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An overview of social and higher education trends and potential institutional responses

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  • Ohio

    1. 1. Pressures of Change: A Response Ohio State University Extension Annual Conference George Siemens December 12, 2007
    2. 2. Transformation
    3. 3. <ul><li>Reality: Pace and Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: Lives and Habits of Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Where are We Now? </li></ul><ul><li>The Need for Change? </li></ul><ul><li>Models of Change </li></ul><ul><li>Moving Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Reality: Pace and Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: Lives and Habits of Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Where are We Now? </li></ul><ul><li>The Need for Change? </li></ul><ul><li>Models of Change </li></ul><ul><li>Moving Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul>
    5. 5. Growth of information and tools to create/access information
    6. 6. <ul><li>“ ...in the 21st century, the education and skills of the workforce will end up being the dominant competitive weapon” </li></ul><ul><li>Lester Thurow </li></ul>
    7. 7. % of population (25+) with 4 or more years of college Signal Hill 2007 Post Secondary Fact Book
    8. 8. By 2015: 70+% of all new jobs will require PSE <ul><li>Canadian Council for Learning, 2007 </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>“ The United States must find ways to nurture a broader and more diverse talent pool to be successful in the knowledge-based economy” </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Graduate Schools Report. </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate Education: The Backbone of American Competitiveness and Innovation </li></ul>
    10. 10. Trends in Online Education <ul><li>2/3 plus of all HE institutions offer online learning </li></ul><ul><li>3.5 million students taking online course (in fall 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>20%+ percent annual growth rate since 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Online Nation (Allen & Seaman, 2007) </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Online Nation (Allen & Seaman, 2007) </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>ECAR, 2007 Undergraduate Students and IT </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>ECAR, 2007 Undergraduate Students and IT </li></ul>Most Valuable Benefit from IT in Courses
    14. 14. Views have changed
    15. 15. <ul><li>Reality: Pace and Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: Lives and Habits of Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Where are We Now? </li></ul><ul><li>The Need for Change? </li></ul><ul><li>Models of Change </li></ul><ul><li>Moving Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul>
    16. 16. Millennial Learners Oblinger (2005), Dede (2005)
    17. 17. Do different experiences impact our neural structure? Richard Davidson, 2002 Kelly, Grinband, Hirsch, 2007
    18. 18. The rise of everyone
    19. 19. A word of caution
    20. 20. <ul><li>ECAR, 2007 Undergraduate Students and IT </li></ul>Preference for IT Use in Courses
    21. 21. Oxford Internet Institute: Internet in Britain 2007
    22. 22. <ul><li>Reality: Pace and Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: Lives and Habits of Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Where are We Now? </li></ul><ul><li>The Need for Change? </li></ul><ul><li>Models of Change </li></ul><ul><li>Moving Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul>
    23. 23. Signal Hill 2007 Post Secondary Fact Book
    24. 24. <ul><li>Oxford Internet Institute: Internet in Britain 2007 </li></ul>
    25. 25. <ul><li>3.3 Billion Mobile accounts </li></ul>Informa, 2007
    26. 26. Oxford Internet Institute: Internet in Britain 2007
    27. 27. Oxford Internet Institute: Internet in Britain 2007
    28. 29. “ Prototypical US industry in 10 years, if all goes well” National Center on Education and the Economy: Tough Choices or Tough Times
    29. 31. <ul><li>Reality: Pace and Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: Lives and Habits of Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Where are We Now? </li></ul><ul><li>The Need for Change? </li></ul><ul><li>Models of Change </li></ul><ul><li>Moving Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul>
    30. 32. <ul><li>“ ...we have to change ourselves in changing environments, and we have to empower ourselves to change these environments as well” </li></ul><ul><li>Theo Hug </li></ul>
    31. 33. New skills <ul><li>ALA: information literacy (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Jenkins: New media skills (2006, p. 5) </li></ul><ul><li>21 st Century Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gilster 1997, Jones-Kavalier & Flannigan, 2006 </li></ul></ul>
    32. 34. Harvard (2007): Core Curriculum <ul><li>Civic Engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Students to understand themselves as products of—and participants in—traditions of art, ideas, and values </li></ul><ul><li>Respond critically and constructively to change </li></ul><ul><li>Students’ understanding of ethical dimensions of what they say and do </li></ul>
    33. 35. New Skills <ul><li>Knowledge of Human Cultures and the Physical and Natural World </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual and Practical Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Personal and Social Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Integrative Learning </li></ul><ul><li>AAC&U, 2007: College Learning for the New Global Century </li></ul>
    34. 36. Our structures of presenting information and fostering knowledge development cannot keep pace with growth!
    35. 38. <ul><li>Reality: Pace and Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: Lives and Habits of Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Where are We Now? </li></ul><ul><li>The Need for Change? </li></ul><ul><li>Models of Change </li></ul><ul><li>Moving Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul>
    36. 40. Cook, Holley & Andrew British Journal of Educational Technology  38  (5), 784-794.
    37. 41. OECD: Schooling for tomorrow <ul><li>Bureaucratic </li></ul><ul><li>Re-schooling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused learning organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Core social centres </li></ul></ul><ul><li>De-schooling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning in networks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Crisis </li></ul>
    38. 42. <ul><li>Reality: Pace and Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: Lives and Habits of Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Where are We Now? </li></ul><ul><li>The Need for Change? </li></ul><ul><li>Models of Change </li></ul><ul><li>Moving Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul>
    39. 43. What will education look like?
    40. 44. Threats <ul><li>For-profit providers </li></ul><ul><li>Global schools </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship to University </li></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Re-skilling faculty </li></ul>
    41. 45. Opportunities <ul><li>Global market </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships with other institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with global partners </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt combined resource-models </li></ul><ul><li>Innovate method and structure </li></ul>
    42. 46. <ul><li>Reality: Pace and Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: Lives and Habits of Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Where are We Now? </li></ul><ul><li>The Need for Change? </li></ul><ul><li>Models of Change </li></ul><ul><li>Moving Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul>
    43. 47. http://dltj.org/2006/12/disruptive-innovation-card
    44. 48. Innovating Education <ul><li>Distance Education and Extension departments uniquely suited to the task </li></ul>
    45. 49. What are core tasks in Extension? <ul><li>Administration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Management, policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technological </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure, security </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New markets, future opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching and Learning </li></ul>
    46. 50. Teaching and Learning <ul><li>Reconsider full spectrum of activity </li></ul>
    47. 51. How do we begin to innovate?
    48. 52. <ul><li>small steps </li></ul><ul><li>many directions </li></ul>
    49. 53. <ul><li>Seed </li></ul><ul><li>Select </li></ul><ul><li>Amplify </li></ul><ul><li>(Meyer & Davis, 2003) </li></ul>
    50. 54. <ul><li>Conceptualization </li></ul><ul><li>Experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul>
    51. 55. Websites and Newsletters <ul><li>www.elearnspace.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.knowingknowledge.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.connectivism.ca </li></ul><ul><li>http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/wordpress/ </li></ul>

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