Core Subject [Social Studies] Standard 3.9The student will identify examples of making aneconomic choice and will explain the idea ofopportunity cost (what is given up when makinga choice).
IS: Defined Concept Valid Type(s) of Valid Type(s) of Constructed Selected Response ResponseFill-in-the-Blank Labeling Multiple Choice Short Answer Matching True/False Essay Ordering Project Performance
Paul just moved into a new apartment. He hasmany choices to make during the first fewweeks living in the new place. Which of thequestions is an example of an economic choicePaul might make?a. Where should I place my couch in the living room?b. Should I buy a new flat screen television set for my living room?c. Should I call my mom and talk with her about the problems I am having with my new bathroom?d. Should I invite my new neighbors over to share the home-warming cake my mom baked?
Core Subject [Social Studies] Standard 1.10Value honesty and truthfulness in oneself andothers. Core Subject [Social Studies] Standard 1.10 -modified-The student will choose to apply the traits of agood citizen.
Core Subject [Social Studies] Standard 1.5The student will construct a simple map of afamiliar area, using basic map symbols in themap legend.Note: At one level, this is a higher-order rule. At a first-grade level, this alsoinvolves motor skills associated with drawing in general.
Motor Skills Valid Type(s) of Valid Type(s) ofConstructed Response Selected Response Fill-in-the-Blank Labeling Multiple Choice Short Answer Matching Essay True/False Project OrderingPerformance
Using anything you want from the “Arting”table, make a map of your neighborhood. Don’tforget to include basic mapping symbols, andinclude a legend.
Rules based on… Evidence of Validity: Ensure items address targeted Skills, Knowledge, and Attitudes/Dispositions (SKA) Maximize Grading efficiency (time and accuracy) Maximize probability that correct answers reflect SKA performance (minimize correct answer guesses - Type I Error – False Positive) Maximize probability that incorrect answers reflect SKA performance (Type II Error – False Negative) Encourage thinking about the questions
1. General Rule 1.1: Write clear, concise, simple directions free of complex syntax or difficult vocabulary. Example: Bad Directions Newton’s Three Laws of Motion defined an entire field of physical science for many years. Name them. Better Directions Name Newton’s Three Laws of Motion.
1. General Rule 1.2: All assessment items must clearly elicit the performances articulated within the objectives under the same conditions stated. Example: Objective: Given the mass of an object (in kilograms) and the acceleration of the object (in m/s2), the learners will calculate the force in Newtons.
1. GeneralBad AssessmentSuppose a 1500 gram ball was thrown off the roofof a 2-story (approximately 7 meters high) building.What force will the ball apply to the ground when ithits (in Newtons)?Better AssessmentSuppose a 1.5 Kg ball was thrown against a wallwith an acceleration of 2 m/s/s. With what force willthe ball hit the wall (in Newtons)?
1. General Rule 1.3: Include reminders to perform certain steps if needed. Example: Draw a picture of a typical animal cell and label all the cell parts. Don’t forget to draw very clear lines from your labels to the cell parts (use arrows if needed).
1. GeneralRule 1.4: Included clear evaluation criteria if the assessmenttasks are particularly complex. Example: Explain possible mechanisms involved in producing elevated global temperatures as a result of the greenhouse effect. Make certain that your answer references the chemical characteristics of hydrocarbons in the atmosphere, the flow of energy resulting in atmospheric temperature changes, and at least 3 specific natural and 3 specific artificial sources of hydrocarbon emissions contributing to changes in atmospheric concentrations of hydrocarbon gases.
2. Multiple Choice Rule 2.1: Do not use any choices that are obviously incorrect. Example: How many centimeters are in a meter? a) .001 b) 1.00 c) 100 d) 3.12
2. Multiple Choice Rule 2.2: Ensure that words such as a, an, he, she, or plural words are not used to cue learners toward the correct answer. Example: Pierre de Fermat is best known as a a) Inventor b) Scientist c) Mathematician d) Teacher
2. Multiple Choice Rule 2.3: Don’t use “All of the Above.” - If one choice is wrong, all of the above is wrong - None of the above is ok
2. Multiple Choice Rule 2.4: Don’t use words like “All” or “Never” in the answer options. These terms almost always signify an answer option that is incorrect.
2. Multiple Choice Rule 2.5: Don’t repeat words from the question in the answer options. Example: Which of the following represents the best description of Natural Selection? a)The natural process responsible for the origin of new species and the adaptation of organisms to their environments. b)The procedures involved in cultivating the best possible type of offspring from a population of adult organisms. c)The adaptation of organisms their environment.
2. Multiple Choice Rule 2.6: Don’t use negative answer options following a negative question or stem. Example: Which of the assumptions about Natural Selection is NOT true? a)Organisms reproduce b)Traits vary among offspring c)Offspring do inherit traits from their parents d)The environment does not limit the size of populations.
2. Multiple ChoiceSpecial Note: Paired MC items CAN be used to measurehigher-order thinking skills: Example: 1. Suppose a frozen turkey was thrown from an airplane at 5,000 meters… 2. Which of the following BEST explains why the answer chosen for item 1 is true?
2. Multiple Choice See Assessment Guide for More…