Tradition And Emergence

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Presentation to COHERE Blended Learning Conference

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Tradition And Emergence

  1. 1. Tradition and Emergence: Finding new points of balance in the educational use of technology COHERE Blended Learning Conference George Siemens October 3, 2008
  2. 2. Tiers of change pressures <ul><li>Tier 1: Global </li></ul><ul><li>Tier 2: Technological/Societal </li></ul><ul><li>Tier 3: Educational </li></ul>
  3. 3. Global
  4. 4. Economic
  5. 5. Global Warming
  6. 6. Population growth
  7. 7. ...relocation <ul><li>1800: 3% of population in large cities </li></ul><ul><li>2050: 75% </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.192021.org/ </li></ul>
  8. 8. Healthcare...epidemics
  9. 9. Technological/Societal
  10. 10. Need for advanced learning <ul><li>2 of every 3 new/replacement jobs require post secondary education </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian Council of Learning (2006) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Networked Workers <ul><li>93% own a cell phone , compared with 78% of all American adults. </li></ul><ul><li>85% own a desktop computer, compared with 65% of all adults. </li></ul><ul><li>61% own a laptop computer , compared with 39% of all adults. </li></ul><ul><li>27% own a Blackberry , Palm or other personal digital assistant, compared with 13% of all adults. </li></ul><ul><li>Pew Internet </li></ul>
  12. 12. Access <ul><li>70+% level in many countries (Net) </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile/PDA (21%) web access – doubled in 2003-2005-2007 </li></ul><ul><li>88% have mobile </li></ul><ul><li>Steep decline after age 55 </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford Internet Institute </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>3.3 Billion Mobile accounts </li></ul>Informa, 2007
  14. 14. Our relationship to content/information...
  15. 15. We’ve pulled it apart…
  16. 16. Fragmentation
  17. 17. Educational
  18. 18. <ul><li>Bigger shift that that from a Ptolmeic to Copernican view of the solar system… </li></ul><ul><li>Self-organization is the way the relevant sciences are heading. </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Bereiter (2002) </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>“ Tectonic shift that will transform the map of higher education worldwide—the growth of universities in the developing world” </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel, Kanwar, Uvalic-Trumbic (2006) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Education’s future will be shaped in developing countries <ul><li>China: HE enrolment doubled, 2000 – 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>16 million. Exceeds US </li></ul><ul><li>India: by 2010, </li></ul><ul><li>40% of all HE education </li></ul><ul><li>will be distance </li></ul><ul><li>Carnegie Foundation (2006) </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>China: 800 new institutions in higher education since late 90’s </li></ul><ul><li>China: doubled scientific article output between 1997-2004 (rest of world declined %) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Threats to university <ul><li>Borderless education </li></ul><ul><li>Private for-profit </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate universities </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Scott, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Response: Triple-helix </li></ul><ul><li>Etzkowitz & Leydesdorff, 1999 </li></ul>
  23. 23. Trends in Online Education <ul><li>2/3 plus of all Higher Education institutions offer online learning </li></ul><ul><li>3.5 million students taking online course (in fall 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>20%+ percent annual growth rate since 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Online Nation (Allen & Seaman, 2007) </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Online Nation (Allen & Seaman, 2007) </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Participatory Pedagogies </li></ul><ul><li>(Collis & Moonen, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>(Askins, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>(Harvard Law School, 2008) </li></ul>
  26. 26. Open Educational Resources
  27. 27. Open Teaching Alec Couros Stephen Downes Leigh Blackall David Wiley
  28. 28. Three tiers of change generate tension points...
  29. 29. Emerging tension points <ul><li>Education/business </li></ul><ul><li>Accreditation/reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Transformation/utility </li></ul><ul><li>Research/responding </li></ul><ul><li>Formal/informal </li></ul>
  30. 30. Emerging tension points <ul><li>Open/Closed </li></ul><ul><li>Expert/Amateur </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy/Network…Command/Foster </li></ul><ul><li>Pace/Depth </li></ul><ul><li>Epistemology/Ontology </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Given the changes in how we interact with content and each other, how should we change the educational process? </li></ul>
  32. 32. Skills learners and educators need...
  33. 33. <ul><li>Digital literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy </li></ul><ul><li>21 st century skills </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Play, performance, networking, distributed cognition </li></ul><ul><li>(Jenkins) </li></ul>
  34. 34. Learning design?
  35. 35. Thin walls
  36. 38. Where is the strategy in the change?
  37. 39. Websites and Newsletters <ul><li>www.elearnspace.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.knowingknowledge.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.connectivism.ca </li></ul><ul><li>http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/wordpress/ </li></ul><ul><li>gsiemens AT elearnspace DOT org </li></ul>

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