Boyer, E. L. (1987). College: the undergraduate experience in America. New York:Harper & Row.Tinto, V. (1993). Leaving college: Rethinking the causes and cures of student attrition (2ed).: Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Sarason, Seymour B. (1974) Psychological sense of community: Prospects for a community psychology San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Disruptor, Saviour, or Distractor:MOOCs and their role in highereducation‟George Siemens, PhDJune 19, 2013UW-Madison
Increasing diversityof student profilesThe U.S. is now in a position whenless than half of students could beconsidered fulltime students. Inother words, students who can attendcampus five days a week nine-to-five, are now a minority.(Bates, 2013)
“Both student and teacher are unhappywhen chained to curricula and syllabi, totests and mediocre standards. An atmosphereof uninspired and uninspiring common sensemay well produce satisfactory mastery oftechnical “know how” and testable factualinformation. Such an atmosphere, however,stifles genuine understanding and the spiritof adventure in research.”Karl Jaspers, The Idea of the University 1959
An education system that fails to emulate thecharacteristics information in an era is doomed tofail.Information today is:OpenDistributedScalableSocialGenerativeNetworkedSelf-organizedAdaptiveGlobal
What we are seeing is thecomplexification of highereducationLearning needs are complex, ongoingSimple singular narrative won‟t suffice goingforwardThe idea of the university is expanding anddiversifying
Much of what MOOCs address is theshadow education system.They are not actual competition with theexisting education system
From the current standpoint, wesee the MOOC as the hub ofchangeMOOCs are more accurately seen as anode in an expanding ecosystem of edtechinnovation, emerging pedagogy, andcomplexification of society‟s educationneeds.
Ed-tech startupsWith transformations already underway in news,music, videos/movies, startup gold rush nowturning focus to education
“…the fundamental task of education is toenculturate youth into this knowledge-creating civilization and to help them finda place in it…traditional educationalpractices – with its emphasis on knowledgetransmission – as well as newer constructivistmethods both appear to be limited in scope ifnot entirely missing the point”Scardamalia and Bereiter (2006, Cambridge Handbook of LearningSciences)
When systems are distributed, alternativemodes of integration are neededStasser-Titus (1985)
Challenge then is to create a newintegrated whole
Social and academic connection to theuniversityBoyer (1987), Tinto (1993)Psychological sense of community:“Acknowledged interdependence”Sarason (1974)To integrate the university more deeply with theknowledge needs of our societyMe (2013)