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OER

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workshop on OERs for U of Manitoba

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OER

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources George Siemens January 16, 2008
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Introductions </li></ul><ul><li>History of open source </li></ul><ul><li>Defining OER </li></ul><ul><li>Sources/Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introductions
  4. 4. <ul><li>“ To remain human and liveable, knowledge societies will have to be societies of shared knowledge”. </li></ul><ul><li>Koïchiro Matsuura </li></ul>
  5. 5. (Brief) History of Open Source http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/open_source_part_1.htm http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/open_source_part_2.htm http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/why_we_should_share.htm
  6. 6. Stallman: Free Software
  7. 7. Open Source Software
  8. 8. David Wiley: can we do this with educational content?
  9. 9. Definition <ul><li>“ Open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes” </li></ul><ul><li>The Way Forward p. 7 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Free to: <ul><li>Reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Revise </li></ul><ul><li>Remix </li></ul><ul><li>Redistribute </li></ul><ul><li>(Wiley, 2007) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Three types of “open” <ul><li>Legally </li></ul><ul><li>Socially </li></ul><ul><li>Technologically </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.openknowledgefoundation.org/three_meanings_of_open/ </li></ul>
  12. 12. Q: Why Openness?
  13. 13. A “fruitful convergence” <ul><li>Connectivity is increasing </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost computing/enhanced mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>Body of open content is expanding </li></ul>
  14. 14. Scope of openness: <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Journals (see http://www.doaj.org/) </li></ul><ul><li>MOOC </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination? Accreditation? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Priority #1: Awareness
  16. 16. Priority #2: Communities & Networking
  17. 17. Priority #3: Capacity Development
  18. 18. Priority #4: Quality Assurance
  19. 19. Priority #5: Sustainability
  20. 20. Priority #6: Copyright
  21. 21. How can YOU get involved? <ul><li>Institution-wide initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Personal sharing of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Use OERs in your courses </li></ul><ul><li>Promote OERs with colleagues </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>“ If knowledge is to be shared as OER, there must be change – in institutional policies and procedures, in teaching and learning” </li></ul><ul><li>The Way Forward, p.8 </li></ul>
  23. 23. Challenges <ul><li>Systemic change </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed messages </li></ul><ul><li>Research on existing use </li></ul>
  24. 24. Resources <ul><li>Common Wisdom: Peer Production of Educational Materials (Yochai Benkler, 2005) http://www.benkler.org/Common_Wisdom.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Science Dissemination using Open Access (2008) http://sdu.ictp.it/openaccess/SciDissOpenAccess.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>The Way Forward (UNESCO, 2008) http://oerwiki.iiep-unesco.org/images/4/46/OER_Way_Forward.pd </li></ul><ul><li>Open Educational Resources: What are they and why do they matter (OECD) http://www.meaningprocessing.com/personalPages/tuomi/articles/OpenEducationalResources_OECDreport.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources (OECD, 2007) http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/35/7/38654317.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Timeline: http://www.xtimeline.com/timeline/Open-Educational-Resources-Movement </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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