UNIT IV: 1450-1750 Latin America and Africa
Conquest of Aztecs and Incas Cortes and Pizarro
Castas System <ul><li>Power of the Roman Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><li>Towns organized in    Spanish style </li></ul><...
Latin American Colonies <ul><li>Encomienda System – Harsh treatment of Native Americans forced to work on Haciendas </li><...
Latin American Colonies <ul><li>Mita System – Harsh treatment of Native Americans forced to work in the Mines </li></ul><u...
Latin American Colonies <ul><li>Portuguese started trade along West African coast </li></ul><ul><li>New World needed labor...
 
African Slave Trade <ul><li>Asante, Benin, and Kongo </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized with absolute monarchs – Asantehene, Uz...
African Slave Trade <ul><li>Swahili trading cities </li></ul><ul><li>Traded ivory, gold, slaves, cloves </li></ul><ul><li>...
Columbian Exchange <ul><li>People, goods, ideas, diseases, animals were all exchanged between Africa, Europe and The Ameri...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Latin america and africa ap test review

2,438 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,438
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
36
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Latin america and africa ap test review

  1. 1. UNIT IV: 1450-1750 Latin America and Africa
  2. 2. Conquest of Aztecs and Incas Cortes and Pizarro
  3. 3. Castas System <ul><li>Power of the Roman Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><li>Towns organized in Spanish style </li></ul><ul><li>Schools built </li></ul><ul><li>Printing Press </li></ul><ul><li>Baroque churches </li></ul><ul><li>Form of authority </li></ul>
  4. 4. Latin American Colonies <ul><li>Encomienda System – Harsh treatment of Native Americans forced to work on Haciendas </li></ul><ul><li>Encomiendas discontinued by Spanish Crown </li></ul><ul><li>Population of cattle increases as population of Native Americans decreases </li></ul><ul><li>Bartolome de Las Casas </li></ul><ul><li>African slave labor used to support the plantation system (sugar) </li></ul><ul><li>Largest producer of sugar in world - first half of 17 th C. </li></ul><ul><li>Cash Crops – coffee, tobacco, cotton, etc… </li></ul>SUGAR!
  5. 5. Latin American Colonies <ul><li>Mita System – Harsh treatment of Native Americans forced to work in the Mines </li></ul><ul><li>Mined mercury, silver, gold </li></ul><ul><li>African slave labor used to support the silver industry </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish used silver to pay debts, build navy, fight wars, and to buy manufactured goods </li></ul><ul><li>China became silver sink! </li></ul><ul><li>Too much silver produced – loses value and causes inflation in Spain </li></ul>SILVER!
  6. 6. Latin American Colonies <ul><li>Portuguese started trade along West African coast </li></ul><ul><li>New World needed labor supply – coerced labor </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of sugar plantations – Brazil and Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>African slave labor used to support the silver industry </li></ul><ul><li>British colonies allowed slaves to have families and reproduce </li></ul><ul><li>Latin American colonies depended more on imported Africans </li></ul><ul><li>Over 12 million Africans were forced into slavery – some rebellions occurred </li></ul>SLAVES!
  7. 8. African Slave Trade <ul><li>Asante, Benin, and Kongo </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized with absolute monarchs – Asantehene, Uzama… </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdoms built on or strengthened by the European slave trade </li></ul><ul><li>Population explosions due to improved agriculture, technology and use of slave labor </li></ul><ul><li>Traded guns for slaves to Europeans along coastal enclaves or trading forts: Luanda in Portuguese colony of Angola </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese started as slave transporters but then used slaves in Madeira and the Canary Islands </li></ul>West African Kingdoms!
  8. 9. African Slave Trade <ul><li>Swahili trading cities </li></ul><ul><li>Traded ivory, gold, slaves, cloves </li></ul><ul><li>Used slaves on clove plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Trans-Saharan slave trade – mostly women for Islamic Harems </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Ocean trade: Malindi, Sofala, Zanzibar and Kilwa. </li></ul>East African Kingdoms!
  9. 10. Columbian Exchange <ul><li>People, goods, ideas, diseases, animals were all exchanged between Africa, Europe and The Americas </li></ul>Triangle Trade

×