From republic to empire lesson ppt

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From republic to empire lesson ppt

  1. 1. How did Rome go from Republic to Empire? <ul><li>Do Now : Analyze the following map of Rome in 44 BC. Answer the following Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>1. What inferences could you make about Rome by studying this map? </li></ul><ul><li>What might be some consequences of expanding your territory to this size? </li></ul>
  2. 2. From Republic to Empire <ul><li>Octavian Augustus is named the first emperor of the Roman Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman Republic wins the Punic wars/takes over Carthage/gains land in the Mediterranean world. </li></ul><ul><li>Julius Caesar appointed dictator by the Senate in a time of crisis then is killed by members of the Senate. </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of the Roman Republic leads to social and economic consequences such as greed and corruption. </li></ul><ul><li>For 100 years, The Roman Republic is plunged into a period of civil war. </li></ul><ul><li>For a 200 year period, beginning with the start of the Empire, the Roman Empire experienced a period known as the Pax Romana , or Roman peace – a period of peace and prosperity. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Roman Empire <ul><li>By 31 A.D, Octavian Augustus was name Rome’s first emperor; he served much like a King in that his power was absolute and he named his successors . This date marked the end of the Republic and the beginning of the Empire (imperial rule) . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Augustus created a stable government which was centralized and bureaucratic and issued economic reform . For example, he made the tax system more fair . </li></ul><ul><li>Augustus’ rule began a 200 year-span known as the Pax Romana (Roman Peace ) - a period of peace and prosperity which ended after the death of Marcus Aurelius. </li></ul>The Roman Empire
  5. 5. The Roman Empire <ul><li>Social and Economic problems were hidden . To keep the restless mobs of people content, Roman emperors issued a policy of “bread and circus” in which the poor were given free food and all citizens were entertained using tax dollars. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Close : Explain how Rome went from Republic to Empire

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