Tli Ny

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  • Tli Ny

    1. 1. Connections and Conversations: What Happens to Content? George Siemens April 9, 2008 Presented to: Technology Leadership Institute Briarcliff Manor, NY
    2. 2. <ul><li>A quick look back </li></ul><ul><li>Why failure? </li></ul><ul><li>The cycle of change </li></ul><ul><li>What does technology do? </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul>
    3. 3. Déjà Vu all over again?
    4. 4. Bold predictions of tomorrow’s world
    5. 5. For each successful but humble beginning...
    6. 7. Many, many, bold, failed visions
    7. 9. <ul><li>Darryl Zanuck : </li></ul><ul><li>demise of television (1946) </li></ul>
    8. 11. <ul><li>Ken Olson (DEC): </li></ul><ul><li>Why would anyone want a computer at home? </li></ul>
    9. 13. <ul><li>Louis-Sebastien Mercier : </li></ul><ul><li>all learning in four books </li></ul>
    10. 14. <ul><li>Visionaries see a future of telecommuting workers, interactive libraries and multimedia classrooms. </li></ul>
    11. 15. <ul><li>They speak of electronic town meetings and virtual communities. Commerce and business will shift from offices and malls to networks and modems. </li></ul>
    12. 16. <ul><li>And the freedom of digital networks will make government more democratic. </li></ul>
    13. 17. <ul><li>Baloney. </li></ul><ul><li>Newsweek, 1995 </li></ul>
    14. 18. Education’s battle with new tools <ul><li>New tools resisted...negative impact on learning </li></ul><ul><li>futurelab: 2020 and beyond </li></ul>
    15. 19. <ul><li>A quick look back </li></ul><ul><li>Why failure? </li></ul><ul><li>The cycle of change </li></ul><ul><li>What does technology do? </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul>
    16. 20. Why do promises fail?
    17. 21. Duplication of existing approaches, new medium
    18. 22. We make learners use different tools, different processes, different contexts
    19. 23. <ul><li>A quick look back </li></ul><ul><li>Why failure </li></ul><ul><li>The cycle of change </li></ul><ul><li>What does technology do? </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul>
    20. 24. <ul><li>“ Revolutions are not easy on us” </li></ul><ul><li>Design and the Elastic Mind </li></ul>
    21. 25. <ul><li>Mass education designed for the industrial age meets the needs of neither the pre-industrial village nor the post-industrial future...indeed, all education - has to be totally reconceptualized. </li></ul><ul><li>-Alvin Toffler “Revolutionary Wealth” </li></ul>3
    22. 26. New ideas require new structures <ul><li>Gombrich, 1950, p.379 </li></ul>
    23. 28. <ul><li>Film - 1940s </li></ul><ul><li>Television - 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Programmed instruction - 1960s </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic instructional design - 1970s </li></ul><ul><li>Computers - 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet - 1990s </li></ul><ul><li>Social networks & Web 2.0 – 2000s </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Schwier </li></ul>
    24. 29. <ul><li>Associative trails </li></ul><ul><li>As we may think, Vannevar Bush - 1945 </li></ul>
    25. 30. We cannot evolve to adapt fast enough
    26. 31. So
    27. 32. We extend ourselves through technology
    28. 33. Distributed Intelligence <ul><li>Information/learning/knowledge not only “in our head” </li></ul><ul><li>Wittgenstein, Spivey, Salomon, Vygotsky, etc. </li></ul>
    29. 34. Regime transition <ul><li>“ Development and coordination of a vast array of complementary tangible and intangible elements” </li></ul><ul><li>Paul A. David (2000) </li></ul>
    30. 35. Fischer (2006)
    31. 36. How we interact with information today creates our structures
    32. 37. Our structures preserve, and help us to makes sense of, information
    33. 38. But...
    34. 39. Our structures also influences future affordances
    35. 40. And...
    36. 41. Our information structures inhibit progress
    37. 42. <ul><li>A quick look back </li></ul><ul><li>Why failure? </li></ul><ul><li>The cycle of change </li></ul><ul><li>What does technology do? </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul>
    38. 43. What is the role of technology? <ul><li>Loosening transitory pull of structures created based on how we have previously interacted with information and each other </li></ul>
    39. 44. Technology encapsulates current ideas <ul><li>Shepherd </li></ul>
    40. 45. ...and to connect
    41. 46. ...and to interact
    42. 47. Our devices <ul><li>2.7 billion mobile phones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>800 million cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>850 million PCs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.5 B phones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.5 B TV sets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://communities-dominate.blogs.com/brands/2007/01/putting_27_bill.html </li></ul>
    43. 48. <ul><li>A quick look back </li></ul><ul><li>Why failure? </li></ul><ul><li>The cycle of change </li></ul><ul><li>What does technology do? </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul>
    44. 49. <ul><li>Capacity to stay current </li></ul><ul><li>New tools to extend ourselves to stay current, to function, in our climate </li></ul>
    45. 50. Information Explosion <ul><li>From 1550-1750 </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Rosenberg </li></ul>
    46. 51. <ul><li>“ Confusing and harmful abundance of books&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Conrad Gesner 1545 </li></ul>
    47. 52. How have people sought to curb information growth? <ul><li>More books </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopaedia's </li></ul><ul><li>Ignore books </li></ul><ul><li>Categorize and select </li></ul><ul><li>Different strategies within context (reading) </li></ul><ul><li>New approach all together... </li></ul>
    48. 53. <ul><li>As long as the centuries continue to unfold, the number of books will grow continually, and one can predict that a time will come when it will be almost as difficult to learn anything from books as from the direct study of the whole universe </li></ul><ul><li>Diderot </li></ul>
    49. 54. Information is the currency & barometer of humanity’s progress
    50. 55. What do we do now with information?
    51. 56. create
    52. 57. re-create
    53. 58. co-create
    54. 59. Associative trails between information
    55. 60. The attributes of information dictates a new approach, not fine-tuning existing approach
    56. 61. <ul><li>A quick look back </li></ul><ul><li>Why failure? </li></ul><ul><li>The cycle of change </li></ul><ul><li>What does technology do? </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul>
    57. 62. here
    58. 63. there
    59. 64. now
    60. 65. then
    61. 66. Social context
    62. 67. <ul><li>Participatory sense-making </li></ul><ul><li>(De Jaegher & Di Paolo) </li></ul>
    63. 68. Associative trails between people
    64. 69. <ul><li>A quick look back </li></ul><ul><li>Why failure </li></ul><ul><li>The cycle of change </li></ul><ul><li>What does technology do? </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul>
    65. 70. Welcome to complexity <ul><li>Uncoupling cause-effect </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple factors interacting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversity and emergence </li></ul></ul>
    66. 71. Knowing today means accepting ambiguity and uncertainty
    67. 72. Information is networked
    68. 73. Communication is networked
    69. 74. Learning is networked
    70. 75. <ul><li>“ More than anything else, being an educated person means being able to see connections so as to be able to make sense of the world and act within it in creative ways.” </li></ul><ul><li>(W. Cronon) </li></ul>
    71. 76. And where shall we have a regime change ?
    72. 77. Classroom
    73. 78. Courses
    74. 79. Teacher
    75. 80. Books
    76. 81. Institutions
    77. 82. Copyright/IP
    78. 83. Filtering role
    79. 84. huh? How?
    80. 85. Networks
    81. 86. <ul><li>“ Networks are the language of our times, but our institutions are not programmed to understand them” </li></ul><ul><li>(McCarthy, Miller, Skidmore) </li></ul>
    82. 87. Social
    83. 88. Global filtering
    84. 89. Global classrooms
    85. 90. What about the existing tools?
    86. 91. Blogs, wikis, blah, blah, blah
    87. 92. It’s not deep enough <ul><li>Tool-based </li></ul>
    88. 93. It’s not deep enough <ul><li>Information </li></ul>
    89. 94. It’s not deep enough <ul><li>Systemic </li></ul>
    90. 95. Significant outstanding issues <ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning making (fragmented dialogue): how does this impact society? </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy/security </li></ul><ul><li>What are the systemic changes required? </li></ul>
    91. 96. <ul><li>www.elearnspace.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.connectivism.ca </li></ul><ul><li>www.knowingknowledge.com </li></ul><ul><li>gsiemens AT elearnspace DOT org </li></ul>

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