Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

CJA 394 Week 1 Individual Assignment Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation Paper 2015 version

66 views

Published on

Sample content

Criminal Justice Trends

CJA 394

Description:

Criminal Justice Trends Paper

Select one of the components of the criminal justice system (law enforcement, courts, or corrections).

Write a 1,400- to 1750-word paper in which you evaluate past, present, and future trends of the criminal justice component you select. Discuss the budgetary and managerial impact that future trends will likely have not only on the component you select, but also on the other components of the criminal justice system. Be sure to include current research data (qualitative and quantitative) in your analysis.

Criminal Justice Trends

The practice of criminal justice must support the fragile balance between individual rights versus public rights. This balance becomes more complex in a multicultural society. The practice of criminal justice is a covenant wherein citizens have agreed to give up some individual rights for the sake of public law and order. In this paper, the evolution of

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

CJA 394 Week 1 Individual Assignment Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation Paper 2015 version

  1. 1. CJA 394 Week 1 Individual Assignment Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation Paper Link : http://uopexam.com/product/cja-394-week-1-individual-assignment-criminal-justice- trends-evaluation-paper/ Sample content Criminal Justice Trends CJA 394
  2. 2. Description: Criminal Justice Trends Paper Select one of the components of the criminal justice system (law enforcement, courts, or corrections). Write a 1,400- to 1750-word paper in which you evaluate past, present, and future trends of the criminal justice component you select. Discuss the budgetary and managerial impact that future trends will likely have not only on the component you select, but also on the other components of the criminal justice system. Be sure to include current research data (qualitative and quantitative) in your analysis. Criminal Justice Trends The practice of criminal justice must support the fragile balance between individual rights versus public rights. This balance becomes more complex in a multicultural society. The practice of criminal justice is a covenant wherein citizens have agreed to give up some individual rights for the sake of public law and order. In this paper, the evolution of western criminal justice system will be traced from ancient to modern times. Past, present and future trends in the criminal justice system will be assessed as well, including the value of the system in an ever changing society. The history of crime can be traced back to the first book of the Bible that dates back thousands of years ago. The account of Cain and Abel records the concept of a retributive justice. The Exodus account of an ‘eye for an eye” can be restated in modern times as the concept of proportionality practiced by the justice system, which means the penalty must be proportionate to the crime. This is a legal precept followed in Biblical, Rabbinical, and Common Laws. The modern principle of two or more witnesses can be found in Deuteronomy as well, which means that direct testimony that is corroborated by outside direct testimony will be admissible evidence in capital cases. In addition to the concept of retributive justice, there is also the deterrence principle for the prevention of crime. In Deuteronomy, the death penalty is imposed on those who refuse to heed the rulings of the court, or flaunts the rules of the land. The governing principle behind all these edicts is that the laws of the land should be in accordance with the laws of God, which is a sacred trust and the observance of which ensures continued blessing for the nation and the people. Hence, in order to preserve good government, the death penalty is given on those who hold the laws of the land in contempt (Sterling, 2002). Judeo-Christian tradition holds that God is the supreme source of the law, while Roman view is more mundane and maintains that the origin of law can be no
  3. 3. higher than man himself. Hence, Roman law is not immutable; it is subjective and changeable. Persecution is easy because there is no need to follow cumbersome evidentiary rules. It is a system that is not primarily geared for dispensing justice; rather, it is a system for maintaining social order, which is suitable for an imperial order. Whereas Judeo-Christian perspective holds that certain acts are morally repugnant because they caused harm; Roman view emphasizes the absolute power of the state wherein policy is paramount, regardless if it is moral or not (Sterling, 2002). During the development of the English Common Law, the criminal court began to distinguish two components of a criminal violation, namely, as “Actus Reas,” which refers to a guilty act, and “Mens Rea,” which refers to a guilty mind or a criminal intent. This approach was carried over to the American colonial and post-colonial laws. However, in the 20th century, the American legal system is moving away from the principles of common law by marginalizing the element of criminal intent in order to make the justice system more consistent and less unpredictable. Legal scholars want to blur the distinction between criminal law and civil law by doing away or minimizing the requirement of “mens rea.” A growing trend in the 1800s was Darwinian Positivistic legal philosophy, which was championed by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. This philosophy follows a utilitarian approach in observing rule of law. It http://uopexam.com/product/cja-394-week-1-individual-assignment-criminal-justice-trends- evaluation-paper/

×