L&J #1 Intro Fall2008


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L&J #1 Intro Fall2008

  1. 1. Welcome to Law & Justice Fall 2008-09
  2. 2. Gateway cheerleader, 16, slain A 16-year-old girl was stabbed to death last evening by a teenage friend, who then apparently tried to kill himself by slashing his throat, Monroeville police said. Authorities did not release the name of the stabbing victim. But David Falvo, husband of Gateway school board President Cindy Falvo, said his wife knew the victim was Demi Cuccia, who would have been a junior at Gateway High School and a member of the cheerleading team.
  3. 3. Dangerous Sex Offenders Captured !!
  4. 4. Boys face the possibility of some jail time or registering for life as sex offenders. <ul><li>Cory Mashburn and Ryan Cornelison, both 13, were arrested in February after they were caught in the halls of Patton Middle School, in McMinnville, Ore., slapping girls on the rear end. Mashburn told ABC News in a phone interview that this was a common way of saying hello practiced by lots of kids at the school, akin to a secret handshake. </li></ul><ul><li>The boys spent five days in a juvenile detention facility and were charged with several counts of felony sex abuse for what they and their parents said was merely inappropriate but not criminal behavior. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Charges Dismissed Both boys stood, turning from the judge, to address their Patton Middle School classmates in the galley. &quot;Girls, if I offended you or your parents, I'm sorry,&quot; Cornelison said. &quot;I hope we still can be friends.&quot; Under the settlements, called a civil compromise, the girls received financial compensation and asked to withdraw from the criminal case. The boys agreed to publicly apologize in court for their behavior.
  6. 6. 'I'm Being Sued for WHAT?' Is somebody getting taken to the cleaners? A $10 dry cleaning bill for a pair of trousers has ballooned into a $67 million civil lawsuit. &quot;Satisfaction Guaranteed.&quot;
  7. 7. The Plaintiff- Judge Roy Pearson He says in court papers that he has endured &quot;mental suffering, inconvenience and discomfort.&quot; He says he was unable to wear that favorite suit on his first day of work. He's suing for 10 years of weekend car rentals so he can transport his dry cleaning to another store. The lawsuit is based in large part on Pearson's seemingly pained admission that he was taken in by the oldest and most insidious marketing tool in the dry cleaning industry arsenal.
  8. 8. <ul><li>Using a complicated formula, Judge Pearson argues that under the city’s consumer protection law, the owners, Soo and Jin Chung and their son, Ki Chung, each owe $18,000 for each day over a nearly four-year period in which signs at their store promised “Same Day Service” and “Satisfaction Guaranteed.” In opening statements, Judge Pearson cast himself as a victim of a fraud on a historic scale, perpetrated by malicious business owners who had no intention of delivering on those promises. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Soo and Jin Chung
  10. 10. The Pants
  11. 11. Custom Cleaners
  12. 12. You’re a high school student. <ul><li>Summoned to a classroom </li></ul><ul><li>No one will/can tell you about the class. </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone who knows about the class is excused and can’t get credit for the class. </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t ask questions </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t take notes </li></ul><ul><li>You are not told the length of the class. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of the class you will be graded. </li></ul><ul><li>You are not told what the criteria for the grade will be based upon. </li></ul><ul><li>The final exam has 1 question. Everyone in the class must agree on the answer. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The evidence clearly seemed to point to the defendant's guilt. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Police Pursuit <ul><li>Is it too dangerous to pursue a fleeing suspect or is it too dangerous not to do so? </li></ul><ul><li>Shoot or don’t shoot? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the appropriate amount of force to use with a combatant suspect, especially one who may be harmed? </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Trials of Los Angeles Police Officers' in Connection with the Beating of Rodney King
  16. 16. O.J. Simpson Guilty? Innocent? More info?
  17. 17. Nicole Brown Simpson & Ron Goldman Brutally Slashed
  18. 18. Justice is … Activity <ul><li>Review the various quotes. </li></ul><ul><li>Combine/ select and author your definition to share with the class. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Justice is…. <ul><li>Describe two characteristics of “Lady Justice” that illustrate our society’s view of justice. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Justice is….. <ul><li>“… .justly represented blind, because she sees no difference in the parties concerned. She has but one scale and weight, for rich and poor, great and small. Her sentence is not guided by the person, but the cause….. Impartiality is the life of justice, as that is of government.” William Penn </li></ul>
  21. 21. Justice is…… <ul><li>“ Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” Martin Luther King Jr. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Justice <ul><li>“ The best and only safe road to honor, glory, and true dignity is justice.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>George Washington </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Justice <ul><li>“ Justice is the end of government. It is the end of civil society.” James Madison </li></ul>
  24. 24. Balanced & Restorative Justice (BARJ) <ul><li>Community, victim, and offender should receive balanced attention. </li></ul><ul><li>All three should gain tangible benefits from their interactions with the juvenile justice system </li></ul><ul><li>Guiding philosophy of Juvenile Justice today. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes maximum and equal involvement of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. victim , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. the offender , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c. and the community in the justice process. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Law & Justice <ul><li>Provides students with hands on citizenship skills and advanced knowledge of how our legal system works. </li></ul><ul><li>Police officers </li></ul><ul><li>Attorneys </li></ul><ul><li>Simulations including: police stops, K9 searches, </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal court, Shuman Center, County Jail </li></ul>
  26. 26. Class Rules <ul><li>3 P’s (prompt, prepared and polite) </li></ul><ul><li>In your seat at the bell </li></ul><ul><li>Admission slip (excused)/E.D. Green Slip </li></ul><ul><li>Prior permission ( e.g. guidance,field trips ) </li></ul><ul><li>Attendance log </li></ul><ul><li>Make-up work time parameters (2 days) </li></ul><ul><li>LTQ - Listen, Think, Question </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate attire (student handbook) </li></ul><ul><li>Turn off your cell phone BEFORE entering the class. </li></ul><ul><li>Grades: points, standard %,class participation, homework, tests bonus </li></ul>
  27. 27. L&J Bingo Ice Breaker Everything we do is influenced or affected by law. <ul><li>List two examples of the influence of law in our daily lives for each of the following topics: </li></ul><ul><li>Movies- </li></ul><ul><li>TV Programs- </li></ul><ul><li>Sports- </li></ul><ul><li>Music- </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Experiences- </li></ul>
  28. 28. Law <ul><li>Has your understanding about laws and our legal system changed since the first day of class? How? Explain & give examples. </li></ul><ul><li>What is law? How would you define the concept? </li></ul>
  29. 29. Law is….. <ul><li>Rules and regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Made and enforced by the government (local,state, federal) legislative branch </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate the conduct of people within a society. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Examples of laws include…
  31. 31. Laws include: <ul><li>1. Civil </li></ul><ul><li>2. Criminal </li></ul>
  32. 32. Criminal Laws <ul><li>Wrongs against society . </li></ul><ul><li>Wrongs to individual citizens’ safety and property </li></ul><ul><li>State (Commonwealth) V Defendant </li></ul><ul><li>The act is known as a crime. </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes define regulated conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Crimes include: </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of crimes include: murder,rape, robbery, theft </li></ul>
  33. 33. How are Crimes Classified? <ul><li>Crimes are classified into three categories according to the penalty and seriousness of the offense </li></ul><ul><li>felonies -most serious </li></ul><ul><li>misdemeanors- less serious </li></ul><ul><li>summary offenses (traffic tickets, #6308) </li></ul>
  34. 34. Civil Laws <ul><li>Personal wrongs (as opposed to public wrongs/crimes) </li></ul><ul><li>Jones V Smith </li></ul><ul><li>Provides the injured party with a remedy. </li></ul><ul><li>Damages,interferes, injures a person’s property, person, reputation. </li></ul>
  35. 36. Civil Law / Torts <ul><li>Merv Grazinski set his Winnebago on cruise control, slid away from the wheel and went back to fix a cup of coffee. 

You can guess what happened next: The rudderless, driverless Winnebago crashed. 

Grazinski blamed the manufacturer for not warning against such a maneuver in the owner's manual. He sued and won $1.75 million. 
  36. 37. Civil Law / Torts <ul><li>Amber Carson of Lancaster , Pa. , who got into an argument with her boyfriend in a restaurant, threw a drink at him and then broke her tailbone when she slipped on the wet spot on the floor. Naturally, Carson sued - and won $113,500. </li></ul>
  37. 38. Civil Law / Torts <ul><li>Kara Walton, a Delaware woman so eager to avoid a $3.50 cover charge that she tried sneaking into a nightclub through a bathroom window but fell and lost a couple of teeth. Walton sued and won $12,000 plus payment of dental bills. 
  38. 39. Types of Civil Law <ul><li>Agricultural law </li></ul><ul><li>Animal law </li></ul><ul><li>Aviation & aerospace law </li></ul><ul><li>Bankruptcy law </li></ul><ul><li>business law(contracts) </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate law </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental law </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual law </li></ul><ul><li>Land use law </li></ul><ul><li>Tax law </li></ul><ul><li>Personal injury law </li></ul><ul><li>International law </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic tort law </li></ul><ul><li>Military law </li></ul><ul><li>Torts/negligence </li></ul><ul><li>Professional malpractice </li></ul><ul><li>Securities law </li></ul>
  39. 40. Homicide <ul><li>One person kills another person </li></ul><ul><li>Accidental (non-criminal) </li></ul><ul><li>Justifiable </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Murder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>manslaughter </li></ul></ul>
  40. 41. Criminal Homicide <ul><li>Coroner determines the cause of death and may conduct an INQUEST to determine if criminal charges should be filed. </li></ul><ul><li>Homicide = one person kills another person </li></ul><ul><li>Murder1= homicide + malice (deliberate intent) + premeditation </li></ul><ul><li>Murder 3 = homicide + malice/ intent to kill </li></ul>
  41. 42. Criminal Homicide <ul><li>Manslaughter (Involuntary) - homicide + reckless life-threatening conduct (non-specific) Malice is NOT PRESENT </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary Manslaughter-unreasonable (illegal) belief that a homicide is justified. </li></ul><ul><li>Malice is NOT PRESENT. </li></ul>
  42. 43. Homicide Quiz <ul><li>Crimes Against the Person Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>1.____ Homicide </li></ul><ul><li>2.____ 1 st Degree Murder </li></ul><ul><li>3.____ 2 nd Degree Murder </li></ul><ul><li>4.____ 3 rd Degree Murder </li></ul><ul><li>5.____Voluntary M. </li></ul><ul><li>6.____Murder </li></ul><ul><li>7.____ Involuntary M. </li></ul><ul><li>A. Intentional killing with malice </li></ul><ul><li>B. A death occurs during the commission of a felony (burglary, arson, robbery) </li></ul><ul><li>C. A death occurs as a result of gross criminal negligence </li></ul><ul><li>D. One person kills another person </li></ul><ul><li>E. The actor believes that their actions(killing) is justifiable. </li></ul><ul><li>F.Planned, premeditated and done with malice </li></ul><ul><li>G. A person kills themselves </li></ul>
  43. 44. Stella Liebeck V McDonald's a.k.a. The Hot Coffee Case <ul><li>In February, 1992, a 79 year-old woman from Albuquerque, New Mexico, ordered coffee from the drive thru of a local McDonald’s restaurant, which she then spilled on her lap. Mrs. Liebeck was not driving the vehicle.The hot coffee burned her (third degree burns), and she subsequently sued McDonald’s. In 1994, a jury awarded her 2.9 million dollars in damages. </li></ul>
  44. 45. Stella should be compensated for her injuries. <ul><li>Rank your position on a continuum scale and explain your reasoning for the location of your mark. </li></ul><ul><li>5 strongly 4 3 2 1 strongly </li></ul><ul><li>agree disagree </li></ul><ul><li> Explanation </li></ul>
  45. 46. Grounds for a Lawsuit <ul><li>Who is Stella Liebeck? </li></ul><ul><li>What happened to her? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the arguments made by the plaintiff? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the arguments made by the defendant? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the compensatory and punitive damage awards? </li></ul><ul><li>Does Stella have a case? What is your analysis of the facts? </li></ul><ul><li>_______ had a more convincing case because.. </li></ul><ul><li>Civil case burden of proof is a: Preponderance of the evidence. </li></ul>
  46. 47. McDonald's Coffee Is the product defective? <ul><li>Product liability </li></ul><ul><li>Wrongs do not depend on the degree of carefulness by the defendant. </li></ul><ul><li>A defendant is liable (responsible) when it is shown that the product is defective (unsafe). </li></ul><ul><li>If there is a defect in the product that causes harm, he or she will be liable for it. </li></ul>
  47. 48. Stella & McDonald's <ul><li>Describe the facts (testimony and evidence) that would indicate that the product was unsafe? Safe? </li></ul><ul><li>List the witnesses that are described in the reading for each side in the case. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify any evidence that could be introduced during the trial. </li></ul>
  48. 49. Damages <ul><li>The sum of money which the law imposes for a breach of some duty or violation of some right. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types of damages: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Compensatory damages </li></ul><ul><li>2. Punitive damages </li></ul>
  49. 50. Compensatory Damages <ul><li>Are intended to compensate the injured party for his/her loss, damage or injury. </li></ul><ul><li>Two parts include specific damages and pain and suffering. </li></ul>
  50. 51. Punitive Damages <ul><li>Compensate in excess of the actual damages. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to punish the offender </li></ul><ul><li>Historically awarded to discourage intentional wrongdoing and reckless misconduct </li></ul>
  51. 52. Tort Law <ul><li>The rules that govern civil wrongs are called tort law. </li></ul><ul><li>A tort occurs when one person causes injury to another person, or to another’s property or reputation. </li></ul><ul><li>Tort law provides the injured party with a REMEDY, something to make up for what was lost. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost / benefit analysis (value to society v harm) </li></ul><ul><li>Tort law deals with questions such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Who should be responsible (liable), for harm caused by human activities? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. How much should the responsible person have to pay? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  52. 53. The Civil and Criminal Justice Systems What are the penalties Standard of Proof Who are the parties? What interests are protected? Criminal Justice Civil Justice Key Q
  53. 54. The Civil and Criminal Justice Systems What are the penalties Standard of Proof Who are the parties? Wrongs against society Wrongs Against individuals What interests are protected? Criminal Justice Civil Justice Key Q
  54. 55. The Civil and Criminal Justice Systems What are the penalties Standard of Proof Prosecutor state V defendant Plaintiff & defendant Jones V Smith Who are the parties? Wrongs against society Wrongs Against individuals What interests are protected? Criminal Justice Civil Justice Key Q
  55. 56. The Civil and Criminal Justice Systems What are the penalties Beyond a reasonable doubt Preponderance of evidence Standard of Proof Prosecutor state V defendant Plaintiff & defendant Jones V Smith Who are the parties? Wrongs against society Wrongs Against individuals What interests are protected? Criminal Justice Civil Justice Key Q
  56. 57. The Civil and Criminal Justice Systems Jail, prison, fine, Money damages What are the penalties Beyond a reasonable doubt Preponderance of evidence Standard of Proof Prosecutor state V defendant Plaintiff & defendant Jones V Smith Who are the parties? Wrongs against society Wrongs Against individuals What interests are protected? Criminal Justice Civil Justice Key Q
  57. 59. A.Criminal, B.Civil Law or C.both <ul><li>1. Regulate public conduct </li></ul><ul><li>2. Preponderance of evidence </li></ul><ul><li>3. Plaintiff </li></ul><ul><li>4. Defendant </li></ul><ul><li>5. Compensation </li></ul><ul><li>6. Jail, prison </li></ul><ul><li>7. Felony </li></ul><ul><li>8. Beyond a reasonable doubt </li></ul><ul><li>9.underage drinking </li></ul><ul><li>10. Zero tolerance </li></ul>
  58. 60. Street Law Terms Civil Law <ul><li>Tort </li></ul><ul><li>Plaintiff </li></ul><ul><li>Defendant </li></ul><ul><li>Judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Damages </li></ul><ul><li>2 basic questions that tort law deals with are: </li></ul><ul><li>Remedy </li></ul><ul><li>Liability </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Jones V Clinton </li></ul><ul><li>Tort law balances __ with __ </li></ul><ul><li>Tort law preserves__ </li></ul><ul><li>Immunity </li></ul><ul><li>Waiver- </li></ul><ul><li>__ are immune from lawsuits </li></ul><ul><li>Class action suits </li></ul><ul><li>Contingency fee </li></ul><ul><li>Compensatory damages </li></ul><ul><li>Punitive damages </li></ul><ul><li>Negligence / 4 parts include: </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative negligence </li></ul><ul><li>Assumption of risk </li></ul>
  59. 61. Criminal Law Vocab <ul><li>Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Prosecutor </li></ul><ul><li>District Attorney </li></ul><ul><li>Burden of Proof </li></ul><ul><li>Proof Beyond A Reasonable Doubt </li></ul><ul><li>Bench Trial </li></ul><ul><li>Coroner </li></ul><ul><li>Inquest hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Jury Trial </li></ul><ul><li>Commonwealth V Sagan </li></ul><ul><li>Homicide </li></ul><ul><li>Murder </li></ul><ul><li>Manslaughter </li></ul><ul><li>Unanimous decision </li></ul><ul><li>Bench trial </li></ul><ul><li>Felony </li></ul><ul><li>Misdemeanor </li></ul><ul><li>Summary offense </li></ul>
  60. 62. Civil Law? Criminal Law?Both? <ul><li>1. Crime </li></ul><ul><li>2. Compensatory damages </li></ul><ul><li>3. Negligence </li></ul><ul><li>4. Involuntary manslaughter </li></ul><ul><li>5.Jury trial </li></ul><ul><li>6. Preponderance of evidence </li></ul><ul><li>7. lawsuit </li></ul><ul><li>8.prosecutor </li></ul><ul><li>9. Defendant </li></ul><ul><li>10. Felony </li></ul><ul><li>11. Assumption of risk </li></ul><ul><li>12. Commonwealth v Sagan </li></ul><ul><li>13. Summary offense </li></ul><ul><li>14. Bench trial </li></ul><ul><li>15. Coroner </li></ul><ul><li>16. District attorney </li></ul><ul><li>17. guilty </li></ul><ul><li>18. A more convincing case </li></ul><ul><li>19. TARP </li></ul><ul><li>20. Negligence </li></ul><ul><li>21. Beyond a reasonable doubt </li></ul><ul><li>22.Sagan V Mohr </li></ul><ul><li>23. Murder </li></ul><ul><li>24. Stella Liebeck </li></ul><ul><li>25. Ricky Delrio </li></ul><ul><li>26. Punitive damages </li></ul><ul><li>27. Fine, prison </li></ul><ul><li>28. judge </li></ul>
  61. 63. Street Law Text <ul><li>Criminal Law </li></ul><ul><li>Pages 96-102 Chapter 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Pages 103-106 Chapter 9 </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Law </li></ul><ul><li>Pages 196-208 Chapter 17 </li></ul><ul><li>Pages 216-218 Chapter 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Pages 238-249 Chapter 19 </li></ul><ul><li>Pages 260-263 Chapter 21 </li></ul>
  62. 64. Negligence <ul><li>The most common tort (civil) action </li></ul><ul><li>Is conduct that falls below the standard established by law. </li></ul><ul><li>This standard is called TARP (The Average Reasonable Person) </li></ul><ul><li>Does a person’s conduct create an unreasonable risk of harm ? </li></ul><ul><li>Four elements: duty, breach of duty, causation, damages </li></ul>
  63. 65. Comparative Negligence <ul><li>A finding that the plaintiff was partly at fault. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, the plaintiff does not deserve full compensation for his injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on %. For instance, if 40% of the accident was the plaintiff’s fault, the plaintiff’s damages are reduced by 40%. </li></ul>