings - usually darker and colder Oil painting on Canvas – allowed for vivid color Paintings are less secular. More religious questioning. More scenes of daily life.
  74. 74. Jan Van Eyck - Flanders The Wedding of Arnolfini Oil on canvas
  75. 75. Jan Van Eyck - Flanders Madonna Del Rolin Oil on wood
  76. 76. Albrcht Durer Self Portrait 28 Oil on panel
  77. 77. Albrcht Durer - Germany Rabbit Oil on Panel
  78. 78. Hans Holbein
  79. 79. Bruegel
  80. 80. Bruegel
  81. 81. Peasant Wedding Oil on wood
  82. 82. Medieval vs. Renaissance aRchitectuRe Gothic (Medieval) Renaissance•Gothic architecture was very large, •Revival of Arch and Dome“pointy” •Qualities of Greek and Roman•Flying buttresses supported large architecturewalls •Used columns for support•Stained glass told stories Intricate design
  83. 83. Renaissance Architecture vs. Medieval Architecture El Tempieto Notre Dame CathedralDonato Bramante
  84. 84. Il DuomoBrunelleschi
  85. 85. Filippo Brunelleschi 1377 - 1436s Architect of the Duomo Cuppolo of St. Maria del Fiore
  86. 86. Filippo Brunelleschi• Commissioned to build the cathedral dome. – Used unique architectural concepts.  He studied the ancient Pantheon in Rome.  Used ribs for support.
  87. 87. Brunelleschi’s Dome
  88. 88. Comparing Domes
  89. 89. Other Famous Domes Il Duomo St. Peter’s St. Paul’s US capital(Florence) (Rome) (London) (Washington)
  90. 90. Characteristics of Renaissance Architecture Influcenced by archectiture of the classical period (Greece, Rome) Use of Domes, arches, and columns.
  91. 91. Niccolo Machiavelli: The Prince• Machiavelli was from Florence (1469-1527)• Well educated in the classics• Career was in public service and he eventually served as the ambassador to France• Written in Italian (not Latin)• Observations and commentary on political rule and power• Addressed the issue of effective rule – How to gain and maintain order and control – “…it is safer to be feared than to be loved…” – “The ends justify the means”• Stressed the practical (pragmatic) over the ethical or moral, more secular and humanistic• Political science- Politics was to be governed by its own laws
  92. 92. The Courtier by Castiglione• Written in Italian 1528• Treatise on the training of young men in the courtly ideal of a Renaissance gentleman• Stressed the value of education and manners• Influenced social mores and norms during the period
  93. 93. Erasmus - 1446-1536• Dutch• Biblical scholar and educator• Believed that the Bible was at the center of the Christian faith• Stressed Christian education and access to the scriptures (for everyone) – Believed that people should be able to read the scriptures for themselves• Highly critical of papal abuses and worldliness – The Praise of Folly
  94. 94. Sir Thomas More • Lord Chancellor of England during the reign of Henry VIII- highest political office in England • Lawyer and scholar • Works reflect a commitment to the values and mandates of Scripture and the Church • Wrote Utopia – explored the idea of a “perfect” society • Eventually executed by Henry VIII for refusing to agree to the king and Parliament’s Act of Supremacy
  95. 95. William Shakespeare 1564-1616• English playwright – English vernacular• Many of his major works are a expression of Renaissance values of honor, heroism, and the struggle against “fate” and fortune• His view of man’s capacity for evil and self- destruction contrasted with the Renaissance humanistic ideal of humanity
  96. 96. The Globe Theater in London
  97. 97. The Renaissance brought a new way of thinking and living to Europe A new worldview was emergingThe medieval Christian worldview was giving way to a more MODERN (secular andhumanistic) view of the world and humanity
  98. 98. How did the Renaissance change thought? Before AfterFocus on Afterlife Focus on this lifeThe Individual not important The Individual is importantLittle focus on learning and Focus on learning thethe arts “Classics” (The Iliad, Aristotle) to inspire learning and the arts“Dark” Ages “Rebirth”Age of “Faith” Age of Reason

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